如何使用JavaScript查找操作系统版本?

2020/10/15 00:41 · javascript ·  · 0评论

如何使用JavaScript查找操作系统名称和操作系统版本?

如果您使用列出所有window.navigator的属性

console.log(navigator);

您会看到类似这样的内容

# platform = Win32
# appCodeName = Mozilla
# appName = Netscape
# appVersion = 5.0 (Windows; en-US)
# language = en-US
# mimeTypes = [object MimeTypeArray]
# oscpu = Windows NT 5.1
# vendor = Firefox
# vendorSub = 1.0.7
# product = Gecko
# productSub = 20050915
# plugins = [object PluginArray]
# securityPolicy =
# userAgent = Mozilla/5.0 (Windows; U; Windows NT 5.1; en-US; rv:1.7.12) Gecko/20050915 Firefox/1.0.7
# cookieEnabled = true
# javaEnabled = function javaEnabled() { [native code] }
# taintEnabled = function taintEnabled() { [native code] }
# preference = function preference() { [native code] }

请注意,该oscpu属性为您提供Windows版本。另外,您应该知道:

'Windows 3.11' => 'Win16',
'Windows 95' => '(Windows 95)|(Win95)|(Windows_95)',
'Windows 98' => '(Windows 98)|(Win98)',
'Windows 2000' => '(Windows NT 5.0)|(Windows 2000)',
'Windows XP' => '(Windows NT 5.1)|(Windows XP)',
'Windows Server 2003' => '(Windows NT 5.2)',
'Windows Vista' => '(Windows NT 6.0)',
'Windows 7' => '(Windows NT 6.1)',
'Windows 8' => '(Windows NT 6.2)|(WOW64)',
'Windows 10' => '(Windows 10.0)|(Windows NT 10.0)',
'Windows NT 4.0' => '(Windows NT 4.0)|(WinNT4.0)|(WinNT)|(Windows NT)',
'Windows ME' => 'Windows ME',
'Open BSD' => 'OpenBSD',
'Sun OS' => 'SunOS',
'Linux' => '(Linux)|(X11)',
'Mac OS' => '(Mac_PowerPC)|(Macintosh)',
'QNX' => 'QNX',
'BeOS' => 'BeOS',
'OS/2' => 'OS/2',
'Search Bot'=>'(nuhk)|(Googlebot)|(Yammybot)|(Openbot)|(Slurp)|(MSNBot)|(Ask Jeeves/Teoma)|(ia_archiver)'

我开始编写脚本以读取可以在Fiddle上测试的操作系统和浏览器版本随时使用和扩展。
突破性变化:

自2020年9月以来,新的Edge被检测到。
因此,“ Microsoft Edge”是基于Chromium的新版本,现在旧的Edge被检测为“ Microsoft Legacy Edge”!

/**
 * JavaScript Client Detection
 * (C) viazenetti GmbH (Christian Ludwig)
 */
(function (window) {
    {
        var unknown = '-';

        // screen
        var screenSize = '';
        if (screen.width) {
            width = (screen.width) ? screen.width : '';
            height = (screen.height) ? screen.height : '';
            screenSize += '' + width + " x " + height;
        }

        // browser
        var nVer = navigator.appVersion;
        var nAgt = navigator.userAgent;
        var browser = navigator.appName;
        var version = '' + parseFloat(navigator.appVersion);
        var majorVersion = parseInt(navigator.appVersion, 10);
        var nameOffset, verOffset, ix;

