JSON.stringify以漂亮的打印方式输出到div

2020/10/24 18:41 · javascript ·  · 0评论

JSON.stringify是一个json对象

result = JSON.stringify(message, my_json, 2)

2上面的说法应该是相当打印结果。如果我做类似的事情,它就是这样做的alert(result)但是,我想通过将其附加到div中来输出给用户。当我这样做时,我只会显示一行。(我认为它不起作用,因为中断和空格未解释为html?)

{ "data": { "x": "1", "y": "1", "url": "http://url.com" }, "event": "start", "show": 1, "id": 50 }

有没有办法以JSON.stringify漂亮的打印方式将结果输出到div?

请使用<pre> 标签

演示:http : //jsfiddle.net/K83cK/

var data = {
  "data": {
    "x": "1",
    "y": "1",
    "url": "http://url.com"
  },
  "event": "start",
  "show": 1,
  "id": 50
}


document.getElementById("json").textContent = JSON.stringify(data, undefined, 2);
<pre id="json"></pre>

确保JSON输出在<pre>标记中。

完全公开我是此程序包的作者,但以可读方式输出JSON或JavaScript对象并能够跳过部分,折叠它们等的另一种方法是nodedumphttps://github.com/ragamufin/nodedump

我的建议基于:

  • 将每个'\ n'(换行符)替换为<br>
  • 用&nbsp;替换每个空格
var x = { "data": { "x": "1", "y": "1", "url": "http://url.com" }, "event": "start", "show": 1, "id": 50 };


document.querySelector('#newquote').innerHTML = JSON.stringify(x, null, 6)
     .replace(/\n( *)/g, function (match, p1) {
         return '<br>' + '&nbsp;'.repeat(p1.length);
     });
<div id="newquote"></div>

如果您的<pre>标签显示的是单行JSON,因为这是已经提供了字符串的方式(通过api或控件之外的某些函数/页面),则可以这样重新设置其格式:

HTML:

<pre id="json">{"some":"JSON string"}</pre>

JavaScript:

    (function() {
        var element = document.getElementById("json");
        var obj = JSON.parse(element.innerText);
        element.innerHTML = JSON.stringify(obj, undefined, 2);
    })();

或jQuery:

    $(formatJson);

    function formatJson() {
        var element = $("#json");
        var obj = JSON.parse(element.text());
        element.html(JSON.stringify(obj, undefined, 2));
    }

如果这真的是给用户的,那不只是输出文本,还可以使用像https://github.com/padolsey/prettyprint.js这样的库将其输出为HTML表。

考虑您的REST API返回:

{"Intent":{"Command":"search","SubIntent":null}}

然后,您可以执行以下操作以漂亮的格式打印它:

<pre id="ciResponseText">Output will de displayed here.</pre>   

var ciResponseText = document.getElementById('ciResponseText');
var obj = JSON.parse(http.response);
ciResponseText.innerHTML = JSON.stringify(obj, undefined, 2);   

使用样式white-space: pre<pre>标签也修改这可能是不可取的文本格式。

您可以尝试以下存储库:https : //github.com/amelki/json-pretty-html

使用JSX打印组件的状态

render() {
  return (
    <div>
      <h1>Adopt Me!</h1>
      <pre>
        <code>{JSON.stringify(this.state, null, 4)}</code>
      </pre>
    </div>
  );
}

串化

对于那些想要显示可折叠json的人可以使用renderjson

这是通过在HTML中嵌入render js javascript的示例

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>

<head>
    <script type="application/javascript">
        // Copyright © 2013-2014 David Caldwell <david@porkrind.org>
        //
        // Permission to use, copy, modify, and/or distribute this software for any
        // purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
        // copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
        //
        // THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND THE AUTHOR DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES
        // WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
        // MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY
        // SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES
        // WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION
        // OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN
        // CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.

