具有固定标题的HTML表?

2020/10/11 19:22 · javascript ·  · 0评论

是否有跨浏览器的CSS / JavaScript技术来显示较长的HTML表,以使列标题在屏幕上保持固定并且不随表主体滚动。考虑一下Microsoft Excel中的“冻结窗格”效果。

我希望能够滚动浏览表的内容,但始终能够看到顶部的列标题。

一段时间以来,我一直在寻找解决方案,但发现大多数答案都不起作用或不适合我的情况,因此我用jQuery写了一个简单的解决方案。

这是解决方案概述:

  1. 克隆需要具有固定标题的表,然后将克隆的副本放置在原始副本的顶部。
  2. 从顶部桌子上取下桌子主体。
  3. 从底部表格中删除表格标题。
  4. 调整列宽。(我们会跟踪原始列宽)

以下是可运行演示中的代码。

function scrolify(tblAsJQueryObject, height) {
  var oTbl = tblAsJQueryObject;

  // for very large tables you can remove the four lines below
  // and wrap the table with <div> in the mark-up and assign
  // height and overflow property  
  var oTblDiv = $("<div/>");
  oTblDiv.css('height', height);
  oTblDiv.css('overflow', 'scroll');
  oTbl.wrap(oTblDiv);

  // save original width
  oTbl.attr("data-item-original-width", oTbl.width());
  oTbl.find('thead tr td').each(function() {
    $(this).attr("data-item-original-width", $(this).width());
  });
  oTbl.find('tbody tr:eq(0) td').each(function() {
    $(this).attr("data-item-original-width", $(this).width());
  });


  // clone the original table
  var newTbl = oTbl.clone();

  // remove table header from original table
  oTbl.find('thead tr').remove();
  // remove table body from new table
  newTbl.find('tbody tr').remove();

  oTbl.parent().parent().prepend(newTbl);
  newTbl.wrap("<div/>");

  // replace ORIGINAL COLUMN width				
  newTbl.width(newTbl.attr('data-item-original-width'));
  newTbl.find('thead tr td').each(function() {
    $(this).width($(this).attr("data-item-original-width"));
  });
  oTbl.width(oTbl.attr('data-item-original-width'));
  oTbl.find('tbody tr:eq(0) td').each(function() {
    $(this).width($(this).attr("data-item-original-width"));
  });
}

$(document).ready(function() {
  scrolify($('#tblNeedsScrolling'), 160); // 160 is height
});
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.6.4/jquery.min.js"></script>

<div style="width:300px;border:6px green solid;">
  <table border="1" width="100%" id="tblNeedsScrolling">
    <thead>
      <tr><th>Header 1</th><th>Header 2</th></tr>
    </thead>
    <tbody>
      <tr><td>row 1, cell 1</td><td>row 1, cell 2</td></tr>
      <tr><td>row 2, cell 1</td><td>row 2, cell 2</td></tr>
      <tr><td>row 3, cell 1</td><td>row 3, cell 2</td></tr>
      <tr><td>row 4, cell 1</td><td>row 4, cell 2</td></tr>			
      <tr><td>row 5, cell 1</td><td>row 5, cell 2</td></tr>
      <tr><td>row 6, cell 1</td><td>row 6, cell 2</td></tr>
      <tr><td>row 7, cell 1</td><td>row 7, cell 2</td></tr>
      <tr><td>row 8, cell 1</td><td>row 8, cell 2</td></tr>			
    </tbody>
  </table>
</div>

此解决方案可在Chrome和IE中使用。由于它基于jQuery,因此它也应该在其他受jQuery支持的浏览器中也可以使用。

这可以用四行代码来彻底解决。

如果您只关心现代浏览器,则可以使用CSS转换轻松实现固定标头。听起来很奇怪,但效果很好:

  • HTML和CSS保持不变。
  • 没有外部JavaScript依赖性。
  • 四行代码。
  • 适用于所有配置(表布局:固定等)。
document.getElementById("wrap").addEventListener("scroll", function(){
   var translate = "translate(0,"+this.scrollTop+"px)";
   this.querySelector("thead").style.transform = translate;
});

除Internet Explorer 8之外,对CSS转换的支持广泛可用

这是完整的示例供参考:

我刚刚完成一个jQuery插件的组装,该插件将使用有效的HTML来获取有效的单个表(必须具有thead和tbody),并将输出具有固定页眉,可选固定页脚的表,该页脚可以是克隆的页眉,也可以是任何您选择的内容(分页等)。如果要利用较大的显示器,则在调整浏览器大小时,它还将调整表的大小。如果表的列不能全部容纳在视图中,则另一个附加功能是可以侧向滚动。

http://fixedheadertable.com/

在github上:http : //markmalek.github.com/Fixed-Header-Table/

设置非常容易,您可以为其创建自定义样式。它还在所有浏览器中使用圆角。请记住,我刚刚发布了它,因此从技术上来说它仍然是beta版,我要解决的问题很少。

它适用于Internet Explorer 7,Internet Explorer 8,Safari,Firefox和Chrome。

我还创建了一个可解决此问题的插件。我的项目jQuery.floatThead已经存在了4年多了,并且非常成熟。

它不需要外部样式,也不希望您的表以任何特定方式设置样式。它支持Internet Explorer9 +和Firefox / Chrome。

目前(2018-05)它具有:

GitHub上的405次提交和998星


这里的很多(不是全部)答案都是快速破解,可能解决了一个人遇到的问题,但并不能在每个桌子上都起作用。

其他一些插件较旧,可能与Internet Explorer兼容,但在Firefox和Chrome上将无法使用。

TL; DR

如果您以现代浏览器为目标并且对样式的需求不高,请访问:http : //jsfiddle.net/dPixie/byB9d/3/ ...尽管前四个版本也很不错,但该版本在处理宽度方面要好得多。

大家好消息!

随着HTML5和CSS3的发展,现在已经成为可能,至少对于现代浏览器而言。我想出的有点黑的实现可以在这里找到:http : //jsfiddle.net/dPixie/byB9d/3/我已经在FX 25,Chrome 31和IE 10中对其进行了测试...

相关HTML(不过,在文档顶部插入HTML5文档类型):

html,
body {
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
  height: 100%;
}

section {
  position: relative;
  border: 1px solid #000;
  padding-top: 37px;
  background: #500;
}

section.positioned {
  position: absolute;
  top: 100px;
  left: 100px;
  width: 800px;
  box-shadow: 0 0 15px #333;
}

.container {
  overflow-y: auto;
  height: 200px;
}

table {
  border-spacing: 0;
  width: 100%;
}

td+td {
  border-left: 1px solid #eee;
}

td,
th {
  border-bottom: 1px solid #eee;
  background: #ddd;
  color: #000;
  padding: 10px 25px;
}

th {
  height: 0;
  line-height: 0;
  padding-top: 0;
  padding-bottom: 0;
  color: transparent;
  border: none;
  white-space: nowrap;
}

th div {
  position: absolute;
  background: transparent;
  color: #fff;
  padding: 9px 25px;
  top: 0;
  margin-left: -25px;
  line-height: normal;
  border-left: 1px solid #800;
}

th:first-child div {
  border: none;
}
<section class="positioned">
  <div class="container">
    <table>
      <thead>
        <tr class="header">
          <th>
            Table attribute name
            <div>Table attribute name</div>
          </th>
          <th>
            Value
            <div>Value</div>
          </th>
          <th>
            Description
            <div>Description</div>
          </th>
        </tr>
      </thead>
      <tbody>
        <tr>
          <td>align</td>
          <td>left, center, right</td>
          <td>Not supported in HTML5. Deprecated in HTML 4.01. Specifies the alignment of a table according to surrounding text</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
          <td>bgcolor</td>
          <td>rgb(x,x,x), #xxxxxx, colorname</td>
          <td>Not supported in HTML5. Deprecated in HTML 4.01. Specifies the background color for a table</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
          <td>border</td>
          <td>1,""</td>
          <td>Specifies whether the table cells should have borders or not</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
          <td>cellpadding</td>
          <td>pixels</td>
          <td>Not supported in HTML5. Specifies the space between the cell wall and the cell content</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
          <td>cellspacing</td>
          <td>pixels</td>
          <td>Not supported in HTML5. Specifies the space between cells</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
          <td>frame</td>
          <td>void, above, below, hsides, lhs, rhs, vsides, box, border</td>
          <td>Not supported in HTML5. Specifies which parts of the outside borders that should be visible</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
          <td>rules</td>
          <td>none, groups, rows, cols, all</td>
          <td>Not supported in HTML5. Specifies which parts of the inside borders that should be visible</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
          <td>summary</td>
          <td>text</td>
          <td>Not supported in HTML5. Specifies a summary of the content of a table</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
          <td>width</td>
          <td>pixels, %</td>
          <td>Not supported in HTML5. Specifies the width of a table</td>
        </tr>
      </tbody>
    </table>
  </div>
</section>

但是如何?

简单地说,您有一个表头,您可以通过将其设置为0px高将其隐藏,该表头还包含用作固定头的div。表格的容器在顶部留有足够的空间以容纳绝对定位的标题,并且带有滚动条的表格如您所愿。

上面的代码使用定位的类绝对定位表(我在弹出式对话框中使用它),但是您也可以通过positioned从容器中删除类来在文档流中使用它

但是...