        // Opera
        if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Opera')) != -1) {
            browser = 'Opera';
            version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 6);
            if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Version')) != -1) {
                version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 8);
            }
        }
        // Opera Next
        if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('OPR')) != -1) {
            browser = 'Opera';
            version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 4);
        }
        // Legacy Edge
        else if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Edge')) != -1) {
            browser = 'Microsoft Legacy Edge';
            version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 5);
        } 
        // Edge (Chromium)
        else if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Edg')) != -1) {
            browser = 'Microsoft Edge';
            version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 4);
        }
        // MSIE
        else if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('MSIE')) != -1) {
            browser = 'Microsoft Internet Explorer';
            version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 5);
        }
        // Chrome
        else if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Chrome')) != -1) {
            browser = 'Chrome';
            version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 7);
        }
        // Safari
        else if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Safari')) != -1) {
            browser = 'Safari';
            version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 7);
            if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Version')) != -1) {
                version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 8);
            }
        }
        // Firefox
        else if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Firefox')) != -1) {
            browser = 'Firefox';
            version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 8);
        }
        // MSIE 11+
        else if (nAgt.indexOf('Trident/') != -1) {
            browser = 'Microsoft Internet Explorer';
            version = nAgt.substring(nAgt.indexOf('rv:') + 3);
        }
        // Other browsers
        else if ((nameOffset = nAgt.lastIndexOf(' ') + 1) < (verOffset = nAgt.lastIndexOf('/'))) {
            browser = nAgt.substring(nameOffset, verOffset);
            version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 1);
            if (browser.toLowerCase() == browser.toUpperCase()) {
                browser = navigator.appName;
            }
        }
        // trim the version string
        if ((ix = version.indexOf(';')) != -1) version = version.substring(0, ix);
        if ((ix = version.indexOf(' ')) != -1) version = version.substring(0, ix);
        if ((ix = version.indexOf(')')) != -1) version = version.substring(0, ix);

        majorVersion = parseInt('' + version, 10);
        if (isNaN(majorVersion)) {
            version = '' + parseFloat(navigator.appVersion);
            majorVersion = parseInt(navigator.appVersion, 10);
        }

        // mobile version
        var mobile = /Mobile|mini|Fennec|Android|iP(ad|od|hone)/.test(nVer);

        // cookie
        var cookieEnabled = (navigator.cookieEnabled) ? true : false;

        if (typeof navigator.cookieEnabled == 'undefined' && !cookieEnabled) {
            document.cookie = 'testcookie';
            cookieEnabled = (document.cookie.indexOf('testcookie') != -1) ? true : false;
        }

        // system
        var os = unknown;
        var clientStrings = [
            {s:'Windows 10', r:/(Windows 10.0|Windows NT 10.0)/},
            {s:'Windows 8.1', r:/(Windows 8.1|Windows NT 6.3)/},
            {s:'Windows 8', r:/(Windows 8|Windows NT 6.2)/},
            {s:'Windows 7', r:/(Windows 7|Windows NT 6.1)/},
            {s:'Windows Vista', r:/Windows NT 6.0/},
            {s:'Windows Server 2003', r:/Windows NT 5.2/},
            {s:'Windows XP', r:/(Windows NT 5.1|Windows XP)/},
            {s:'Windows 2000', r:/(Windows NT 5.0|Windows 2000)/},
            {s:'Windows ME', r:/(Win 9x 4.90|Windows ME)/},
            {s:'Windows 98', r:/(Windows 98|Win98)/},
            {s:'Windows 95', r:/(Windows 95|Win95|Windows_95)/},
            {s:'Windows NT 4.0', r:/(Windows NT 4.0|WinNT4.0|WinNT|Windows NT)/},
            {s:'Windows CE', r:/Windows CE/},
            {s:'Windows 3.11', r:/Win16/},
            {s:'Android', r:/Android/},
            {s:'Open BSD', r:/OpenBSD/},
            {s:'Sun OS', r:/SunOS/},
            {s:'Chrome OS', r:/CrOS/},
            {s:'Linux', r:/(Linux|X11(?!.*CrOS))/},
            {s:'iOS', r:/(iPhone|iPad|iPod)/},
            {s:'Mac OS X', r:/Mac OS X/},
            {s:'Mac OS', r:/(Mac OS|MacPPC|MacIntel|Mac_PowerPC|Macintosh)/},
            {s:'QNX', r:/QNX/},
            {s:'UNIX', r:/UNIX/},
            {s:'BeOS', r:/BeOS/},
            {s:'OS/2', r:/OS\/2/},
            {s:'Search Bot', r:/(nuhk|Googlebot|Yammybot|Openbot|Slurp|MSNBot|Ask Jeeves\/Teoma|ia_archiver)/}
        ];
        for (var id in clientStrings) {
            var cs = clientStrings[id];
            if (cs.r.test(nAgt)) {
                os = cs.s;
                break;
            }
        }

