jQuery Ajax文件上传

2020/09/21 03:31 · javascript ·  · 0评论

我可以使用以下jQuery代码使用ajax请求的POST方法执行文件上传吗?

$.ajax({
    type: "POST",
    timeout: 50000,
    url: url,
    data: dataString,
    success: function (data) {
        alert('success');
        return false;
    }
});

如果可能,我是否需要填写data部分?这是正确的方法吗?我只将文件发布到服务器端。

我一直在搜索,但是我发现是一个插件,而在我的计划中我不想使用它。至少目前是这样。

上传文件是不是有可能通过AJAX。

您可以使用来上传文件,而无需刷新页面
IFrame

您可以
在此处查看更多详细信息


更新

使用XHR2,支持通过AJAX上传文件。例如通过FormData对象,但不幸的是,所有/旧的浏览器均不支持。

FormData 支持从以下桌面浏览器版本开始。

  • IE 10以上
  • Firefox 4.0+
  • Chrome 7+
  • Safari 5+
  • 歌剧12+

有关更多详细信息,请参见MDN链接

通过ajax上传文件不再需要iframe。我最近是一个人做的。查看以下页面:

在AJAX和jQuery中使用HTML5文件上传

http://dev.w3.org/2006/webapi/FileAPI/#FileReader-interface

更新了答案并进行了清理。使用getSize函数检查大小或使用getType函数检查类型。添加了progressbar html和CSS代码。

var Upload = function (file) {
    this.file = file;
};

Upload.prototype.getType = function() {
    return this.file.type;
};
Upload.prototype.getSize = function() {
    return this.file.size;
};
Upload.prototype.getName = function() {
    return this.file.name;
};
Upload.prototype.doUpload = function () {
    var that = this;
    var formData = new FormData();

    // add assoc key values, this will be posts values
    formData.append("file", this.file, this.getName());
    formData.append("upload_file", true);

    $.ajax({
        type: "POST",
        url: "script",
        xhr: function () {
            var myXhr = $.ajaxSettings.xhr();
            if (myXhr.upload) {
                myXhr.upload.addEventListener('progress', that.progressHandling, false);
            }
            return myXhr;
        },
        success: function (data) {
            // your callback here
        },
        error: function (error) {
            // handle error
        },
        async: true,
        data: formData,
        cache: false,
        contentType: false,
        processData: false,
        timeout: 60000
    });
};

Upload.prototype.progressHandling = function (event) {
    var percent = 0;
    var position = event.loaded || event.position;
    var total = event.total;
    var progress_bar_id = "#progress-wrp";
    if (event.lengthComputable) {
        percent = Math.ceil(position / total * 100);
    }
    // update progressbars classes so it fits your code
    $(progress_bar_id + " .progress-bar").css("width", +percent + "%");
    $(progress_bar_id + " .status").text(percent + "%");
};

如何使用Upload类

//Change id to your id
$("#ingredient_file").on("change", function (e) {
    var file = $(this)[0].files[0];
    var upload = new Upload(file);

    // maby check size or type here with upload.getSize() and upload.getType()

    // execute upload
    upload.doUpload();
});

Progressbar HTML代码

<div id="progress-wrp">
    <div class="progress-bar"></div>
    <div class="status">0%</div>
</div>

Progressbar CSS代码

#progress-wrp {
  border: 1px solid #0099CC;
  padding: 1px;
  position: relative;
  height: 30px;
  border-radius: 3px;
  margin: 10px;
  text-align: left;
  background: #fff;
  box-shadow: inset 1px 3px 6px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.12);
}

#progress-wrp .progress-bar {
  height: 100%;
  border-radius: 3px;
  background-color: #f39ac7;
  width: 0;
  box-shadow: inset 1px 1px 10px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.11);
}

#progress-wrp .status {
  top: 3px;
  left: 50%;
  position: absolute;
  display: inline-block;
  color: #000000;
}