这不是完美的。Firefox拒绝将标题行设置为0px(至少我没有找到任何方法),但顽固地将其保持在至少4px……这不是一个大问题,但是取决于您的样式,它会与边框混淆等。

该表还使用了仿列方法,其中容器本身的背景色用作透明的标题div的背景。

概要

总而言之,取决于您的要求,尤其是边框或复杂的背景,可能会出现样式问题。可计算性也可能存在问题,我尚未在各种各样的浏览器中进行过检查(如果您尝试过,请在您的经验中发表评论),但是我没有找到类似的东西,因此我认为值得发布反正...

从CSS规范之外解决该问题的所有尝试都是我们真正想要的东西的苍白阴影:根据THEAD的隐含承诺进行交付。

很长一段时间以来,这个表格冻结标题问题一直是HTML / CSS的一个开放式伤口。

在一个完美的世界中,将有一个纯CSS解决此问题的方法。不幸的是,似乎没有一个合适的解决方案。

有关此主题的相关标准的讨论包括:

更新:Firefoxposition:sticky版本32。每个人都赢了!

这是用于固定表头的jQuery插件。它允许整个页面滚动,并在到达顶部时冻结标题。它与Twitter Bootstrap很好地配合

GitHub存储库:https : //github.com/oma/table-fixed-header

不只滚动表内容。寻找其他工具,作为其他答案之一。您可以决定最适合您的情况。

CSS属性position: sticky在大多数现代浏览器中都有很好的支持(Edge出现了问题,请参见下文)。

这使我们可以很轻松地解决固定标头的问题:

thead th { position: sticky; top: 0; }

Safari需要供应商前缀:-webkit-sticky

对于Firefox,我必须将min-height: 0父元素添加到一个。我完全忘记了为什么需要这样做。

最不幸的是,Microsoft Edge实施似乎只是半成品。至少,我的测试中有一些闪烁且未对齐的表格单元。该桌子仍然可用,但存在重大美学问题。

这里发布的大多数解决方案都需要jQuery。如果您正在寻找独立于框架的解决方案,请尝试使用Grid:http : //www.matts411.com/post/grid/

它托管在Github上:https : //github.com/mmurph211/Grid

它不仅支持固定的页眉,还支持固定的左列和页脚。

更精致的纯CSS滚动表

到目前为止,我见过的所有纯CSS解决方案(尽管它们可能很聪明)都缺乏一定程度的改进,或者只是在某些情况下无法正常工作。因此,我决定创建自己的...

特征:

  • 它是纯CSS,因此不需要jQuery(就此而言,也不需要任何JavaScript代码)
  • 您可以将表格宽度设置为百分比(又称“流体”)或固定值,或让内容确定其宽度(又称“自动”)
  • 列宽也可以是可变的,固定的或自动的。
  • 列永远不会因水平滚动而与标题不对齐(这是我所见过的其他所有基于CSS的解决方案中都不需要固定宽度的问题)。
  • 与所有流行的桌面浏览器兼容,包括从Internet Explorer还原到版本8的浏览器
  • 清洁,抛光的外观;没有马虎的1像素间隙或未对齐的边框;在所有浏览器中看起来都一样

以下是一些小提琴,它们显示了流畅和自动宽度选项:

  • 流体的宽度和高度(适合屏幕大小):jsFiddle(请注意,在此配置中,滚动条仅在需要时显示,因此您可能必须缩小框架才能看到它)

  • 自动宽度,固定高度(更易于与其他内容集成):jsFiddle

“自动宽度,固定高度”配置可能有更多用例,因此我将在下面发布代码。

/* The following 'html' and 'body' rule sets are required only
   if using a % width or height*/

/*html {
  width: 100%;
  height: 100%;
}*/

body {
  box-sizing: border-box;
  width: 100%;
  height: 100%;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0 20px 0 20px;
  text-align: center;
}
.scrollingtable {
  box-sizing: border-box;
  display: inline-block;
  vertical-align: middle;
  overflow: hidden;
  width: auto; /* If you want a fixed width, set it here, else set to auto */
  min-width: 0/*100%*/; /* If you want a % width, set it here, else set to 0 */
  height: 188px/*100%*/; /* Set table height here; can be fixed value or % */
  min-height: 0/*104px*/; /* If using % height, make this large enough to fit scrollbar arrows + caption + thead */
  font-family: Verdana, Tahoma, sans-serif;
  font-size: 16px;
  line-height: 20px;
  padding: 20px 0 20px 0; /* Need enough padding to make room for caption */
  text-align: left;
  color: black;
}
.scrollingtable * {box-sizing: border-box;}
.scrollingtable > div {
  position: relative;
  border-top: 1px solid black;
  height: 100%;
  padding-top: 20px; /* This determines column header height */
}
.scrollingtable > div:before {
  top: 0;
  background: cornflowerblue; /* Header row background color */
}
.scrollingtable > div:before,
.scrollingtable > div > div:after {
  content: "";
  position: absolute;
  z-index: -1;
  width: 100%;
  height: 100%;
  left: 0;
}
.scrollingtable > div > div {
  min-height: 0/*43px*/; /* If using % height, make this large
                            enough to fit scrollbar arrows */
  max-height: 100%;
  overflow: scroll/*auto*/; /* Set to auto if using fixed
                               or % width; else scroll */
  overflow-x: hidden;
  border: 1px solid black; /* Border around table body */
}
.scrollingtable > div > div:after {background: white;} /* Match page background color */
.scrollingtable > div > div > table {
  width: 100%;
  border-spacing: 0;
  margin-top: -20px; /* Inverse of column header height */
  /*margin-right: 17px;*/ /* Uncomment if using % width */
}
.scrollingtable > div > div > table > caption {
  position: absolute;
  top: -20px; /*inverse of caption height*/
  margin-top: -1px; /*inverse of border-width*/
  width: 100%;
  font-weight: bold;
  text-align: center;
}
.scrollingtable > div > div > table > * > tr > * {padding: 0;}
.scrollingtable > div > div > table > thead {
  vertical-align: bottom;
  white-space: nowrap;
  text-align: center;
}
.scrollingtable > div > div > table > thead > tr > * > div {
  display: inline-block;
  padding: 0 6px 0 6px; /*header cell padding*/
}
.scrollingtable > div > div > table > thead > tr > :first-child:before {
  content: "";
  position: absolute;
  top: 0;
  left: 0;
  height: 20px; /*match column header height*/
  border-left: 1px solid black; /*leftmost header border*/
}
.scrollingtable > div > div > table > thead > tr > * > div[label]:before,
.scrollingtable > div > div > table > thead > tr > * > div > div:first-child,
.scrollingtable > div > div > table > thead > tr > * + :before {
  position: absolute;
  top: 0;
  white-space: pre-wrap;
  color: white; /*header row font color*/
}
.scrollingtable > div > div > table > thead > tr > * > div[label]:before,
.scrollingtable > div > div > table > thead > tr > * > div[label]:after {content: attr(label);}
.scrollingtable > div > div > table > thead > tr > * + :before {
  content: "";
  display: block;
  min-height: 20px; /* Match column header height */
  padding-top: 1px;
  border-left: 1px solid black; /* Borders between header cells */
}
.scrollingtable .scrollbarhead {float: right;}
.scrollingtable .scrollbarhead:before {
  position: absolute;
  width: 100px;
  top: -1px; /* Inverse border-width */
  background: white; /* Match page background color */
}
.scrollingtable > div > div > table > tbody > tr:after {
  content: "";
  display: table-cell;
  position: relative;
  padding: 0;
  border-top: 1px solid black;
  top: -1px; /* Inverse of border width */
}
.scrollingtable > div > div > table > tbody {vertical-align: top;}
.scrollingtable > div > div > table > tbody > tr {background: white;}
.scrollingtable > div > div > table > tbody > tr > * {
  border-bottom: 1px solid black;
  padding: 0 6px 0 6px;
  height: 20px; /* Match column header height */
}
.scrollingtable > div > div > table > tbody:last-of-type > tr:last-child > * {border-bottom: none;}
.scrollingtable > div > div > table > tbody > tr:nth-child(even) {background: gainsboro;} /* Alternate row color */
.scrollingtable > div > div > table > tbody > tr > * + * {border-left: 1px solid black;} /* Borders between body cells */
<div class="scrollingtable">
  <div>
    <div>
      <table>
        <caption>Top Caption</caption>
        <thead>
          <tr>
            <th><div label="Column 1"/></th>
            <th><div label="Column 2"/></th>
            <th><div label="Column 3"/></th>
            <th>
              <!-- More versatile way of doing column label; requires two identical copies of label -->
              <div><div>Column 4</div><div>Column 4</div></div>
            </th>
            <th class="scrollbarhead"/> <!-- ALWAYS ADD THIS EXTRA CELL AT END OF HEADER ROW -->
          </tr>
        </thead>
        <tbody>
          <tr><td>Lorem ipsum</td><td>Dolor</td><td>Sit</td><td>Amet consectetur</td></tr>
          <tr><td>Lorem ipsum</td><td>Dolor</td><td>Sit</td><td>Amet consectetur</td></tr>
          <tr><td>Lorem ipsum</td><td>Dolor</td><td>Sit</td><td>Amet consectetur</td></tr>
          <tr><td>Lorem ipsum</td><td>Dolor</td><td>Sit</td><td>Amet consectetur</td></tr>
          <tr><td>Lorem ipsum</td><td>Dolor</td><td>Sit</td><td>Amet consectetur</td></tr>
          <tr><td>Lorem ipsum</td><td>Dolor</td><td>Sit</td><td>Amet consectetur</td></tr>
          <tr><td>Lorem ipsum</td><td>Dolor</td><td>Sit</td><td>Amet consectetur</td></tr>
          <tr><td>Lorem ipsum</td><td>Dolor</td><td>Sit</td><td>Amet consectetur</td></tr>
          <tr><td>Lorem ipsum</td><td>Dolor</td><td>Sit</td><td>Amet consectetur</td></tr>
          <tr><td>Lorem ipsum</td><td>Dolor</td><td>Sit</td><td>Amet consectetur</td></tr>
          <tr><td>Lorem ipsum</td><td>Dolor</td><td>Sit</td><td>Amet consectetur</td></tr>
          <tr><td>Lorem ipsum</td><td>Dolor</td><td>Sit</td><td>Amet consectetur</td></tr>
        </tbody>
      </table>
    </div>
    Faux bottom caption
  </div>
</div>