        var osVersion = unknown;

        if (/Windows/.test(os)) {
            osVersion = /Windows (.*)/.exec(os)[1];
            os = 'Windows';
        }

        switch (os) {
            case 'Mac OS':
            case 'Mac OS X':
            case 'Android':
                osVersion = /(?:Android|Mac OS|Mac OS X|MacPPC|MacIntel|Mac_PowerPC|Macintosh) ([\.\_\d]+)/.exec(nAgt)[1];
                break;

            case 'iOS':
                osVersion = /OS (\d+)_(\d+)_?(\d+)?/.exec(nVer);
                osVersion = osVersion[1] + '.' + osVersion[2] + '.' + (osVersion[3] | 0);
                break;
        }
        
        // flash (you'll need to include swfobject)
        /* script src="//ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/swfobject/2.2/swfobject.js" */
        var flashVersion = 'no check';
        if (typeof swfobject != 'undefined') {
            var fv = swfobject.getFlashPlayerVersion();
            if (fv.major > 0) {
                flashVersion = fv.major + '.' + fv.minor + ' r' + fv.release;
            }
            else  {
                flashVersion = unknown;
            }
        }
    }

    window.jscd = {
        screen: screenSize,
        browser: browser,
        browserVersion: version,
        browserMajorVersion: majorVersion,
        mobile: mobile,
        os: os,
        osVersion: osVersion,
        cookies: cookieEnabled,
        flashVersion: flashVersion
    };
}(this));

alert(
    'OS: ' + jscd.os +' '+ jscd.osVersion + '\n' +
    'Browser: ' + jscd.browser +' '+ jscd.browserMajorVersion +
      ' (' + jscd.browserVersion + ')\n' + 
    'Mobile: ' + jscd.mobile + '\n' +
    'Flash: ' + jscd.flashVersion + '\n' +
    'Cookies: ' + jscd.cookies + '\n' +
    'Screen Size: ' + jscd.screen + '\n\n' +
    'Full User Agent: ' + navigator.userAgent
);
var OSName = "Unknown";
if (window.navigator.userAgent.indexOf("Windows NT 10.0")!= -1) OSName="Windows 10";
if (window.navigator.userAgent.indexOf("Windows NT 6.2") != -1) OSName="Windows 8";
if (window.navigator.userAgent.indexOf("Windows NT 6.1") != -1) OSName="Windows 7";
if (window.navigator.userAgent.indexOf("Windows NT 6.0") != -1) OSName="Windows Vista";
if (window.navigator.userAgent.indexOf("Windows NT 5.1") != -1) OSName="Windows XP";
if (window.navigator.userAgent.indexOf("Windows NT 5.0") != -1) OSName="Windows 2000";
if (window.navigator.userAgent.indexOf("Mac")            != -1) OSName="Mac/iOS";
if (window.navigator.userAgent.indexOf("X11")            != -1) OSName="UNIX";
if (window.navigator.userAgent.indexOf("Linux")          != -1) OSName="Linux";

@Ludwig的解决方案很棒。几个修复程序(与操作系统无关,并且我不能对他的原始帖子发表评论,因为这太长了):

  1. IE 11不再将自己标识为MS IE。
  2. IOS上的Chrome伪装成Safari

他们来了:

(function (window) {
    {
    /* test cases
        alert(
            'browserInfo result: OS: ' + browserInfo.os +' '+ browserInfo.osVersion + '\n'+
                'Browser: ' + browserInfo.browser +' '+ browserInfo.browserVersion + '\n' +
                'Mobile: ' + browserInfo.mobile + '\n' +
                'Cookies: ' + browserInfo.cookies + '\n' +
                'Screen Size: ' + browserInfo.screen
        );
    */
        var unknown = 'Unknown';

        // screen
        var screenSize = '';
        if (screen.width) {
            width = (screen.width) ? screen.width : '';
            height = (screen.height) ? screen.height : '';
            screenSize += '' + width + " x " + height;
        }