可以使用Ajax发布和上传文件。我正在使用jQuery $.ajax函数加载文件。我尝试使用XHR对象,但无法在PHP的服务器端获得结果。

var formData = new FormData();
formData.append('file', $('#file')[0].files[0]);

$.ajax({
       url : 'upload.php',
       type : 'POST',
       data : formData,
       processData: false,  // tell jQuery not to process the data
       contentType: false,  // tell jQuery not to set contentType
       success : function(data) {
           console.log(data);
           alert(data);
       }
});

如您所见,您必须创建一个FormData对象,该对象为空或来自(序列化?- $('#yourForm').serialize())现有表单),然后附加输入文件。

下面是详细信息: - 如何上传使用jQuery.ajax和FORMDATA文件
-
上传文件通过jQuery,提供FORMDATA对象,并没有文件名,GET请求

对于PHP流程,您可以使用以下代码:

//print_r($_FILES);
$fileName = $_FILES['file']['name'];
$fileType = $_FILES['file']['type'];
$fileError = $_FILES['file']['error'];
$fileContent = file_get_contents($_FILES['file']['tmp_name']);

if($fileError == UPLOAD_ERR_OK){
   //Processes your file here
}else{
   switch($fileError){
     case UPLOAD_ERR_INI_SIZE:   
          $message = 'Error al intentar subir un archivo que excede el tamaño permitido.';
          break;
     case UPLOAD_ERR_FORM_SIZE:  
          $message = 'Error al intentar subir un archivo que excede el tamaño permitido.';
          break;
     case UPLOAD_ERR_PARTIAL:    
          $message = 'Error: no terminó la acción de subir el archivo.';
          break;
     case UPLOAD_ERR_NO_FILE:    
          $message = 'Error: ningún archivo fue subido.';
          break;
     case UPLOAD_ERR_NO_TMP_DIR: 
          $message = 'Error: servidor no configurado para carga de archivos.';
          break;
     case UPLOAD_ERR_CANT_WRITE: 
          $message= 'Error: posible falla al grabar el archivo.';
          break;
     case  UPLOAD_ERR_EXTENSION: 
          $message = 'Error: carga de archivo no completada.';
          break;
     default: $message = 'Error: carga de archivo no completada.';
              break;
    }
      echo json_encode(array(
               'error' => true,
               'message' => $message
            ));
}

简单上传表格

 <script>
   //form Submit
   $("form").submit(function(evt){	 
      evt.preventDefault();
      var formData = new FormData($(this)[0]);
   $.ajax({
       url: 'fileUpload',
       type: 'POST',
       data: formData,
       async: false,
       cache: false,
       contentType: false,
       enctype: 'multipart/form-data',
       processData: false,
       success: function (response) {
         alert(response);
       }
   });
   return false;
 });
</script>
<!--Upload Form-->
<form>
  <table>
    <tr>
      <td colspan="2">File Upload</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <th>Select File </th>
      <td><input id="csv" name="csv" type="file" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td colspan="2">
        <input type="submit" value="submit"/> 
      </td>
    </tr>
  </table>
</form>

我为此很晚,但是我一直在寻找一个基于Ajax的图像上传解决方案,而我一直在寻找的答案散布在整个文章中。我确定的解决方案涉及FormData对象。我组装了代码的基本形式。您可以看到它演示了如何使用fd.append()向表单添加自定义字段,以及如何在ajax请求完成后处理响应数据。

上载html:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <title>Image Upload Form</title>
    <script src="//code.jquery.com/jquery-1.9.1.js"></script>
    <script type="text/javascript">
        function submitForm() {
            console.log("submit event");
            var fd = new FormData(document.getElementById("fileinfo"));
            fd.append("label", "WEBUPLOAD");
            $.ajax({
              url: "upload.php",
              type: "POST",
              data: fd,
              processData: false,  // tell jQuery not to process the data
              contentType: false   // tell jQuery not to set contentType
            }).done(function( data ) {
                console.log("PHP Output:");
                console.log( data );
            });
            return false;
        }
    </script>
</head>