<!--[if lte IE 9]><style>.scrollingtable > div > div > table {margin-right: 17px;}</style><![endif]-->

我用来冻结标题行的方法类似于d-Pixie的方法,因此请参阅他的帖子进行解释。该技术存在许多错误和局限性,只能通过堆额外的CSS和一个或多个div容器来解决。

一个简单的jQuery插件

这是Mahes解决方案的一种变体。你可以这样称呼它$('table#foo').scrollableTable();

这个想法是:

  • thead分割tbody成单独的table元素
  • 使它们的像元宽度再次匹配
  • 总结第二tablediv.scrollable
  • 使用CSS进行div.scrollable实际滚动

CSS可能是:

div.scrollable { height: 300px; overflow-y: scroll;}

注意事项

  • 显然,拆分这些表会使标记的语义更少。我不确定这对可访问性有什么影响。
  • 此插件不处理页脚,多个页眉等。
  • 我仅在Chrome版本20中对其进行了测试。

就是说,它适用于我的目的,您可以随意使用和修改它。

这是插件:

jQuery.fn.scrollableTable = function () {
  var $newTable, $oldTable, $scrollableDiv, originalWidths;
  $oldTable = $(this);

  // Once the tables are split, their cell widths may change. 
  // Grab these so we can make the two tables match again.
  originalWidths = $oldTable.find('tr:first td').map(function() {
    return $(this).width();
  });

  $newTable = $oldTable.clone();
  $oldTable.find('tbody').remove();
  $newTable.find('thead').remove();

  $.each([$oldTable, $newTable], function(index, $table) {
    $table.find('tr:first td').each(function(i) {
      $(this).width(originalWidths[i]);
    });
  });

  $scrollableDiv = $('<div/>').addClass('scrollable');
  $newTable.insertAfter($oldTable).wrap($scrollableDiv);
};

:)

不太干净,但是纯HTML / CSS解决方案。

table {
    overflow-x:scroll;
}

tbody {
    max-height: /*your desired max height*/
    overflow-y:scroll;
    display:block;
}

针对IE8 + JSFiddle示例进行了更新

支持固定页脚

我扩展了Nathan的功能,以支持固定的页脚和最大高度。另外,该函数将设置CSS本身,而您只需要支持宽度即可。

用法:

固定高度:

$('table').scrollableTable({ height: 100 });

最大高度(如果浏览器支持CSS“ max-height”选项):

$('table').scrollableTable({ maxHeight: 100 });

脚本:

jQuery.fn.scrollableTable = function(options) {

    var $originalTable, $headTable, $bodyTable, $footTable, $scrollableDiv, originalWidths;

    // Prepare the separate parts of the table
    $originalTable = $(this);
    $headTable = $originalTable.clone();

    $headTable.find('tbody').remove();
    $headTable.find('tfoot').remove();

    $bodyTable = $originalTable.clone();
    $bodyTable.find('thead').remove();
    $bodyTable.find('tfoot').remove();

    $footTable = $originalTable.clone();
    $footTable.find('thead').remove();
    $footTable.find('tbody').remove();

    // Grab the original column widths and set them in the separate tables
    originalWidths = $originalTable.find('tr:first td').map(function() {
        return $(this).width();
    });

    $.each([$headTable, $bodyTable, $footTable], function(index, $table) {
        $table.find('tr:first td').each(function(i) {
            $(this).width(originalWidths[i]);
        });
    });

    // The div that makes the body table scroll
    $scrollableDiv = $('<div/>').css({
        'overflow-y': 'scroll'
    });

    if(options.height) {
        $scrollableDiv.css({'height': options.height});
    }
    else if(options.maxHeight) {
        $scrollableDiv.css({'max-height': options.maxHeight});
    }

    // Add the new separate tables and remove the original one
    $headTable.insertAfter($originalTable);
    $bodyTable.insertAfter($headTable);
    $footTable.insertAfter($bodyTable);
    $bodyTable.wrap($scrollableDiv);
    $originalTable.remove();
};

不知何故,我最终Position:Sticky在案子上做得很好:

table{
  width: 100%;
  border: collapse;
}

th{
    position: sticky;
    top: 0px;
    border: 1px solid black;
    background: #ff5722;
    color: #f5f5f5;
    font-weight: 600;
}
td{
    background: #d3d3d3;
    border: 1px solid black;
    color: #f5f5f5;
    font-weight: 600;
}

div{
  height: 150px
  overflow: auto;
  width: 100%
}
<div>
    <table>
        <thead>
            <tr>
                <th>header 1</th>
                <th>header 2</th>
                <th>header 3</th>
                <th>header 4</th>
                <th>header 5</th>
                <th>header 6</th>
                <th>header 7</th>
            </tr>
        </thead>
        <tbody>
            <tr>
                <td>data 1</td>
                <td>data 2</td>
                <td>data 3</td>
                <td>data 4</td>
                <td>data 5</td>
                <td>data 6</td>
                <td>data 7</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>data 1</td>
                <td>data 2</td>
                <td>data 3</td>
                <td>data 4</td>
                <td>data 5</td>
                <td>data 6</td>
                <td>data 7</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>data 1</td>
                <td>data 2</td>
                <td>data 3</td>
                <td>data 4</td>
                <td>data 5</td>
                <td>data 6</td>
                <td>data 7</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>data 1</td>
                <td>data 2</td>
                <td>data 3</td>
                <td>data 4</td>
                <td>data 5</td>
                <td>data 6</td>
                <td>data 7</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>data 1</td>
                <td>data 2</td>
                <td>data 3</td>
                <td>data 4</td>
                <td>data 5</td>
                <td>data 6</td>
                <td>data 7</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>data 1</td>
                <td>data 2</td>
                <td>data 3</td>
                <td>data 4</td>
                <td>data 5</td>
                <td>data 6</td>
                <td>data 7</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>data 1</td>
                <td>data 2</td>
                <td>data 3</td>
                <td>data 4</td>
                <td>data 5</td>
                <td>data 6</td>
                <td>data 7</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>data 1</td>
                <td>data 2</td>
                <td>data 3</td>
                <td>data 4</td>
                <td>data 5</td>
                <td>data 6</td>
                <td>data 7</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>data 1</td>
                <td>data 2</td>
                <td>data 3</td>
                <td>data 4</td>
                <td>data 5</td>
                <td>data 6</td>
                <td>data 7</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>data 1</td>
                <td>data 2</td>
                <td>data 3</td>
                <td>data 4</td>
                <td>data 5</td>
                <td>data 6</td>
                <td>data 7</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>data 1</td>
                <td>data 2</td>
                <td>data 3</td>
                <td>data 4</td>
                <td>data 5</td>
                <td>data 6</td>
                <td>data 7</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>data 1</td>
                <td>data 2</td>
                <td>data 3</td>
                <td>data 4</td>
                <td>data 5</td>
                <td>data 6</td>
                <td>data 7</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>data 1</td>
                <td>data 2</td>
                <td>data 3</td>
                <td>data 4</td>
                <td>data 5</td>
                <td>data 6</td>
                <td>data 7</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>data 1</td>
                <td>data 2</td>
                <td>data 3</td>
                <td>data 4</td>
                <td>data 5</td>
                <td>data 6</td>
                <td>data 7</td>
            </tr>
        </tbody>
    </table>
</div>

两个div,一个用于标头,一个用于数据。使数据div可滚动,并使用JavaScript将标头中的列宽设置为与数据中的宽度相同。我认为数据列的宽度需要固定而不是动态。

我意识到这个问题允许使用JavaScript,但这是我处理过的纯CSS解决方案,它还允许表格水平扩展。它已通过Internet Explorer 10以及最新的Chrome和Firefox浏览器进行了测试。底部的jsFiddle链接。

HTML:

Putting some text here to differentiate between the header
aligning with the top of the screen and the header aligning
with the top of one of its ancestor containers.