        //browser
        var nVer = navigator.appVersion;
        var nAgt = navigator.userAgent;
        var browser = navigator.appName;
        var version = '' + parseFloat(navigator.appVersion);
        var majorVersion = parseInt(navigator.appVersion, 10);
        var nameOffset, verOffset, ix;

        // Opera
        if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Opera')) != -1) {
            browser = 'Opera';
            version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 6);
            if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Version')) != -1) {
                version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 8);
            }
        }
        // MSIE
        else if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('MSIE')) != -1) {
            browser = 'Microsoft Internet Explorer';
            version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 5);
        }

        //IE 11 no longer identifies itself as MS IE, so trap it
        //http://stackoverflow.com/questions/17907445/how-to-detect-ie11
        else if ((browser == 'Netscape') && (nAgt.indexOf('Trident/') != -1)) {

            browser = 'Microsoft Internet Explorer';
            version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 5);
            if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('rv:')) != -1) {
                version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 3);
            }

        }

        // Chrome
        else if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Chrome')) != -1) {
            browser = 'Chrome';
            version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 7);
        }
        // Safari
        else if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Safari')) != -1) {
            browser = 'Safari';
            version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 7);
            if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Version')) != -1) {
                version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 8);
            }

            // Chrome on iPad identifies itself as Safari. Actual results do not match what Google claims
            //  at: https://developers.google.com/chrome/mobile/docs/user-agent?hl=ja
            //  No mention of chrome in the user agent string. However it does mention CriOS, which presumably
            //  can be keyed on to detect it.
            if (nAgt.indexOf('CriOS') != -1) {
                //Chrome on iPad spoofing Safari...correct it.
                browser = 'Chrome';
                //Don't believe there is a way to grab the accurate version number, so leaving that for now.
            }
        }
        // Firefox
        else if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Firefox')) != -1) {
            browser = 'Firefox';
            version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 8);
        }
        // Other browsers
        else if ((nameOffset = nAgt.lastIndexOf(' ') + 1) < (verOffset = nAgt.lastIndexOf('/'))) {
            browser = nAgt.substring(nameOffset, verOffset);
            version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 1);
            if (browser.toLowerCase() == browser.toUpperCase()) {
                browser = navigator.appName;
            }
        }
        // trim the version string
        if ((ix = version.indexOf(';')) != -1) version = version.substring(0, ix);
        if ((ix = version.indexOf(' ')) != -1) version = version.substring(0, ix);
        if ((ix = version.indexOf(')')) != -1) version = version.substring(0, ix);

        majorVersion = parseInt('' + version, 10);
        if (isNaN(majorVersion)) {
            version = '' + parseFloat(navigator.appVersion);
            majorVersion = parseInt(navigator.appVersion, 10);
        }

        // mobile version
        var mobile = /Mobile|mini|Fennec|Android|iP(ad|od|hone)/.test(nVer);

        // cookie
        var cookieEnabled = (navigator.cookieEnabled) ? true : false;

        if (typeof navigator.cookieEnabled == 'undefined' && !cookieEnabled) {
            document.cookie = 'testcookie';
            cookieEnabled = (document.cookie.indexOf('testcookie') != -1) ? true : false;
        }