        // Usage
        // -----
        // The module exports one entry point, the `renderjson()` function. It takes in
        // the JSON you want to render as a single argument and returns an HTML
        // element.
        //
        // Options
        // -------
        // renderjson.set_icons("+", "-")
        //   This Allows you to override the disclosure icons.
        //
        // renderjson.set_show_to_level(level)
        //   Pass the number of levels to expand when rendering. The default is 0, which
        //   starts with everything collapsed. As a special case, if level is the string
        //   "all" then it will start with everything expanded.
        //
        // renderjson.set_max_string_length(length)
        //   Strings will be truncated and made expandable if they are longer than
        //   `length`. As a special case, if `length` is the string "none" then
        //   there will be no truncation. The default is "none".
        //
        // renderjson.set_sort_objects(sort_bool)
        //   Sort objects by key (default: false)
        //
        // Theming
        // -------
        // The HTML output uses a number of classes so that you can theme it the way
        // you'd like:
        //     .disclosure    ("⊕", "⊖")
        //     .syntax        (",", ":", "{", "}", "[", "]")
        //     .string        (includes quotes)
        //     .number
        //     .boolean
        //     .key           (object key)
        //     .keyword       ("null", "undefined")
        //     .object.syntax ("{", "}")
        //     .array.syntax  ("[", "]")

        var module;
        (module || {}).exports = renderjson = (function () {
            var themetext = function (/* [class, text]+ */) {
                var spans = [];
                while (arguments.length)
                    spans.push(append(span(Array.prototype.shift.call(arguments)),
                        text(Array.prototype.shift.call(arguments))));
                return spans;
            };
            var append = function (/* el, ... */) {
                var el = Array.prototype.shift.call(arguments);
                for (var a = 0; a < arguments.length; a++)
                    if (arguments[a].constructor == Array)
                        append.apply(this, [el].concat(arguments[a]));
                    else
                        el.appendChild(arguments[a]);
                return el;
            };
            var prepend = function (el, child) {
                el.insertBefore(child, el.firstChild);
                return el;
            }
            var isempty = function (obj) {
                for (var k in obj) if (obj.hasOwnProperty(k)) return false;
                return true;
            }
            var text = function (txt) { return document.createTextNode(txt) };
            var div = function () { return document.createElement("div") };
            var span = function (classname) {
                var s = document.createElement("span");
                if (classname) s.className = classname;
                return s;
            };
            var A = function A(txt, classname, callback) {
                var a = document.createElement("a");
                if (classname) a.className = classname;
                a.appendChild(text(txt));
                a.href = '#';
                a.onclick = function () { callback(); return false; };
                return a;
            };

            function _renderjson(json, indent, dont_indent, show_level, max_string, sort_objects) {
                var my_indent = dont_indent ? "" : indent;

                var disclosure = function (open, placeholder, close, type, builder) {
                    var content;
                    var empty = span(type);
                    var show = function () {
                        if (!content) append(empty.parentNode,
                            content = prepend(builder(),
                                A(renderjson.hide, "disclosure",
                                    function () {
                                        content.style.display = "none";
                                        empty.style.display = "inline";
                                    })));
                        content.style.display = "inline";
                        empty.style.display = "none";
                    };
                    append(empty,
                        A(renderjson.show, "disclosure", show),
                        themetext(type + " syntax", open),
                        A(placeholder, null, show),
                        themetext(type + " syntax", close));

                    var el = append(span(), text(my_indent.slice(0, -1)), empty);
                    if (show_level > 0)
                        show();
                    return el;
                };

                if (json === null) return themetext(null, my_indent, "keyword", "null");
                if (json === void 0) return themetext(null, my_indent, "keyword", "undefined");

                if (typeof (json) == "string" && json.length > max_string)
                    return disclosure('"', json.substr(0, max_string) + " ...", '"', "string", function () {
                        return append(span("string"), themetext(null, my_indent, "string", JSON.stringify(json)));
                    });

                if (typeof (json) != "object") // Strings, numbers and bools
                    return themetext(null, my_indent, typeof (json), JSON.stringify(json));

                if (json.constructor == Array) {
                    if (json.length == 0) return themetext(null, my_indent, "array syntax", "[]");

                    return disclosure("[", " ... ", "]", "array", function () {
                        var as = append(span("array"), themetext("array syntax", "[", null, "\n"));
                        for (var i = 0; i < json.length; i++)
                            append(as,
                                _renderjson(json[i], indent + "    ", false, show_level - 1, max_string, sort_objects),
                                i != json.length - 1 ? themetext("syntax", ",") : [],
                                text("\n"));
                        append(as, themetext(null, indent, "array syntax", "]"));
                        return as;
                    });
                }