<div id="positioning-container">
<div id="scroll-container">
    <table>
        <colgroup>
            <col class="col1"></col>
            <col class="col2"></col>
        </colgroup>
        <thead>
            <th class="header-col1"><div>Header 1</div></th>
            <th class="header-col2"><div>Header 2</div></th>
        </thead>
        <tbody>
            <tr><td>Cell 1.1</td><td>Cell 1.2</td></tr>
            <tr><td>Cell 2.1</td><td>Cell 2.2</td></tr>
            <tr><td>Cell 3.1</td><td>Cell 3.2</td></tr>
            <tr><td>Cell 4.1</td><td>Cell 4.2</td></tr>
            <tr><td>Cell 5.1</td><td>Cell 5.2</td></tr>
            <tr><td>Cell 6.1</td><td>Cell 6.2</td></tr>
            <tr><td>Cell 7.1</td><td>Cell 7.2</td></tr>

        </tbody>
    </table>
</div>
</div>

和CSS:

table{
    border-collapse: collapse;
    table-layout: fixed;
    width: 100%;
}
/* Not required, just helps with alignment for this example */
td, th{
    padding: 0;
    margin: 0;
}

tbody{
    background-color: #ddf;
}

thead {
    /* Keeps the header in place. Don't forget top: 0 */
    position: absolute;
    top: 0;
    background-color: #ddd;

    /* The 17px is to adjust for the scrollbar width.
     * This is a new css value that makes this pure
     * css example possible */
    width: calc(100% - 17px);
    height: 20px;
}

/* Positioning container. Required to position the
 * header since the header uses position:absolute
 * (otherwise it would position at the top of the screen) */
#positioning-container{
    position: relative;
}

/* A container to set the scroll-bar and
 * includes padding to move the table contents
 * down below the header (padding = header height) */
#scroll-container{
    overflow-y: auto;
    padding-top: 20px;
    height: 100px;
}
.header-col1{
    background-color: red;
}

/* Fixed-width header columns need a div to set their width */
.header-col1 div{
    width: 100px;
}

/* Expandable columns need a width set on the th tag */
.header-col2{
    width: 100%;
}
.col1 {
    width: 100px;
}
.col2{
    width: 100%;
}

http://jsfiddle.net/HNHRv/3/

对于那些尝试了Maximilian Hils提供的不错的解决方案,但没有成功使它与Internet Explorer一起使用的人来说,我遇到了同样的问题(Internet Explorer 11),并找出了问题所在。

在Internet Explorer 11中,样式转换(至少在转换时)不起作用<THEAD>我通过将样式应用于所有<TH>循环解决了这一问题那行得通。我的JavaScript代码如下所示:

document.getElementById('pnlGridWrap').addEventListener("scroll", function () {
  var translate = "translate(0," + this.scrollTop + "px)";
  var myElements = this.querySelectorAll("th");
  for (var i = 0; i < myElements.length; i++) {
    myElements[i].style.transform=translate;
  }
});

在我的情况下,该表是ASP.NET中的GridView。首先,我认为这是因为它没有<THEAD>,但是即使我强迫它拥有一个,它也不起作用。然后我发现了我上面写的。

这是一个非常好的简单解决方案。在Chrome上,它是完美的,在Firefox上,它有点生涩,而在Internet Explorer上,它更加生涩。但总而言之,这是一个很好的解决方案。

我希望能早点找到@Mark的解决方案,但是在看到这个问题之前,我去写了自己的解决方案...

我的是一个非常轻量级的jQuery插件,它支持固定的页眉,页脚,列跨度(colspan),调整大小,水平滚动以及滚动开始之前要显示的可选行数。

jQuery.scrollTableBody(GitHub)

只要你有一台合适的<thead><tbody>和(可选)<tfoot>,所有你需要做的是这样的:

$('table').scrollTableBody();

我发现了此解决方法-将表头行移到数据上方的表中:

<html>
<head>
	<title>Fixed header</title>
	<style>
		table td {width:75px;}
	</style>
</head>

<body>
<div style="height:auto; width:350px; overflow:auto">
<table border="1">
<tr>
	<td>header 1</td>
	<td>header 2</td>
	<td>header 3</td>
</tr>
</table>
</div>

<div style="height:50px; width:350px; overflow:auto">
<table border="1">
<tr>
	<td>row 1 col 1</td>
	<td>row 1 col 2</td>
	<td>row 1 col 3</td>		
</tr>
<tr>
	<td>row 2 col 1</td>
	<td>row 2 col 2</td>
	<td>row 2 col 3</td>		
</tr>
<tr>
	<td>row 3 col 1</td>
	<td>row 3 col 2</td>
	<td>row 3 col 3</td>		
</tr>
<tr>
	<td>row 4 col 1</td>
	<td>row 4 col 2</td>
	<td>row 4 col 3</td>		
</tr>
<tr>
	<td>row 5 col 1</td>
	<td>row 5 col 2</td>
	<td>row 5 col 3</td>		
</tr>
<tr>
	<td>row 6 col 1</td>
	<td>row 6 col 2</td>
	<td>row 6 col 3</td>		
</tr>
</table>
</div>


</body>
</html>

通过将StickyTableHeaders jQuery插件应用于表,当您向下滚动时,列标题将停留在视口的顶部。

例:

$(function () {
    $("table").stickyTableHeaders();
});

/*! Copyright (c) 2011 by Jonas Mosbech - https://github.com/jmosbech/StickyTableHeaders
	MIT license info: https://github.com/jmosbech/StickyTableHeaders/blob/master/license.txt */

;
(function ($, window, undefined) {
    'use strict';

    var name = 'stickyTableHeaders',
        id = 0,
        defaults = {
            fixedOffset: 0,
            leftOffset: 0,
            marginTop: 0,
            scrollableArea: window
        };

    function Plugin(el, options) {
        // To avoid scope issues, use 'base' instead of 'this'
        // to reference this class from internal events and functions.
        var base = this;

        // Access to jQuery and DOM versions of element
        base.$el = $(el);
        base.el = el;
        base.id = id++;
        base.$window = $(window);
        base.$document = $(document);

        // Listen for destroyed, call teardown
        base.$el.bind('destroyed',
        $.proxy(base.teardown, base));

        // Cache DOM refs for performance reasons
        base.$clonedHeader = null;
        base.$originalHeader = null;

        // Keep track of state
        base.isSticky = false;
        base.hasBeenSticky = false;
        base.leftOffset = null;
        base.topOffset = null;

        base.init = function () {
            base.$el.each(function () {
                var $this = $(this);

                // remove padding on <table> to fix issue #7
                $this.css('padding', 0);

                base.$originalHeader = $('thead:first', this);
                base.$clonedHeader = base.$originalHeader.clone();
                $this.trigger('clonedHeader.' + name, [base.$clonedHeader]);

                base.$clonedHeader.addClass('tableFloatingHeader');
                base.$clonedHeader.css('display', 'none');

                base.$originalHeader.addClass('tableFloatingHeaderOriginal');

                base.$originalHeader.after(base.$clonedHeader);

                base.$printStyle = $('<style type="text/css" media="print">' +
                    '.tableFloatingHeader{display:none !important;}' +
                    '.tableFloatingHeaderOriginal{position:static !important;}' +
                    '</style>');
                $('head').append(base.$printStyle);
            });

            base.setOptions(options);
            base.updateWidth();
            base.toggleHeaders();
            base.bind();
        };

        base.destroy = function () {
            base.$el.unbind('destroyed', base.teardown);
            base.teardown();
        };

        base.teardown = function () {
            if (base.isSticky) {
                base.$originalHeader.css('position', 'static');
            }
            $.removeData(base.el, 'plugin_' + name);
            base.unbind();

            base.$clonedHeader.remove();
            base.$originalHeader.removeClass('tableFloatingHeaderOriginal');
            base.$originalHeader.css('visibility', 'visible');
            base.$printStyle.remove();

            base.el = null;
            base.$el = null;
        };

        base.bind = function () {
            base.$scrollableArea.on('scroll.' + name, base.toggleHeaders);
            if (!base.isWindowScrolling) {
                base.$window.on('scroll.' + name + base.id, base.setPositionValues);
                base.$window.on('resize.' + name + base.id, base.toggleHeaders);
            }
            base.$scrollableArea.on('resize.' + name, base.toggleHeaders);
            base.$scrollableArea.on('resize.' + name, base.updateWidth);
        };

        base.unbind = function () {
            // unbind window events by specifying handle so we don't remove too much
            base.$scrollableArea.off('.' + name, base.toggleHeaders);
            if (!base.isWindowScrolling) {
                base.$window.off('.' + name + base.id, base.setPositionValues);
                base.$window.off('.' + name + base.id, base.toggleHeaders);
            }
            base.$scrollableArea.off('.' + name, base.updateWidth);
        };

        base.toggleHeaders = function () {
            if (base.$el) {
                base.$el.each(function () {
                    var $this = $(this),
                        newLeft,
                        newTopOffset = base.isWindowScrolling ? (
                        isNaN(base.options.fixedOffset) ? base.options.fixedOffset.outerHeight() : base.options.fixedOffset) : base.$scrollableArea.offset().top + (!isNaN(base.options.fixedOffset) ? base.options.fixedOffset : 0),
                        offset = $this.offset(),

                        scrollTop = base.$scrollableArea.scrollTop() + newTopOffset,
                        scrollLeft = base.$scrollableArea.scrollLeft(),