        // system
        var os = unknown;
        var clientStrings = [
            {s:'Windows 3.11', r:/Win16/},
            {s:'Windows 95', r:/(Windows 95|Win95|Windows_95)/},
            {s:'Windows ME', r:/(Win 9x 4.90|Windows ME)/},
            {s:'Windows 98', r:/(Windows 98|Win98)/},
            {s:'Windows CE', r:/Windows CE/},
            {s:'Windows 2000', r:/(Windows NT 5.0|Windows 2000)/},
            {s:'Windows XP', r:/(Windows NT 5.1|Windows XP)/},
            {s:'Windows Server 2003', r:/Windows NT 5.2/},
            {s:'Windows Vista', r:/Windows NT 6.0/},
            {s:'Windows 7', r:/(Windows 7|Windows NT 6.1)/},
            {s:'Windows 8.1', r:/(Windows 8.1|Windows NT 6.3)/},
            {s:'Windows 8', r:/(Windows 8|Windows NT 6.2)/},
            {s:'Windows NT 4.0', r:/(Windows NT 4.0|WinNT4.0|WinNT|Windows NT)/},
            {s:'Windows ME', r:/Windows ME/},
            {s:'Android', r:/Android/},
            {s:'Open BSD', r:/OpenBSD/},
            {s:'Sun OS', r:/SunOS/},
            {s:'Linux', r:/(Linux|X11)/},
            {s:'iOS', r:/(iPhone|iPad|iPod)/},
            {s:'Mac OS X', r:/Mac OS X/},
            {s:'Mac OS', r:/(MacPPC|MacIntel|Mac_PowerPC|Macintosh)/},
            {s:'QNX', r:/QNX/},
            {s:'UNIX', r:/UNIX/},
            {s:'BeOS', r:/BeOS/},
            {s:'OS/2', r:/OS\/2/},
            {s:'Search Bot', r:/(nuhk|Googlebot|Yammybot|Openbot|Slurp|MSNBot|Ask Jeeves\/Teoma|ia_archiver)/}
        ];
        for (var id in clientStrings) {
            var cs = clientStrings[id];
            if (cs.r.test(nAgt)) {
                os = cs.s;
                break;
            }
        }

        var osVersion = unknown;

        if (/Windows/.test(os)) {
            osVersion = /Windows (.*)/.exec(os)[1];
            os = 'Windows';
        }

        switch (os) {
            case 'Mac OS X':
                osVersion = /Mac OS X (10[\.\_\d]+)/.exec(nAgt)[1];
                break;

            case 'Android':
                osVersion = /Android ([\.\_\d]+)/.exec(nAgt)[1];
                break;

            case 'iOS':
                osVersion = /OS (\d+)_(\d+)_?(\d+)?/.exec(nVer);
                osVersion = osVersion[1] + '.' + osVersion[2] + '.' + (osVersion[3] | 0);
                break;

        }
    }

    window.browserInfo = {
        screen: screenSize,
        browser: browser,
        browserVersion: version,
        mobile: mobile,
        os: os,
        osVersion: osVersion,
        cookies: cookieEnabled
    };
}(this));

JavaScript可以访问window.navigator.platform-代表浏览器平台的字符串:https : //developer.mozilla.org/en/DOM/window.navigator.platform

用它来提取您需要(并且可以)的任何细节。注意,不能保证客户端实际使用该平台,因为可以通过多种方式轻松地对其进行修改。

platform.js似乎是一个不错的文件库。

用法示例:

// on IE10 x86 platform preview running in IE7 compatibility mode on Windows 7 64 bit edition
platform.name; // 'IE'
platform.version; // '10.0'
platform.layout; // 'Trident'
platform.os; // 'Windows Server 2008 R2 / 7 x64'
platform.description; // 'IE 10.0 x86 (platform preview; running in IE 7 mode) on Windows Server 2008 R2 / 7 x64'

// or on an iPad
platform.name; // 'Safari'
platform.version; // '5.1'
platform.product; // 'iPad'
platform.manufacturer; // 'Apple'
platform.layout; // 'WebKit'
platform.os; // 'iOS 5.0'
platform.description; // 'Safari 5.1 on Apple iPad (iOS 5.0)'

// or parsing a given UA string
var info = platform.parse('Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10.7.2; en; rv:2.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/4.0 Opera 11.52');
info.name; // 'Opera'
info.version; // '11.52'
info.layout; // 'Presto'
info.os; // 'Mac OS X 10.7.2'
info.description; // 'Opera 11.52 (identifying as Firefox 4.0) on Mac OS X 10.7.2'