<body>
    <form method="post" id="fileinfo" name="fileinfo" onsubmit="return submitForm();">
        <label>Select a file:</label><br>
        <input type="file" name="file" required />
        <input type="submit" value="Upload" />
    </form>
    <div id="output"></div>
</body>
</html>

如果您使用的是php,这是一种处理上传的方法,其中包括利用上面html中演示的两个自定义字段。

Upload.php

<?php
if ($_POST["label"]) {
    $label = $_POST["label"];
}
$allowedExts = array("gif", "jpeg", "jpg", "png");
$temp = explode(".", $_FILES["file"]["name"]);
$extension = end($temp);
if ((($_FILES["file"]["type"] == "image/gif")
|| ($_FILES["file"]["type"] == "image/jpeg")
|| ($_FILES["file"]["type"] == "image/jpg")
|| ($_FILES["file"]["type"] == "image/pjpeg")
|| ($_FILES["file"]["type"] == "image/x-png")
|| ($_FILES["file"]["type"] == "image/png"))
&& ($_FILES["file"]["size"] < 200000)
&& in_array($extension, $allowedExts)) {
    if ($_FILES["file"]["error"] > 0) {
        echo "Return Code: " . $_FILES["file"]["error"] . "<br>";
    } else {
        $filename = $label.$_FILES["file"]["name"];
        echo "Upload: " . $_FILES["file"]["name"] . "<br>";
        echo "Type: " . $_FILES["file"]["type"] . "<br>";
        echo "Size: " . ($_FILES["file"]["size"] / 1024) . " kB<br>";
        echo "Temp file: " . $_FILES["file"]["tmp_name"] . "<br>";

        if (file_exists("uploads/" . $filename)) {
            echo $filename . " already exists. ";
        } else {
            move_uploaded_file($_FILES["file"]["tmp_name"],
            "uploads/" . $filename);
            echo "Stored in: " . "uploads/" . $filename;
        }
    }
} else {
    echo "Invalid file";
}
?>

使用确实可以上传AJAX XMLHttpRequest()无需iframe。可以显示上传进度。

有关详细信息,请参见:回答https://stackoverflow.com/a/4943774/873282以质疑jQuery Upload Progress和AJAX文件上传

这是我的工作方式:

的HTML

<input type="file" id="file">
<button id='process-file-button'>Process</button>

JS

$('#process-file-button').on('click', function (e) {
    let files = new FormData(), // you can consider this as 'data bag'
        url = 'yourUrl';

    files.append('fileName', $('#file')[0].files[0]); // append selected file to the bag named 'file'

    $.ajax({
        type: 'post',
        url: url,
        processData: false,
        contentType: false,
        data: files,
        success: function (response) {
            console.log(response);
        },
        error: function (err) {
            console.log(err);
        }
    });
});

的PHP

if (isset($_FILES) && !empty($_FILES)) {
    $file = $_FILES['fileName'];
    $name = $file['name'];
    $path = $file['tmp_name'];


    // process your file

}

如果您想这样做:

$.upload( form.action, new FormData( myForm))
.progress( function( progressEvent, upload) {
    if( progressEvent.lengthComputable) {
        var percent = Math.round( progressEvent.loaded * 100 / progressEvent.total) + '%';
        if( upload) {
            console.log( percent + ' uploaded');
        } else {
            console.log( percent + ' downloaded');
        }
    }
})
.done( function() {
    console.log( 'Finished upload');                    
});

https://github.com/lgersman/jquery.orangevolt-ampere/blob/master/src/jquery.upload.js

可能是您的解决方案。

2019更新:

html

<form class="fr" method='POST' enctype="multipart/form-data"> {% csrf_token %}
<textarea name='text'>
<input name='example_image'>
<button type="submit">
</form>

js

$(document).on('submit', '.fr', function(){

    $.ajax({ 
        type: 'post', 
        url: url, <--- you insert proper URL path to call your views.py function here.
        enctype: 'multipart/form-data',
        processData: false,
        contentType: false,
        data: new FormData(this) ,
        success: function(data) {
             console.log(data);
        }
        });
        return false;