                        scrolledPastTop = base.isWindowScrolling ? scrollTop > offset.top : newTopOffset > offset.top,
                        notScrolledPastBottom = (base.isWindowScrolling ? scrollTop : 0) < (offset.top + $this.height() - base.$clonedHeader.height() - (base.isWindowScrolling ? 0 : newTopOffset));

                    if (scrolledPastTop && notScrolledPastBottom) {
                        newLeft = offset.left - scrollLeft + base.options.leftOffset;
                        base.$originalHeader.css({
                            'position': 'fixed',
                                'margin-top': base.options.marginTop,
                                'left': newLeft,
                                'z-index': 3 // #18: opacity bug
                        });
                        base.leftOffset = newLeft;
                        base.topOffset = newTopOffset;
                        base.$clonedHeader.css('display', '');
                        if (!base.isSticky) {
                            base.isSticky = true;
                            // make sure the width is correct: the user might have resized the browser while in static mode
                            base.updateWidth();
                        }
                        base.setPositionValues();
                    } else if (base.isSticky) {
                        base.$originalHeader.css('position', 'static');
                        base.$clonedHeader.css('display', 'none');
                        base.isSticky = false;
                        base.resetWidth($('td,th', base.$clonedHeader), $('td,th', base.$originalHeader));
                    }
                });
            }
        };

        base.setPositionValues = function () {
            var winScrollTop = base.$window.scrollTop(),
                winScrollLeft = base.$window.scrollLeft();
            if (!base.isSticky || winScrollTop < 0 || winScrollTop + base.$window.height() > base.$document.height() || winScrollLeft < 0 || winScrollLeft + base.$window.width() > base.$document.width()) {
                return;
            }
            base.$originalHeader.css({
                'top': base.topOffset - (base.isWindowScrolling ? 0 : winScrollTop),
                    'left': base.leftOffset - (base.isWindowScrolling ? 0 : winScrollLeft)
            });
        };

        base.updateWidth = function () {
            if (!base.isSticky) {
                return;
            }
            // Copy cell widths from clone
            if (!base.$originalHeaderCells) {
                base.$originalHeaderCells = $('th,td', base.$originalHeader);
            }
            if (!base.$clonedHeaderCells) {
                base.$clonedHeaderCells = $('th,td', base.$clonedHeader);
            }
            var cellWidths = base.getWidth(base.$clonedHeaderCells);
            base.setWidth(cellWidths, base.$clonedHeaderCells, base.$originalHeaderCells);

            // Copy row width from whole table
            base.$originalHeader.css('width', base.$clonedHeader.width());
        };

        base.getWidth = function ($clonedHeaders) {
            var widths = [];
            $clonedHeaders.each(function (index) {
                var width, $this = $(this);

                if ($this.css('box-sizing') === 'border-box') {
                    width = $this[0].getBoundingClientRect().width; // #39: border-box bug
                } else {
                    var $origTh = $('th', base.$originalHeader);
                    if ($origTh.css('border-collapse') === 'collapse') {
                        if (window.getComputedStyle) {
                            width = parseFloat(window.getComputedStyle(this, null).width);
                        } else {
                            // ie8 only
                            var leftPadding = parseFloat($this.css('padding-left'));
                            var rightPadding = parseFloat($this.css('padding-right'));
                            // Needs more investigation - this is assuming constant border around this cell and it's neighbours.
                            var border = parseFloat($this.css('border-width'));
                            width = $this.outerWidth() - leftPadding - rightPadding - border;
                        }
                    } else {
                        width = $this.width();
                    }
                }

                widths[index] = width;
            });
            return widths;
        };

        base.setWidth = function (widths, $clonedHeaders, $origHeaders) {
            $clonedHeaders.each(function (index) {
                var width = widths[index];
                $origHeaders.eq(index).css({
                    'min-width': width,
                        'max-width': width
                });
            });
        };

        base.resetWidth = function ($clonedHeaders, $origHeaders) {
            $clonedHeaders.each(function (index) {
                var $this = $(this);
                $origHeaders.eq(index).css({
                    'min-width': $this.css('min-width'),
                        'max-width': $this.css('max-width')
                });
            });
        };

        base.setOptions = function (options) {
            base.options = $.extend({}, defaults, options);
            base.$scrollableArea = $(base.options.scrollableArea);
            base.isWindowScrolling = base.$scrollableArea[0] === window;
        };

        base.updateOptions = function (options) {
            base.setOptions(options);
            // scrollableArea might have changed
            base.unbind();
            base.bind();
            base.updateWidth();
            base.toggleHeaders();
        };

        // Run initializer
        base.init();
    }

    // A plugin wrapper around the constructor,
    // preventing against multiple instantiations
    $.fn[name] = function (options) {
        return this.each(function () {
            var instance = $.data(this, 'plugin_' + name);
            if (instance) {
                if (typeof options === 'string') {
                    instance[options].apply(instance);
                } else {
                    instance.updateOptions(options);
                }
            } else if (options !== 'destroy') {
                $.data(this, 'plugin_' + name, new Plugin(this, options));
            }
        });
    };

})(jQuery, window);
body {
    margin: 0 auto;
    padding: 0 20px;
    font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;
    font-size: 11px;
    color: #555;
}
table {
    border: 0;
    padding: 0;
    margin: 0 0 20px 0;
    border-collapse: collapse;
}
th {
    padding: 5px;
    /* NOTE: th padding must be set explicitly in order to support IE */
    text-align: right;
    font-weight:bold;
    line-height: 2em;
    color: #FFF;
    background-color: #555;
}
tbody td {
    padding: 10px;
    line-height: 18px;
    border-top: 1px solid #E0E0E0;
}
tbody tr:nth-child(2n) {
    background-color: #F7F7F7;
}
tbody tr:hover {
    background-color: #EEEEEE;
}
td {
    text-align: right;
}
td:first-child, th:first-child {
    text-align: left;
}
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.9.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
<div style="width:3000px">some really really wide content goes here</div>
<table>
    <thead>
        <tr>
            <th colspan="9">Companies listed on NASDAQ OMX Copenhagen.</th>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <th>Full name</th>
            <th>CCY</th>
            <th>Last</th>
            <th>+/-</th>
            <th>%</th>
            <th>Bid</th>
            <th>Ask</th>
            <th>Volume</th>
            <th>Turnover</th>
        </tr>
    </thead>
    <tbody>
        <tr>
            <td>A.P. Møller...</td>
            <td>DKK</td>
            <td>33,220.00</td>
            <td>760</td>
            <td>2.34</td>
            <td>33,140.00</td>
            <td>33,220.00</td>
            <td>594</td>
            <td>19,791,910</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>A.P. Møller...</td>
            <td>DKK</td>
            <td>34,620.00</td>
            <td>640</td>
            <td>1.88</td>
            <td>34,620.00</td>
            <td>34,700.00</td>
            <td>9,954</td>
            <td>346,530,246</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>Carlsberg A</td>
            <td>DKK</td>
            <td>380</td>
            <td>0</td>
            <td>0</td>
            <td>371</td>
            <td>391.5</td>
            <td>6</td>
            <td>2,280</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>Carlsberg B</td>
            <td>DKK</td>
            <td>364.4</td>
            <td>8.6</td>
            <td>2.42</td>
            <td>363</td>
            <td>364.4</td>
            <td>636,267</td>
            <td>228,530,601</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>Chr. Hansen...</td>
            <td>DKK</td>
            <td>114.5</td>
            <td>-1.6</td>
            <td>-1.38</td>
            <td>114.2</td>
            <td>114.5</td>
            <td>141,822</td>
            <td>16,311,454</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>Coloplast B</td>
            <td>DKK</td>
            <td>809.5</td>
            <td>11</td>
            <td>1.38</td>
            <td>809</td>
            <td>809.5</td>
            <td>85,840</td>
            <td>69,363,301</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>D/S Norden</td>
            <td>DKK</td>
            <td>155</td>
            <td>-1.5</td>
            <td>-0.96</td>
            <td>155</td>
            <td>155.1</td>
            <td>51,681</td>
            <td>8,037,225</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>Danske Bank</td>
            <td>DKK</td>
            <td>69.05</td>
            <td>2.55</td>
            <td>3.83</td>
            <td>69.05</td>
            <td>69.2</td>
            <td>1,723,719</td>
            <td>115,348,068</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>DSV</td>
            <td>DKK</td>
            <td>105.4</td>
            <td>0.2</td>
            <td>0.19</td>
            <td>105.2</td>
            <td>105.4</td>
            <td>674,873</td>
            <td>71,575,035</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>FLSmidth &amp; Co.</td>
            <td>DKK</td>
            <td>295.8</td>
            <td>-1.8</td>
            <td>-0.6</td>
            <td>295.1</td>
            <td>295.8</td>
            <td>341,263</td>
            <td>100,301,032</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>G4S plc</td>
            <td>DKK</td>
            <td>22.53</td>
            <td>0.05</td>
            <td>0.22</td>
            <td>22.53</td>
            <td>22.57</td>
            <td>190,920</td>
            <td>4,338,150</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>Jyske Bank</td>
            <td>DKK</td>
            <td>144.2</td>
            <td>1.4</td>
            <td>0.98</td>
            <td>142.8</td>
            <td>144.2</td>
            <td>78,163</td>
            <td>11,104,874</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>Københavns ...</td>
            <td>DKK</td>
            <td>1,580.00</td>
            <td>-12</td>
            <td>-0.75</td>
            <td>1,590.00</td>
            <td>1,620.00</td>
            <td>82</td>
            <td>131,110</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>Lundbeck</td>
            <td>DKK</td>
            <td>103.4</td>
            <td>-2.5</td>
            <td>-2.36</td>
            <td>103.4</td>
            <td>103.8</td>
            <td>157,162</td>
            <td>16,462,282</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>Nordea Bank</td>
            <td>DKK</td>
            <td>43.22</td>
            <td>-0.06</td>
            <td>-0.14</td>
            <td>43.22</td>
            <td>43.25</td>
            <td>167,520</td>
            <td>7,310,143</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>Novo Nordisk B</td>
            <td>DKK</td>
            <td>552.5</td>
            <td>-3.5</td>
            <td>-0.63</td>
            <td>550.5</td>
            <td>552.5</td>
            <td>843,533</td>
            <td>463,962,375</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>Novozymes B</td>
            <td>DKK</td>
            <td>805.5</td>
            <td>5.5</td>
            <td>0.69</td>
            <td>805</td>
            <td>805.5</td>
            <td>152,188</td>
            <td>121,746,199</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>Pandora</td>
            <td>DKK</td>
            <td>39.04</td>
            <td>0.94</td>
            <td>2.47</td>
            <td>38.8</td>
            <td>39.04</td>
            <td>350,965</td>
            <td>13,611,838</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>Rockwool In...</td>
            <td>DKK</td>
            <td>492</td>
            <td>0</td>
            <td>0</td>
            <td>482</td>
            <td>492</td>
            <td></td>
            <td></td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>Rockwool In...</td>
            <td>DKK</td>
            <td>468</td>
            <td>12</td>
            <td>2.63</td>
            <td>465.2</td>
            <td>468</td>
            <td>9,885</td>
            <td>4,623,850</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>Sydbank</td>
            <td>DKK</td>
            <td>95</td>
            <td>0.05</td>
            <td>0.05</td>
            <td>94.7</td>
            <td>95</td>
            <td>103,438</td>
            <td>9,802,899</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>TDC</td>
            <td>DKK</td>
            <td>43.6</td>
            <td>0.13</td>
            <td>0.3</td>
            <td>43.5</td>
            <td>43.6</td>
            <td>845,110</td>
            <td>36,785,339</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>Topdanmark</td>
            <td>DKK</td>
            <td>854</td>
            <td>13.5</td>
            <td>1.61</td>
            <td>854</td>
            <td>855</td>
            <td>38,679</td>
            <td>32,737,678</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>Tryg</td>
            <td>DKK</td>
            <td>290.4</td>
            <td>0.3</td>
            <td>0.1</td>
            <td>290</td>
            <td>290.4</td>
            <td>94,587</td>
            <td>27,537,247</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>Vestas Wind...</td>
            <td>DKK</td>
            <td>90.15</td>
            <td>-4.2</td>
            <td>-4.45</td>
            <td>90.1</td>
            <td>90.15</td>
            <td>1,317,313</td>
            <td>121,064,314</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>William Dem...</td>
            <td>DKK</td>
            <td>417.6</td>
            <td>0.1</td>
            <td>0.02</td>
            <td>417</td>
            <td>417.6</td>
            <td>64,242</td>
            <td>26,859,554</td>
        </tr>
    </tbody>
</table>
<div style="height: 4000px">lots of content down here...</div>