您可以使用此javascript功能简单地检查用户的操作系统

  function getOS() {
  var userAgent = window.navigator.userAgent,
      platform = window.navigator.platform,
      macosPlatforms = ['Macintosh', 'MacIntel', 'MacPPC', 'Mac68K'],
      windowsPlatforms = ['Win32', 'Win64', 'Windows', 'WinCE'],
      iosPlatforms = ['iPhone', 'iPad', 'iPod'],
      os = null;

  if (macosPlatforms.indexOf(platform) !== -1) {
    os = 'Mac OS';
  } else if (iosPlatforms.indexOf(platform) !== -1) {
    os = 'iOS';
  } else if (windowsPlatforms.indexOf(platform) !== -1) {
    os = 'Windows';
  } else if (/Android/.test(userAgent)) {
    os = 'Android';
  } else if (!os && /Linux/.test(platform)) {
    os = 'Linux';
  }

  return os;
}

alert(getOS());

navigator正如其他人回答的那样,您可以在对象中找到操作系统名称和版本可在该navigator.userAgent属性中找到标准的跨浏览器位置但是,用户代理字符串因操作系统和浏览器而有很大差异。

因此,我创建了一个脚本来封装此逻辑,并以熟悉的方式(例如http://www.whatsmybrowser.org)在最常见的OS和浏览器上进行报告

我开源了脚本并将其上传到github,https://github.com/keithws/browser-report拉请求是欢迎的!

我创建了一个用于解析用户代理字符串的库,称为Voodoo但是请注意,不应其用作特征检测。

Voodoo所做的是,它解析了在导航器对象(window.navigator)中找到的userAgent字符串。并不是所有的浏览器都传递可靠的userAgent字符串,因此,尽管这是正常的方式,但仍不能始终信任userAgent。

派生@Ludwig代码并删除的必要性swfobject

我只是使用swfobject代码来检测Flash版本。

/**
 * JavaScript Client Detection
 * (C) viazenetti GmbH (Christian Ludwig)
 */
(function (window) {
    {
    var unknown = '-';

    // screen
    var screenSize = '';
    if (screen.width) {
        width = (screen.width) ? screen.width : '';
        height = (screen.height) ? screen.height : '';
        screenSize += '' + width + " x " + height;
    }

    //browser
    var nVer = navigator.appVersion;
    var nAgt = navigator.userAgent;
    var browser = navigator.appName;
    var version = '' + parseFloat(navigator.appVersion);
    var majorVersion = parseInt(navigator.appVersion, 10);
    var nameOffset, verOffset, ix;

    // Opera
    if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Opera')) != -1) {
        browser = 'Opera';
        version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 6);
        if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Version')) != -1) {
        version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 8);
        }
    }
    // MSIE
    else if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('MSIE')) != -1) {
        browser = 'Microsoft Internet Explorer';
        version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 5);
    }
    // Chrome
    else if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Chrome')) != -1) {
        browser = 'Chrome';
        version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 7);
    }
    // Safari
    else if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Safari')) != -1) {
        browser = 'Safari';
        version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 7);
        if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Version')) != -1) {
        version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 8);
        }
    }
    // Firefox
    else if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Firefox')) != -1) {
        browser = 'Firefox';
        version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 8);
    }
    // MSIE 11+
    else if (nAgt.indexOf('Trident/') != -1) {
        browser = 'Microsoft Internet Explorer';
        version = nAgt.substring(nAgt.indexOf('rv:') + 3);
    }
    // Other browsers
    else if ((nameOffset = nAgt.lastIndexOf(' ') + 1) < (verOffset = nAgt.lastIndexOf('/'))) {
        browser = nAgt.substring(nameOffset, verOffset);
        version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 1);
        if (browser.toLowerCase() == browser.toUpperCase()) {
        browser = navigator.appName;
        }
    }
    // trim the version string
    if ((ix = version.indexOf(';')) != -1) version = version.substring(0, ix);
    if ((ix = version.indexOf(' ')) != -1) version = version.substring(0, ix);
    if ((ix = version.indexOf(')')) != -1) version = version.substring(0, ix);

    majorVersion = parseInt('' + version, 10);
    if (isNaN(majorVersion)) {
        version = '' + parseFloat(navigator.appVersion);
        majorVersion = parseInt(navigator.appVersion, 10);
    }