    });

views.py

form = ThisForm(request.POST, request.FILES)

if form.is_valid():
    text = form.cleaned_data.get("text")
    example_image = request.FILES['example_image']

使用FormData。它真的很好:-) ...

var jform = new FormData();
jform.append('user',$('#user').val());
jform.append('image',$('#image').get(0).files[0]); // Here's the important bit

$.ajax({
    url: '/your-form-processing-page-url-here',
    type: 'POST',
    data: jform,
    dataType: 'json',
    mimeType: 'multipart/form-data', // this too
    contentType: false,
    cache: false,
    processData: false,
    success: function(data, status, jqXHR){
        alert('Hooray! All is well.');
        console.log(data);
        console.log(status);
        console.log(jqXHR);

    },
    error: function(jqXHR,status,error){
        // Hopefully we should never reach here
        console.log(jqXHR);
        console.log(status);
        console.log(error);
    }
});
$("#submit_car").click(function() {
  var formData = new FormData($('#car_cost_form')[0]);
  $.ajax({
     url: 'car_costs.php',
     data: formData,
     contentType: false,
     processData: false,
     cache: false,
     type: 'POST',
     success: function(data) {
       // ...
     },
  });
});

编辑:注意contentype和处理数据您可以简单地使用它通过Ajax上传文件……提交的输入不能在form元素之外:

  • 使用隐藏的iframe,并将表单目标设置为该iframe的名称。这样,提交表单时,仅刷新iframe。
  • 为iframe的load事件注册一个事件处理程序,以解析响应。

使用纯js更容易

async function saveFile(inp) 
{
    let formData = new FormData();           
    formData.append("file", inp.files[0]);
    await fetch('/upload/somedata', {method: "POST", body: formData});    
    alert('success');
}
<input type="file" onchange="saveFile(this)" >
  • 在服务器端,您可以读取原始文件名(和其他信息),该文件名会自动包含在请求中。
  • 您不需要将标题“ Content-Type”设置为“ multipart / form-data”,浏览器将自动对其进行设置
  • 该解决方案应可在所有主要浏览器上使用。

这是带有错误处理和其他json发送功能的更完善的代码段

如许多答案所示,使用FormData是一种方法。这里有一些代码非常适合此目的。我也同意嵌套ajax块以完成复杂情况的评论。通过包含e.PreventDefault(); 以我的经验,该代码使跨浏览器更加兼容。

    $('#UploadB1').click(function(e){        
    e.preventDefault();

    if (!fileupload.valid()) {
        return false;            
    }

    var myformData = new FormData();        
    myformData.append('file', $('#uploadFile')[0].files[0]);

    $("#UpdateMessage5").html("Uploading file ....");
    $("#UpdateMessage5").css("background","url(../include/images/loaderIcon.gif) no-repeat right");

    myformData.append('mode', 'fileUpload');
    myformData.append('myid', $('#myid').val());
    myformData.append('type', $('#fileType').val());
    //formData.append('myfile', file, file.name); 

    $.ajax({
        url: 'include/fetch.php',
        method: 'post',
        processData: false,
        contentType: false,
        cache: false,
        data: myformData,
        enctype: 'multipart/form-data',
        success: function(response){
            $("#UpdateMessage5").html(response); //.delay(2000).hide(1); 
            $("#UpdateMessage5").css("background","");

            console.log("file successfully submitted");
        },error: function(){
            console.log("not okay");
        }
    });
});

在通过Ajax从预览中删除不需要的文件之后,我实现了具有即时预览和上传功能的多个文件选择。

可以在这里找到详细的文档:http : //anasthecoder.blogspot.ae/2014/12/multi-file-select-preview-without.html

演示:http : //jsfiddle.net/anas/6v8Kz/7/embedded/result/

jsFiddle:http : //jsfiddle.net/anas/6v8Kz/7/

Javascript:

    $(document).ready(function(){
    $('form').submit(function(ev){
        $('.overlay').show();
        $(window).scrollTop(0);
        return upload_images_selected(ev, ev.target);
    })
})
function add_new_file_uploader(addBtn) {
    var currentRow = $(addBtn).parent().parent();
    var newRow = $(currentRow).clone();
    $(newRow).find('.previewImage, .imagePreviewTable').hide();
    $(newRow).find('.removeButton').show();
    $(newRow).find('table.imagePreviewTable').find('tr').remove();
    $(newRow).find('input.multipleImageFileInput').val('');
    $(addBtn).parent().parent().parent().append(newRow);
}

function remove_file_uploader(removeBtn) {
    $(removeBtn).parent().parent().remove();
}

function show_image_preview(file_selector) {
    //files selected using current file selector
    var files = file_selector.files;
    //Container of image previews
    var imageContainer = $(file_selector).next('table.imagePreviewTable');
    //Number of images selected
    var number_of_images = files.length;
    //Build image preview row
    var imagePreviewRow = $('<tr class="imagePreviewRow_0"><td valign=top style="width: 510px;"></td>' +
        '<td valign=top><input type="button" value="X" title="Remove Image" class="removeImageButton" imageIndex="0" onclick="remove_selected_image(this)" /></td>' +
        '</tr> ');
    //Add image preview row
    $(imageContainer).html(imagePreviewRow);
    if (number_of_images > 1) {
        for (var i =1; i<number_of_images; i++) {
            /**
             *Generate class name of the respective image container appending index of selected images, 
             *sothat we can match images selected and the one which is previewed
             */
            var newImagePreviewRow = $(imagePreviewRow).clone().removeClass('imagePreviewRow_0').addClass('imagePreviewRow_'+i);
            $(newImagePreviewRow).find('input[type="button"]').attr('imageIndex', i);
            $(imageContainer).append(newImagePreviewRow);
        }
    }
    for (var i = 0; i < files.length; i++) {
        var file = files[i];
        /**
         * Allow only images
         */
        var imageType = /image.*/;
        if (!file.type.match(imageType)) {
          continue;
        }

        /**
         * Create an image dom object dynamically
         */
        var img = document.createElement("img");

        /**
         * Get preview area of the image
         */
        var preview = $(imageContainer).find('tr.imagePreviewRow_'+i).find('td:first');

        /**
         * Append preview of selected image to the corresponding container
         */
        preview.append(img); 

        /**
         * Set style of appended preview(Can be done via css also)
         */
        preview.find('img').addClass('previewImage').css({'max-width': '500px', 'max-height': '500px'});

        /**
         * Initialize file reader
         */
        var reader = new FileReader();
        /**
         * Onload event of file reader assign target image to the preview
         */
        reader.onload = (function(aImg) { return function(e) { aImg.src = e.target.result; }; })(img);
        /**
         * Initiate read
         */
        reader.readAsDataURL(file);
    }
    /**
     * Show preview
     */
    $(imageContainer).show();
}

function remove_selected_image(close_button)
{
    /**
     * Remove this image from preview
     */
    var imageIndex = $(close_button).attr('imageindex');
    $(close_button).parents('.imagePreviewRow_' + imageIndex).remove();
}

function upload_images_selected(event, formObj)
{
    event.preventDefault();
    //Get number of images
    var imageCount = $('.previewImage').length;
    //Get all multi select inputs
    var fileInputs = document.querySelectorAll('.multipleImageFileInput');
    //Url where the image is to be uploaded
    var url= "/upload-directory/";
    //Get number of inputs
    var number_of_inputs = $(fileInputs).length; 
    var inputCount = 0;