我喜欢马克西米利安·希尔斯(Maximillian Hils)的回答,但遇到了一些问题:

  1. 除非将转换应用于Edge,否则转换在Edge或IE中不起作用
  2. 在Edge和IE中滚动时标题闪烁
  3. 我的表是使用ajax加载的,所以我想附加到窗口滚动事件,而不是包装器的滚动事件

为了消除闪烁,我使用超时来等待用户完成滚动,然后应用转换-因此在滚动过程中标题不可见。

我也使用jQuery编写了此代码,其优点之一是jQuery应该为您处理供应商前缀

    var isScrolling, lastTop, lastLeft, isLeftHidden, isTopHidden;

    //Scroll events don't bubble https://stackoverflow.com/a/19375645/150342
    //so can't use $(document).on("scroll", ".table-container-fixed", function (e) {
    document.addEventListener('scroll', function (event) {
        var $container = $(event.target);
        if (!$container.hasClass("table-container-fixed"))
            return;    

        //transform needs to be applied to th for Edge and IE
        //in this example I am also fixing the leftmost column
        var $topLeftCell = $container.find('table:first > thead > tr > th:first');
        var $headerCells = $topLeftCell.siblings();
        var $columnCells = $container
           .find('table:first > tbody > tr > td:first-child, ' +
                 'table:first > tfoot > tr > td:first-child');

        //hide the cells while returning otherwise they show on top of the data
        if (!isLeftHidden) {
            var currentLeft = $container.scrollLeft();
            if (currentLeft < lastLeft) {
                //scrolling left
                isLeftHidden = true;
                $topLeftCell.css('visibility', 'hidden');
                $columnCells.css('visibility', 'hidden');
            }
            lastLeft = currentLeft;
        }

        if (!isTopHidden) {
            var currentTop = $container.scrollTop();
            if (currentTop < lastTop) {
                //scrolling up
                isTopHidden = true;
                $topLeftCell.css('visibility', 'hidden');
                $headerCells.css('visibility', 'hidden');
            }
            lastTop = currentTop;
        }

        // Using timeout to delay transform until user stops scrolling
        // Clear timeout while scrolling
        window.clearTimeout(isScrolling);

        // Set a timeout to run after scrolling ends
        isScrolling = setTimeout(function () {
            //move the table cells. 
            var x = $container.scrollLeft();
            var y = $container.scrollTop();

            $topLeftCell.css('transform', 'translate(' + x + 'px, ' + y + 'px)');
            $headerCells.css('transform', 'translateY(' + y + 'px)');
            $columnCells.css('transform', 'translateX(' + x + 'px)');

            isTopHidden = isLeftHidden = false;
            $topLeftCell.css('visibility', 'inherit');
            $headerCells.css('visibility', 'inherit');
            $columnCells.css('visibility', 'inherit');
        }, 100);

    }, true);

该表与class一起包装在div中table-container-fixed

.table-container-fixed{
    overflow: auto;
    height: 400px;
}

我将border-collapse设置为单独的,因为否则会在翻译过程中丢失边框,并且我删除了表格上的边框以阻止内容显示在滚动过程中边框刚好位于其上方的单元格上方。

.table-container-fixed > table {
   border-collapse: separate;
   border:none;
}

我将th背景设为白色以覆盖下面的单元格,并添加了一个与表格边框匹配的边框-使用Bootstrap对其进行样式设置并滚动到视图之外。

 .table-container-fixed > table > thead > tr > th {
        border-top: 1px solid #ddd !important;
        background-color: white;        
        z-index: 10;
        position: relative;/*to make z-index work*/
    }

            .table-container-fixed > table > thead > tr > th:first-child {
                z-index: 20;
            }

.table-container-fixed > table > tbody > tr > td:first-child,
.table-container-fixed > table > tfoot > tr > td:first-child {
    background-color: white;        
    z-index: 10;
    position: relative;
}

使用最新版本的jQuery,并包含以下JavaScript代码。

$(window).scroll(function(){
  $("id of the div element").offset({top:$(window).scrollTop()});
});

这不是固定标题行的精确解决方案,但是我创建了一种相当巧妙的方法,可以在整个长表中重复标题行,但仍保持排序的能力。

这个简洁的小选项需要jQuerytablesorter插件运作方式如下:

的HTML

<table class="tablesorter boxlist" id="pmtable">
    <thead class="fixedheader">
        <tr class="boxheadrow">
            <th width="70px" class="header">Job Number</th>
            <th width="10px" class="header">Pri</th>
            <th width="70px" class="header">CLLI</th>
            <th width="35px" class="header">Market</th>
            <th width="35px" class="header">Job Status</th>
            <th width="65px" class="header">Technology</th>
            <th width="95px;" class="header headerSortDown">MEI</th>
            <th width="95px" class="header">TEO Writer</th>
            <th width="75px" class="header">Quote Due</th>
            <th width="100px" class="header">Engineer</th>
            <th width="75px" class="header">ML Due</th>
            <th width="75px" class="header">ML Complete</th>
            <th width="75px" class="header">SPEC Due</th>
            <th width="75px" class="header">SPEC Complete</th>
            <th width="100px" class="header">Install Supervisor</th>
            <th width="75px" class="header">MasTec OJD</th>
            <th width="75px" class="header">Install Start</th>
            <th width="30px" class="header">Install Hours</th>
            <th width="75px" class="header">Revised CRCD</th>
            <th width="75px" class="header">Latest Ship-To-Site</th>
            <th width="30px" class="header">Total Parts</th>
            <th width="30px" class="header">OEM Rcvd</th>
            <th width="30px" class="header">Minor Rcvd</th>
            <th width="30px" class="header">Total Received</th>
            <th width="30px" class="header">% On Site</th>
            <th width="60px" class="header">Actions</th>
        </tr>
    </thead>
        <tbody class="scrollable">
            <tr data-job_id="3548" data-ml_id="" class="odd">
                <td class="c black">FL-8-RG9UP</td>
                <td data-pri="2" class="priority c yellow">M</td>
                <td class="c">FTLDFLOV</td>
                <td class="c">SFL</td>
                <td class="c">NOI</td>
                <td class="c">TRANSPORT</td>
                <td class="c"></td>
                <td class="c">Chris Byrd</td>
                <td class="c">Apr 13, 2013</td>
                <td class="c">Kris Hall</td>
                <td class="c">May 20, 2013</td>
                <td class="c">May 20, 2013</td>
                <td class="c">Jun 5, 2013</td>
                <td class="c">Jun 7, 2013</td>
                <td class="c">Joseph Fitz</td>
                <td class="c">Jun 10, 2013</td>
                <td class="c">TBD</td>
                <td class="c">123</td>
                <td class="c revised_crcd"><input readonly="true" name="revised_crcd" value="Jul 26, 2013" type="text" size="12" class="smInput r_crcd c hasDatepicker" id="dp1377194058616"></td>
                <td class="c">TBD</td>
                <td class="c">N/A</td>
                <td class="c">N/A</td>
                <td class="c">N/A</td>
                <td class="c">N/A</td>
                <td class="c">N/A</td>
                <td class="actions"><span style="float:left;" class="ui-icon ui-icon-folder-open editJob" title="View this job" s="" details'=""></span></td>
            </tr>
            <tr data-job_id="4264" data-ml_id="2959" class="even">
                <td class="c black">MTS13009SF</td>
                <td data-pri="2" class="priority c yellow">M</td>
                <td class="c">OJUSFLTL</td>
                <td class="c">SFL</td>
                <td class="c">NOI</td>
                <td class="c">TRANSPORT</td>
                <td class="c"></td>
                <td class="c">DeMarcus Stewart</td>
                <td class="c">May 22, 2013</td>
                <td class="c">Ryan Alsobrook</td>
                <td class="c">Jun 19, 2013</td>
                <td class="c">Jun 27, 2013</td>
                <td class="c">Jun 19, 2013</td>
                <td class="c">Jul 4, 2013</td>
                <td class="c">Randy Williams</td>
                <td class="c">Jun 21, 2013</td>
                <td class="c">TBD</td>
                <td class="c">95</td>
                <td class="c revised_crcd"><input readonly="true" name="revised_crcd" value="Aug 9, 2013" type="text" size="12" class="smInput r_crcd c hasDatepicker" id="dp1377194058632"></td><td class="c">TBD</td>
                <td class="c">0</td>
                <td class="c">0.00%</td>
                <td class="c">0.00%</td>
                <td class="c">0.00%</td>
                <td class="c">0.00%</td>
                <td class="actions"><span style="float:left;" class="ui-icon ui-icon-folder-open editJob" title="View this job" s="" details'=""></span><input style="float:left;" type="hidden" name="req_ship" class="reqShip hasDatepicker" id="dp1377194058464"><span style="float:left;" class="ui-icon ui-icon-calendar requestShip" title="Schedule this job for shipping"></span><span class="ui-icon ui-icon-info viewOrderInfo" style="float:left;" title="Show material details for this order"></span></td>
            </tr>
            .
            .
            .
            .
            <tr class="boxheadrow repeated-header">
                <th width="70px" class="header">Job Number</th>
                <th width="10px" class="header">Pri</th>
                <th width="70px" class="header">CLLI</th>
                <th width="35px" class="header">Market</th>
                <th width="35px" class="header">Job Status</th>
                <th width="65px" class="header">Technology</th>
                <th width="95px;" class="header">MEI</th>
                <th width="95px" class="header">TEO Writer</th>
                <th width="75px" class="header">Quote Due</th>
                <th width="100px" class="header">Engineer</th>
                <th width="75px" class="header">ML Due</th>
                <th width="75px" class="header">ML Complete</th>
                <th width="75px" class="header">SPEC Due</th>
                <th width="75px" class="header">SPEC Complete</th>
                <th width="100px" class="header">Install Supervisor</th>
                <th width="75px" class="header">MasTec OJD</th>
                <th width="75px" class="header">Install Start</th>
                <th width="30px" class="header">Install Hours</th>
                <th width="75px" class="header">Revised CRCD</th>
                <th width="75px" class="header">Latest Ship-To-Site</th>
                <th width="30px" class="header">Total Parts</th>
                <th width="30px" class="header">OEM Rcvd</th>
                <th width="30px" class="header">Minor Rcvd</th>
                <th width="30px" class="header">Total Received</th>
                <th width="30px" class="header">% On Site</th>
                <th width="60px" class="header">Actions</th>
            </tr>

显然,我的表具有比这更多的行。确切地说是193,但您可以看到标题行重复的位置。重复标题行是通过以下功能设置的:

jQuery的

// Clone the original header row and add the "repeated-header" class
var tblHeader = $('tr.boxheadrow').clone().addClass('repeated-header');

// Add the cloned header with the new class every 34th row (or as you see fit)
$('tbody tr:odd:nth-of-type(17n)').after(tblHeader);

// On the 'sortStart' routine, remove all the inserted header rows
$('#pmtable').bind('sortStart', function() {
    $('.repeated-header').remove();
    // On the 'sortEnd' routine, add back all the header row lines.
}).bind('sortEnd', function() {
    $('tbody tr:odd:nth-of-type(17n)').after(tblHeader);
});

很多人似乎正在寻找这个答案。我发现它埋在这里的另一个问题的答案中:在两个不同框架中的表之间同步列宽,等等

在我尝试过的数十种方法中,这是我发现的唯一一种可靠地工作的方法,该方法可以使您拥有底部宽度与标题表相同的滚动底表。

这是我的操作方法,首先,我对上面的jsfiddle进行了改进,以创建此函数,该函数在td上均有效th(以防其他人使用th其样式化标题行的情况)。

var setHeaderTableWidth= function (headertableid,basetableid) {
            $("#"+headertableid).width($("#"+basetableid).width());
            $("#"+headertableid+" tr th").each(function (i) {
                $(this).width($($("#"+basetableid+" tr:first td")[i]).width());
            });
            $("#" + headertableid + " tr td").each(function (i) {
                $(this).width($($("#" + basetableid + " tr:first td")[i]).width());
            });
        }

接下来,您需要创建两个表,注意头表应该TD在顶部表中为滚动条留出额外的空间,如下所示:

 <table id="headertable1" class="input-cells table-striped">
        <thead>
            <tr style="background-color:darkgray;color:white;"><th>header1</th><th>header2</th><th>header3</th><th>header4</th><th>header5</th><th>header6</th><th></th></tr>
        </thead>
     </table>
    <div id="resizeToBottom" style="overflow-y:scroll;overflow-x:hidden;">
        <table id="basetable1" class="input-cells table-striped">
            <tbody >
                <tr>
                    <td>testdata</td>
                    <td>2</td>
                    <td>3</td>
                    <td>4</span></td>
                    <td>55555555555555</td>
                    <td>test</td></tr>
            </tbody>
        </table>
    </div>

然后执行以下操作:

        setHeaderTableWidth('headertable1', 'basetable1');
        $(window).resize(function () {
            setHeaderTableWidth('headertable1', 'basetable1');
        });

这是我在Stack Overflow上发现的唯一解决方案,该解决方案可以解决许多已发布的类似问题,并且在我所有情况下都适用。

例如,我尝试了不适用于durandal的jQuery stickytables插件以及此处的Google Code项目 https://code.google.com/p/js-scroll-table-header/issues/detail?id=2

其他涉及克隆表的解决方案,性能较差或无法正常工作在所有情况下均不起作用。

不需要这些过于复杂的解决方案。只需像下面的示例那样制作两个表,然后调用setHeaderTableWidth函数(如此处所述),然后就可以完成了

如果这对您不起作用,则可能是您正在使用CSS框大小设置属性,需要正确设置它。偶然弄乱CSS内容很容易。有很多事情可能出问题,所以请注意这一点。这种方法对我有用

这是我们最终使用的解决方案(为了处理某些极端情况和旧版本的Internet Explorer,我们最终还淡出了滚动条的标题栏,然后在滚动结束时淡出了标题栏,但在Firefox和WebKit浏览器中这个解决方案是可行的,它假设有边界崩溃:崩溃。

该解决方案的关键是,一旦您应用border-collapseCSS就会转换就可以在标头上工作,因此只需拦截滚动事件并正确设置转换即可。您无需复制任何内容。缺少在浏览器中正确实现的这种行为,很难想象会有一个更轻便的解决方案。

JSFiddle:http : //jsfiddle.net/podperson/tH9VU/2/

它实现为一个简单的jQuery插件。您只需通过$('thead')。sticky()之类的电话使thead变得很粘,它们就会在周围徘徊。它适用于页面上的多个表以及位于大表中间的头部区域。

$.fn.sticky = function(){
    $(this).each( function(){
        var thead = $(this),
            tbody = thead.next('tbody');

        updateHeaderPosition();

        function updateHeaderPosition(){
            if(
                thead.offset().top < $(document).scrollTop()
                && tbody.offset().top + tbody.height() > $(document).scrollTop()
            ){
                var tr = tbody.find('tr').last(),
                    y = tr.offset().top - thead.height() < $(document).scrollTop()
                        ? tr.offset().top - thead.height() - thead.offset().top
                        : $(document).scrollTop() - thead.offset().top;

                thead.find('th').css({
                    'z-index': 100,
                    'transform': 'translateY(' + y + 'px)',
                    '-webkit-transform': 'translateY(' + y + 'px)'
                });
            } else {
                thead.find('th').css({
                    'transform': 'none',
                    '-webkit-transform': 'none'
                });
            }
        }

        // See http://www.quirksmode.org/dom/events/scroll.html
        $(window).on('scroll', updateHeaderPosition);
    });
}

$('thead').sticky();