                // object
                if (isempty(json))
                    return themetext(null, my_indent, "object syntax", "{}");

                return disclosure("{", "...", "}", "object", function () {
                    var os = append(span("object"), themetext("object syntax", "{", null, "\n"));
                    for (var k in json) var last = k;
                    var keys = Object.keys(json);
                    if (sort_objects)
                        keys = keys.sort();
                    for (var i in keys) {
                        var k = keys[i];
                        append(os, themetext(null, indent + "    ", "key", '"' + k + '"', "object syntax", ': '),
                            _renderjson(json[k], indent + "    ", true, show_level - 1, max_string, sort_objects),
                            k != last ? themetext("syntax", ",") : [],
                            text("\n"));
                    }
                    append(os, themetext(null, indent, "object syntax", "}"));
                    return os;
                });
            }

            var renderjson = function renderjson(json) {
                var pre = append(document.createElement("pre"), _renderjson(json, "", false, renderjson.show_to_level, renderjson.max_string_length, renderjson.sort_objects));
                pre.className = "renderjson";
                return pre;
            }
            renderjson.set_icons = function (show, hide) {
                renderjson.show = show;
                renderjson.hide = hide;
                return renderjson;
            };
            renderjson.set_show_to_level = function (level) {
                renderjson.show_to_level = typeof level == "string" &&
                    level.toLowerCase() === "all" ? Number.MAX_VALUE
                    : level;
                return renderjson;
            };
            renderjson.set_max_string_length = function (length) {
                renderjson.max_string_length = typeof length == "string" &&
                    length.toLowerCase() === "none" ? Number.MAX_VALUE
                    : length;
                return renderjson;
            };
            renderjson.set_sort_objects = function (sort_bool) {
                renderjson.sort_objects = sort_bool;
                return renderjson;
            };
            // Backwards compatiblity. Use set_show_to_level() for new code.
            renderjson.set_show_by_default = function (show) {
                renderjson.show_to_level = show ? Number.MAX_VALUE : 0;
                return renderjson;
            };
            renderjson.set_icons('⊕', '⊖');
            renderjson.set_show_by_default(false);
            renderjson.set_sort_objects(false);
            renderjson.set_max_string_length("none");
            return renderjson;
        })();
    </script>

</head>


<body>
    <div id="dest"></div>
</body>
<script type="application/javascript">
    document.getElementById("dest").appendChild(
        renderjson.set_show_by_default(true)
            //.set_show_to_level(2)
            //.set_sort_objects(true)
            //.set_icons('+', '-')
            .set_max_string_length(100)
            ([
                {
                    "glossary": {
                        "title": "example glossary",
                        "GlossDiv": {
                            "title": "S",
                            "GlossList": {
                                "GlossEntry": {
                                    "ID": "SGML",
                                    "SortAs": "SGML",
                                    "GlossTerm": "Standard Generalized Markup Language",
                                    "Acronym": "SGML",
                                    "Abbrev": "ISO 8879:1986",
                                    "GlossDef": {
                                        "para": "A meta-markup language, used to create markup languages such as DocBook.",
                                        "GlossSeeAlso": ["GML", "XML"]
                                    },
                                    "GlossSee": "markup"
                                }
                            }
                        }
                    }
                },
                {
                    "menu": {
                        "id": "file",
                        "value": "File",
                        "popup": {
                            "menuitem": [
                                { "value": "New", "onclick": "CreateNewDoc()" },
                                { "value": "Open", "onclick": "OpenDoc()" },
                                { "value": "Close", "onclick": "CloseDoc()" }
                            ]
                        }
                    }
                },