    //Iterate through each file selector input
    $(fileInputs).each(function(index, input){

        fileList = input.files;
        // Create a new FormData object.
        var formData = new FormData();
        //Extra parameters can be added to the form data object
        formData.append('bulk_upload', '1');
        formData.append('username', $('input[name="username"]').val());
        //Iterate throug each images selected by each file selector and find if the image is present in the preview
        for (var i = 0; i < fileList.length; i++) {
            if ($(input).next('.imagePreviewTable').find('.imagePreviewRow_'+i).length != 0) {
                var file = fileList[i];
                // Check the file type.
                if (!file.type.match('image.*')) {
                    continue;
                }
                // Add the file to the request.
                formData.append('image_uploader_multiple[' +(inputCount++)+ ']', file, file.name);
            }
        }
        // Set up the request.
        var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
        xhr.open('POST', url, true);
        xhr.onload = function () {
            if (xhr.status === 200) {
                var jsonResponse = JSON.parse(xhr.responseText);
                if (jsonResponse.status == 1) {
                    $(jsonResponse.file_info).each(function(){
                        //Iterate through response and find data corresponding to each file uploaded
                        var uploaded_file_name = this.original;
                        var saved_file_name = this.target;
                        var file_name_input = '<input type="hidden" class="image_name" name="image_names[]" value="' +saved_file_name+ '" />';
                        file_info_container.append(file_name_input);

                        imageCount--;
                    })
                    //Decrement count of inputs to find all images selected by all multi select are uploaded
                    number_of_inputs--;
                    if(number_of_inputs == 0) {
                        //All images selected by each file selector is uploaded
                        //Do necessary acteion post upload
                        $('.overlay').hide();
                    }
                } else {
                    if (typeof jsonResponse.error_field_name != 'undefined') {
                        //Do appropriate error action
                    } else {
                        alert(jsonResponse.message);
                    }
                    $('.overlay').hide();
                    event.preventDefault();
                    return false;
                }
            } else {
                /*alert('Something went wrong!');*/
                $('.overlay').hide();
                event.preventDefault();
            }
        };
        xhr.send(formData);
    })

    return false;
}

我已经用一个简单的代码处理了这些。您可以从此处下载有效的演示

对于您的情况,这些很有可能。我将逐步指导您如何使用AJAX jquery将文件上传到服务器。

首先,让我们创建一个HTML文件,以添加以下表单文件元素,如下所示。

<form action="" id="formContent" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data" >
         <input  type="file" name="file"  required id="upload">
         <button class="submitI" >Upload Image</button> 
</form>

其次,创建一个jquery.js文件,并添加以下代码来处理我们向服务器提交的文件

    $("#formContent").submit(function(e){
        e.preventDefault();

    var formdata = new FormData(this);

        $.ajax({
            url: "ajax_upload_image.php",
            type: "POST",
            data: formdata,
            mimeTypes:"multipart/form-data",
            contentType: false,
            cache: false,
            processData: false,
            success: function(){
                alert("file successfully submitted");
            },error: function(){
                alert("okey");
            }
         });
      });
    });

到此为止。查看更多

是的,您可以,只需使用JavaScript即可获取文件,并确保将文件作为数据URL读取。解析base64之前的内容以实际获取base 64编码的数据,然后,如果您使用的是php或其他任何后端语言,则可以解码base 64数据并保存到如下所示的文件中

Javascript:
var reader = new FileReader();
reader.onloadend = function ()
{
  dataToBeSent = reader.result.split("base64,")[1];
  $.post(url, {data:dataToBeSent});
}
reader.readAsDataURL(this.files[0]);


PHP:
    file_put_contents('my.pdf', base64_decode($_POST["data"]));

当然,您可能需要进行一些验证,例如检查要处理的文件类型以及类似的内容,但这就是这个主意。

<html>
    <head>
        <title>Ajax file upload</title>
        <script src="http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.11.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
        <script>
            $(document).ready(function (e) {
            $("#uploadimage").on('submit', (function(e) {
            e.preventDefault();
                    $.ajax({
                    url: "upload.php", // Url to which the request is send
                            type: "POST", // Type of request to be send, called as method
                            data: new FormData(this), // Data sent to server, a set of key/value pairs (i.e. form fields and values)
                            contentType: false, // The content type used when sending data to the server.
                            cache: false, // To unable request pages to be cached
                            processData:false, // To send DOMDocument or non processed data file it is set to false
                            success: function(data)   // A function to be called if request succeeds
                            {
                            alert(data);
                            }
                    });
            }));
        </script>
    </head>
    <body>
        <div class="main">
            <h1>Ajax Image Upload</h1><br/>
            <hr>
            <form id="uploadimage" action="" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
                <div id="image_preview"><img id="previewing" src="noimage.png" /></div>
                <hr id="line">
                <div id="selectImage">
                    <label>Select Your Image</label><br/>
                    <input type="file" name="file" id="file" required />
                    <input type="submit" value="Upload" class="submit" />
                </div>
            </form>
        </div>
    </body>
</html>