    // mobile version
    var mobile = /Mobile|mini|Fennec|Android|iP(ad|od|hone)/.test(nVer);

    // cookie
    var cookieEnabled = (navigator.cookieEnabled) ? true : false;

    if (typeof navigator.cookieEnabled == 'undefined' && !cookieEnabled) {
        document.cookie = 'testcookie';
        cookieEnabled = (document.cookie.indexOf('testcookie') != -1) ? true : false;
    }

    // system
    var os = unknown;
    var clientStrings = [
        {s:'Windows 10', r:/(Windows 10.0|Windows NT 10.0)/},
        {s:'Windows 8.1', r:/(Windows 8.1|Windows NT 6.3)/},
        {s:'Windows 8', r:/(Windows 8|Windows NT 6.2)/},
        {s:'Windows 7', r:/(Windows 7|Windows NT 6.1)/},
        {s:'Windows Vista', r:/Windows NT 6.0/},
        {s:'Windows Server 2003', r:/Windows NT 5.2/},
        {s:'Windows XP', r:/(Windows NT 5.1|Windows XP)/},
        {s:'Windows 2000', r:/(Windows NT 5.0|Windows 2000)/},
        {s:'Windows ME', r:/(Win 9x 4.90|Windows ME)/},
        {s:'Windows 98', r:/(Windows 98|Win98)/},
        {s:'Windows 95', r:/(Windows 95|Win95|Windows_95)/},
        {s:'Windows NT 4.0', r:/(Windows NT 4.0|WinNT4.0|WinNT|Windows NT)/},
        {s:'Windows CE', r:/Windows CE/},
        {s:'Windows 3.11', r:/Win16/},
        {s:'Android', r:/Android/},
        {s:'Open BSD', r:/OpenBSD/},
        {s:'Sun OS', r:/SunOS/},
        {s:'Linux', r:/(Linux|X11)/},
        {s:'iOS', r:/(iPhone|iPad|iPod)/},
        {s:'Mac OS X', r:/Mac OS X/},
        {s:'Mac OS', r:/(MacPPC|MacIntel|Mac_PowerPC|Macintosh)/},
        {s:'QNX', r:/QNX/},
        {s:'UNIX', r:/UNIX/},
        {s:'BeOS', r:/BeOS/},
        {s:'OS/2', r:/OS\/2/},
        {s:'Search Bot', r:/(nuhk|Googlebot|Yammybot|Openbot|Slurp|MSNBot|Ask Jeeves\/Teoma|ia_archiver)/}
    ];
    for (var id in clientStrings) {
        var cs = clientStrings[id];
        if (cs.r.test(nAgt)) {
        os = cs.s;
        break;
        }
    }

    var osVersion = unknown;

    if (/Windows/.test(os)) {
        osVersion = /Windows (.*)/.exec(os)[1];
        os = 'Windows';
    }

    switch (os) {
        case 'Mac OS X':
        osVersion = /Mac OS X (10[\.\_\d]+)/.exec(nAgt)[1];
        break;

        case 'Android':
        osVersion = /Android ([\.\_\d]+)/.exec(nAgt)[1];
        break;

        case 'iOS':
        osVersion = /OS (\d+)_(\d+)_?(\d+)?/.exec(nVer);
        osVersion = osVersion[1] + '.' + osVersion[2] + '.' + (osVersion[3] | 0);
        break;
    }