                {
                    "widget": {
                        "debug": "on",
                        "window": {
                            "title": "Sample Konfabulator Widget",
                            "name": "main_window",
                            "width": 500,
                            "height": 500
                        },
                        "image": {
                            "src": "Images/Sun.png",
                            "name": "sun1",
                            "hOffset": 250,
                            "vOffset": 250,
                            "alignment": "center"
                        },
                        "text": {
                            "data": "Click Here",
                            "size": 36,
                            "style": "bold",
                            "name": "text1",
                            "hOffset": 250,
                            "vOffset": 100,
                            "alignment": "center",
                            "onMouseUp": "sun1.opacity = (sun1.opacity / 100) * 90;"
                        }
                    }
                },

                {
                    "web-app": {
                        "servlet": [
                            {
                                "servlet-name": "cofaxCDS",
                                "servlet-class": "org.cofax.cds.CDSServlet",
                                "init-param": {
                                    "configGlossary:installationAt": "Philadelphia, PA",
                                    "configGlossary:adminEmail": "ksm@pobox.com",
                                    "configGlossary:poweredBy": "Cofax",
                                    "configGlossary:poweredByIcon": "/images/cofax.gif",
                                    "configGlossary:staticPath": "/content/static",
                                    "templateProcessorClass": "org.cofax.WysiwygTemplate",
                                    "templateLoaderClass": "org.cofax.FilesTemplateLoader",
                                    "templatePath": "templates",
                                    "templateOverridePath": "",
                                    "defaultListTemplate": "listTemplate.htm",
                                    "defaultFileTemplate": "articleTemplate.htm",
                                    "useJSP": false,
                                    "jspListTemplate": "listTemplate.jsp",
                                    "jspFileTemplate": "articleTemplate.jsp",
                                    "cachePackageTagsTrack": 200,
                                    "cachePackageTagsStore": 200,
                                    "cachePackageTagsRefresh": 60,
                                    "cacheTemplatesTrack": 100,
                                    "cacheTemplatesStore": 50,
                                    "cacheTemplatesRefresh": 15,
                                    "cachePagesTrack": 200,
                                    "cachePagesStore": 100,
                                    "cachePagesRefresh": 10,
                                    "cachePagesDirtyRead": 10,
                                    "searchEngineListTemplate": "forSearchEnginesList.htm",
                                    "searchEngineFileTemplate": "forSearchEngines.htm",
                                    "searchEngineRobotsDb": "WEB-INF/robots.db",
                                    "useDataStore": true,
                                    "dataStoreClass": "org.cofax.SqlDataStore",
                                    "redirectionClass": "org.cofax.SqlRedirection",
                                    "dataStoreName": "cofax",
                                    "dataStoreDriver": "com.microsoft.jdbc.sqlserver.SQLServerDriver",
                                    "dataStoreUrl": "jdbc:microsoft:sqlserver://LOCALHOST:1433;DatabaseName=goon",
                                    "dataStoreUser": "sa",
                                    "dataStorePassword": "dataStoreTestQuery",
                                    "dataStoreTestQuery": "SET NOCOUNT ON;select test='test';",
                                    "dataStoreLogFile": "/usr/local/tomcat/logs/datastore.log",
                                    "dataStoreInitConns": 10,
                                    "dataStoreMaxConns": 100,
                                    "dataStoreConnUsageLimit": 100,
                                    "dataStoreLogLevel": "debug",
                                    "maxUrlLength": 500
                                }
                            },
                            {
                                "servlet-name": "cofaxEmail",
                                "servlet-class": "org.cofax.cds.EmailServlet",
                                "init-param": {
                                    "mailHost": "mail1",
                                    "mailHostOverride": "mail2"
                                }
                            },
                            {
                                "servlet-name": "cofaxAdmin",
                                "servlet-class": "org.cofax.cds.AdminServlet"
                            },