这是对马克西米利安·希尔斯Maximilian Hils)发布的答案的改进的答案

此版本可在Internet Explorer 11中正常运行,而不会闪烁:

var headerCells = tableWrap.querySelectorAll("thead td");
for (var i = 0; i < headerCells.length; i++) {
    var headerCell = headerCells[i];
    headerCell.style.backgroundColor = "silver";
}
var lastSTop = tableWrap.scrollTop;
tableWrap.addEventListener("scroll", function () {
    var stop = this.scrollTop;
    if (stop < lastSTop) {
        // Resetting the transform for the scrolling up to hide the headers
        for (var i = 0; i < headerCells.length; i++) {
            headerCells[i].style.transitionDelay = "0s";
            headerCells[i].style.transform = "";
        }
    }
    lastSTop = stop;
    var translate = "translate(0," + stop + "px)";
    for (var i = 0; i < headerCells.length; i++) {
        headerCells[i].style.transitionDelay = "0.25s";
        headerCells[i].style.transform = translate;
    }
});

我开发了一个简单的轻量级jQuery插件,用于将格式正确的HTML表转换为具有固定表头和列的可滚动表。

该插件可以很好地使固定部分与可滚动部分的像素间匹配。此外,您还可以冻结水平滚动时始终显示的列数。

演示和文档:http : //meetselva.github.io/fixed-table-rows-cols/

GitHub存储库:https : //github.com/meetselva/fixed-table-rows-cols

以下是带有固定标题的简单表的用法,

$(<table selector>).fxdHdrCol({
    width:     "100%",
    height:    200,
    colModal: [{width: 30, align: 'center'},
               {width: 70, align: 'center'}, 
               {width: 200, align: 'left'}, 
               {width: 100, align: 'center'}, 
               {width: 70, align: 'center'}, 
               {width: 250, align: 'center'}
              ]
});
<html>
<head>
    <script src="//cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/jquery@3.2.1/dist/jquery.min.js"></script>
    <script>
        function stickyTableHead (tableID) {
            var $tmain = $(tableID);
            var $tScroll = $tmain.children("thead")
                .clone()
                .wrapAll('<table id="tScroll" />')
                .parent()
                .addClass($(tableID).attr("class"))
                .css("position", "fixed")
                .css("top", "0")
                .css("display", "none")
                .prependTo("#tMain");

            var pos = $tmain.offset().top + $tmain.find(">thead").height();


            $(document).scroll(function () {
                var dataScroll = $tScroll.data("scroll");
                dataScroll = dataScroll || false;
                if ($(this).scrollTop() >= pos) {
                    if (!dataScroll) {
                        $tScroll
                            .data("scroll", true)
                            .show()
                            .find("th").each(function () {
                                $(this).width($tmain.find(">thead>tr>th").eq($(this).index()).width());
                            });
                    }
                } else {
                    if (dataScroll) {
                        $tScroll
                            .data("scroll", false)
                            .hide()
                        ;
                    }
                }
            });
        }

        $(document).ready(function () {
            stickyTableHead('#tMain');
        });
    </script>
</head>

<body>
    gfgfdgsfgfdgfds<br/>
    gfgfdgsfgfdgfds<br/>
    gfgfdgsfgfdgfds<br/>
    gfgfdgsfgfdgfds<br/>
    gfgfdgsfgfdgfds<br/>
    gfgfdgsfgfdgfds<br/>

    <table id="tMain" >
        <thead>
        <tr>
            <th>1</th> <th>2</th><th>3</th> <th>4</th><th>5</th> <th>6</th><th>7</th> <th>8</th>

        </tr>
        </thead>
        <tbody>
            <tr><td>11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
            <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
            <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
            <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
            <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
            <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
            <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
            <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
            <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
            <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
            <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
            <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
            <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
            <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
            <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
            <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
            <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
            <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
            <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
            <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
            <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
            <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
            <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
            <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
            <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
            <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
            <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
            <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
            <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
            <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
            <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
            <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
            <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
            <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
            <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
            <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5555555</td><td>66666666666</td><td>77777777777</td><td>8888888888888888</td></tr>
        </tbody>
    </table>
</body>
</html>

@Daniel Waltrip答案的附加内容。表需要用div包围position: relative才能使用position:sticky所以我想在这里发布我的示例代码。

的CSS

/* Set table width/height as you want.*/
div.freeze-header {
  position: relative;
  max-height: 150px;
  max-width: 400px;
  overflow:auto;
}

/* Use position:sticky to freeze header on top*/
div.freeze-header > table > thead > tr > th {
  position: sticky;
  top: 0;
  background-color:yellow;
}

/* below is just table style decoration.*/
div.freeze-header > table {
  border-collapse: collapse;
}

div.freeze-header > table td {
  border: 1px solid black;
}

的HTML

<html>
<body>
  <div>
   other contents ...
  </div>
  <div>
   other contents ...
  </div>
  <div>
   other contents ...
  </div>

  <div class="freeze-header">
    <table>
       <thead>
         <tr>
           <th> header 1 </th>
           <th> header 2 </th>
           <th> header 3 </th>
           <th> header 4 </th>
           <th> header 5 </th>
           <th> header 6 </th>
           <th> header 7 </th>
           <th> header 8 </th>
           <th> header 9 </th>
           <th> header 10 </th>
           <th> header 11 </th>
           <th> header 12 </th>
           <th> header 13 </th>
           <th> header 14 </th>
           <th> header 15 </th>
          </tr>
       </thead>
       <tbody>
         <tr>
           <td> data 1 </td>
           <td> data 2 </td>
           <td> data 3 </td>
           <td> data 4 </td>
           <td> data 5 </td>
           <td> data 6 </td>
           <td> data 7 </td>
           <td> data 8 </td>
           <td> data 9 </td>
           <td> data 10 </td>
           <td> data 11 </td>
           <td> data 12 </td>
           <td> data 13 </td>
           <td> data 14 </td>
           <td> data 15 </td>
          </tr>         
         <tr>
           <td> data 1 </td>
           <td> data 2 </td>
           <td> data 3 </td>
           <td> data 4 </td>
           <td> data 5 </td>
           <td> data 6 </td>
           <td> data 7 </td>
           <td> data 8 </td>
           <td> data 9 </td>
           <td> data 10 </td>
           <td> data 11 </td>
           <td> data 12 </td>
           <td> data 13 </td>
           <td> data 14 </td>
           <td> data 15 </td>
          </tr>         
         <tr>
           <td> data 1 </td>
           <td> data 2 </td>
           <td> data 3 </td>
           <td> data 4 </td>
           <td> data 5 </td>
           <td> data 6 </td>
           <td> data 7 </td>
           <td> data 8 </td>
           <td> data 9 </td>
           <td> data 10 </td>
           <td> data 11 </td>
           <td> data 12 </td>
           <td> data 13 </td>
           <td> data 14 </td>
           <td> data 15 </td>
          </tr>         
         <tr>
           <td> data 1 </td>
           <td> data 2 </td>
           <td> data 3 </td>
           <td> data 4 </td>
           <td> data 5 </td>
           <td> data 6 </td>
           <td> data 7 </td>
           <td> data 8 </td>
           <td> data 9 </td>
           <td> data 10 </td>
           <td> data 11 </td>
           <td> data 12 </td>
           <td> data 13 </td>
           <td> data 14 </td>
           <td> data 15 </td>
          </tr>         
         <tr>
           <td> data 1 </td>
           <td> data 2 </td>
           <td> data 3 </td>
           <td> data 4 </td>
           <td> data 5 </td>
           <td> data 6 </td>
           <td> data 7 </td>
           <td> data 8 </td>
           <td> data 9 </td>
           <td> data 10 </td>
           <td> data 11 </td>
           <td> data 12 </td>
           <td> data 13 </td>
           <td> data 14 </td>
           <td> data 15 </td>
          </tr>         
         <tr>
           <td> data 1 </td>
           <td> data 2 </td>
           <td> data 3 </td>
           <td> data 4 </td>
           <td> data 5 </td>
           <td> data 6 </td>
           <td> data 7 </td>
           <td> data 8 </td>
           <td> data 9 </td>
           <td> data 10 </td>
           <td> data 11 </td>
           <td> data 12 </td>
           <td> data 13 </td>
           <td> data 14 </td>
           <td> data 15 </td>
          </tr>         
         <tr>
           <td> data 1 </td>
           <td> data 2 </td>
           <td> data 3 </td>
           <td> data 4 </td>
           <td> data 5 </td>
           <td> data 6 </td>
           <td> data 7 </td>
           <td> data 8 </td>
           <td> data 9 </td>
           <td> data 10 </td>
           <td> data 11 </td>
           <td> data 12 </td>
           <td> data 13 </td>
           <td> data 14 </td>
           <td> data 15 </td>
          </tr>         
         <tr>
           <td> data 1 </td>
           <td> data 2 </td>
           <td> data 3 </td>
           <td> data 4 </td>
           <td> data 5 </td>
           <td> data 6 </td>
           <td> data 7 </td>
           <td> data 8 </td>
           <td> data 9 </td>
           <td> data 10 </td>
           <td> data 11 </td>
           <td> data 12 </td>
           <td> data 13 </td>
           <td> data 14 </td>
           <td> data 15 </td>
          </tr>         
       </tbody>
    </table>
  </div>
</body>
</html>

演示版

在此处输入图片说明

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