要使用jquery上传用户提交的文件作为表单的一部分,请遵循以下代码:

var formData = new FormData();
formData.append("userfile", fileInputElement.files[0]);

然后将表单数据对象发送到服务器。

我们还可以将File或Blob直接附加到FormData对象。

data.append("myfile", myBlob, "filename.txt");

您可以按以下方式使用ajaxSubmit方法:)选择需要上传到服务器的文件,然后将其提交到服务器:)

$(document).ready(function () {
    var options = {
    target: '#output',   // target element(s) to be updated with server response
    timeout: 30000,
    error: function (jqXHR, textStatus) {
            $('#output').html('have any error');
            return false;
        }
    },
    success: afterSuccess,  // post-submit callback
    resetForm: true
            // reset the form after successful submit
};

$('#idOfInputFile').on('change', function () {
    $('#idOfForm').ajaxSubmit(options);
    // always return false to prevent standard browser submit and page navigation
    return false;
});
});

要获取所有表单输入,包括type =“ file”,您需要使用FormData对象提交表单后,您将能够在调试器->网络->标头中查看formData内容

var url = "YOUR_URL";

var form = $('#YOUR_FORM_ID')[0];
var formData = new FormData(form);


$.ajax(url, {
    method: 'post',
    processData: false,
    contentType: false,
    data: formData
}).done(function(data){
    if (data.success){ 
        alert("Files uploaded");
    } else {
        alert("Error while uploading the files");
    }
}).fail(function(data){
    console.log(data);
    alert("Error while uploading the files");
});

如果要使用AJAX上传文件,则可以使用以下代码进行文件上传。

$(document).ready(function() {
    var options = { 
                beforeSubmit:  showRequest,
        success:       showResponse,
        dataType: 'json' 
        }; 
    $('body').delegate('#image','change', function(){
        $('#upload').ajaxForm(options).submit();        
    }); 
});     
function showRequest(formData, jqForm, options) { 
    $("#validation-errors").hide().empty();
    $("#output").css('display','none');
    return true; 
} 
function showResponse(response, statusText, xhr, $form)  { 
    if(response.success == false)
    {
        var arr = response.errors;
        $.each(arr, function(index, value)
        {
            if (value.length != 0)
            {
                $("#validation-errors").append('<div class="alert alert-error"><strong>'+ value +'</strong><div>');
            }
        });
        $("#validation-errors").show();
    } else {
         $("#output").html("<img src='"+response.file+"' />");
         $("#output").css('display','block');
    }
}

这是用于上传文件的HTML

<form class="form-horizontal" id="upload" enctype="multipart/form-data" method="post" action="upload/image'" autocomplete="off">
    <input type="file" name="image" id="image" /> 
</form>
var dataform = new FormData($("#myform")[0]);
//console.log(dataform);
$.ajax({
    url: 'url',
    type: 'POST',
    data: dataform,
    async: false,
    success: function(res) {
        response data;
    },
    cache: false,
    contentType: false,
    processData: false
});

这是我在想的一个主意:

Have an iframe on page and have a referencer.

具有将INPUT:File元素移动到的形式。

Form:  A processing page AND a target of the FRAME.

结果将发布到框架,然后您可以使用以下方式将获取的数据向上一级发送到所需的图像标签:

data:image/png;base64,asdfasdfasdfasdfa

并加载页面。

我相信它对我有用,并且取决于您是否可以执行以下操作:

.aftersubmit(function(){
    stopPropigation()// or some other code which would prevent a refresh.
});
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