                            {
                                "servlet-name": "fileServlet",
                                "servlet-class": "org.cofax.cds.FileServlet"
                            },
                            {
                                "servlet-name": "cofaxTools",
                                "servlet-class": "org.cofax.cms.CofaxToolsServlet",
                                "init-param": {
                                    "templatePath": "toolstemplates/",
                                    "log": 1,
                                    "logLocation": "/usr/local/tomcat/logs/CofaxTools.log",
                                    "logMaxSize": "",
                                    "dataLog": 1,
                                    "dataLogLocation": "/usr/local/tomcat/logs/dataLog.log",
                                    "dataLogMaxSize": "",
                                    "removePageCache": "/content/admin/remove?cache=pages&id=",
                                    "removeTemplateCache": "/content/admin/remove?cache=templates&id=",
                                    "fileTransferFolder": "/usr/local/tomcat/webapps/content/fileTransferFolder",
                                    "lookInContext": 1,
                                    "adminGroupID": 4,
                                    "betaServer": true
                                }
                            }],
                        "servlet-mapping": {
                            "cofaxCDS": "/",
                            "cofaxEmail": "/cofaxutil/aemail/*",
                            "cofaxAdmin": "/admin/*",
                            "fileServlet": "/static/*",
                            "cofaxTools": "/tools/*"
                        },

                        "taglib": {
                            "taglib-uri": "cofax.tld",
                            "taglib-location": "/WEB-INF/tlds/cofax.tld"
                        }
                    }
                },

                {
                    "menu": {
                        "header": "SVG Viewer",
                        "items": [
                            { "id": "Open" },
                            { "id": "OpenNew", "label": "Open New" },
                            null,
                            { "id": "ZoomIn", "label": "Zoom In" },
                            { "id": "ZoomOut", "label": "Zoom Out" },
                            { "id": "OriginalView", "label": "Original View" },
                            null,
                            { "id": "Quality" },
                            { "id": "Pause" },
                            { "id": "Mute" },
                            null,
                            { "id": "Find", "label": "Find..." },
                            { "id": "FindAgain", "label": "Find Again" },
                            { "id": "Copy" },
                            { "id": "CopyAgain", "label": "Copy Again" },
                            { "id": "CopySVG", "label": "Copy SVG" },
                            { "id": "ViewSVG", "label": "View SVG" },
                            { "id": "ViewSource", "label": "View Source" },
                            { "id": "SaveAs", "label": "Save As" },
                            null,
                            { "id": "Help" },
                            { "id": "About", "label": "About Adobe CVG Viewer..." }
                        ]
                    }
                },
                {
                    "empty": {
                        "object": {},
                        "array": []
                    }
                },
                {
                    "really_long": "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nulla posuere, orci quis laoreet luctus, nunc neque condimentum arcu, sed tristique sem erat non libero. Morbi et velit non justo rutrum pulvinar. Nam pellentesque laoreet lacus eget sollicitudin. Quisque maximus mattis nisl, eget tempor nisi pulvinar et. Nullam accumsan sapien sapien, non gravida turpis consectetur non. Etiam in vestibulum neque. Donec porta dui sit amet turpis efficitur laoreet. Duis eu convallis ex, vel volutpat lacus. Donec sit amet nunc a orci fermentum luctus."
                }
            ]));
</script>

</html>

很多人对这些问题做出非常奇怪的回答,从而使工作量大大超出了需要。

最简单的方法包括以下内容

  1. 使用JSON.parse(value)解析JSON字符串
  2. 将已解析的字符串转换成一种不错的格式-JSON.stringify(input,undefined,2)
  3. 将输出设置为步骤2的值。

在实际代码中,将是一个示例(将所有步骤组合在一起):

    var input = document.getElementById("input").value;
    document.getElementById("output").value = JSON.stringify(JSON.parse(input),undefined,2);

output.value将是您要显示美化JSON的区域。

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