    var flashVersion = 'no check', d, fv = [];
    if (typeof navigator.plugins !== 'undefined' && typeof navigator.plugins["Shockwave Flash"] === "object") {
        d = navigator.plugins["Shockwave Flash"].description;
        if (d && !(typeof navigator.mimeTypes !== 'undefined' && navigator.mimeTypes["application/x-shockwave-flash"] && !navigator.mimeTypes["application/x-shockwave-flash"].enabledPlugin)) { // navigator.mimeTypes["application/x-shockwave-flash"].enabledPlugin indicates whether plug-ins are enabled or disabled in Safari 3+
        d = d.replace(/^.*\s+(\S+\s+\S+$)/, "$1");
        fv[0] = parseInt(d.replace(/^(.*)\..*$/, "$1"), 10);
        fv[1] = parseInt(d.replace(/^.*\.(.*)\s.*$/, "$1"), 10);
        fv[2] = /[a-zA-Z]/.test(d) ? parseInt(d.replace(/^.*[a-zA-Z]+(.*)$/, "$1"), 10) : 0;
        }
    } else if (typeof window.ActiveXObject !== 'undefined') {
        try {
        var a = new ActiveXObject("ShockwaveFlash.ShockwaveFlash");
        if (a) { // a will return null when ActiveX is disabled
            d = a.GetVariable("$version");
            if (d) {
            d = d.split(" ")[1].split(",");
            fv = [parseInt(d[0], 10), parseInt(d[1], 10), parseInt(d[2], 10)];
            }
        }
        }
        catch(e) {}
    }
    if (fv.length) {
        flashVersion = fv[0] + '.' + fv[1] + ' r' + fv[2];
    }    
    }

    window.jscd = {
    screen: screenSize,
    browser: browser,
    browserVersion: version,
    mobile: mobile,
    os: os,
    osVersion: osVersion,
    cookies: cookieEnabled,
    flashVersion: flashVersion
    };
}(this));

alert(
    'OS: ' + jscd.os +' '+ jscd.osVersion + '\n'+
    'Browser: ' + jscd.browser +' '+ jscd.browserVersion + '\n' + 
    'Mobile: ' + jscd.mobile + '\n' +
    'Flash: ' + jscd.flashVersion + '\n' +
    'Cookies: ' + jscd.cookies + '\n' +
    'Screen Size: ' + jscd.screen + '\n\n' +
    'Full User Agent: ' + navigator.userAgent
);

使用detectOS.js

var Detect = {
    init: function () {
        this.OS = this.searchString(this.dataOS);
    },
    searchString: function (data) {
        for (var i=0;i<data.length;i++) {
            var dataString = data[i].string;
            var dataProp = data[i].prop;
            if (dataString) {
                if (dataString.indexOf(data[i].subString) != -1)
                    return data[i].identity;
            }
            else if (dataProp)
                return data[i].identity;
        }
    },
    dataOS : [
        {
            string: navigator.platform,
            subString: 'Win',
            identity: 'Windows'
        },
        {
            string: navigator.platform,
            subString: 'Mac',
            identity: 'macOS'
        },
        {
            string: navigator.userAgent,
            subString: 'iPhone',
            identity: 'iOS'
        },
        {
            string: navigator.userAgent,
            subString: 'iPad',
            identity: 'iOS'
        },
        {
            string: navigator.userAgent,
            subString: 'iPod',
            identity: 'iOS'
        },
        {
            string: navigator.userAgent,
            subString: 'Android',
            identity: 'Android'
        },
        {
            string: navigator.platform,
            subString: 'Linux',
            identity: 'Linux'
        }
    ]
};

Detect.init();

console.log("We know your OS – it's " + Detect.OS + ". We know everything about you.");

我无法对@Ian Ippolito答案发表评论(因为如果我有代表,我将有评论),但是根据他的评论所链接的文档,我相当确定您可以找到IOS的Chrome版本。https://developer.chrome.com/multidevice/user-agent?hl=ja将UA列为:Mozilla / 5.0(iPhone; CPU iPhone OS 10_3,例如Mac OS X)AppleWebKit / 602.1.50(KHTML,例如Gecko) CriOS / 56.0.2924.75 Mobile / 14E5239e Safari / 602.1

所以这应该工作:

if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('CriOS')) != -1) {
                //Chrome on iPad spoofing Safari...correct it.
                browser = 'Chrome';
                version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 6);//should get the criOS ver.
            }

无法测试(否则我会改善他的回答),以确保自从iPad在家中而且我在工作时,但我认为应该将它放在那里。

嘿,快速解决方案可以考虑以下库:UAPARSER- https ://www.npmjs.com/package/ua-parser-js

例如:

<script type="text/javascript" src="ua-parser.min.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">

var parser = new UAParser();
console.log(parser.getOS()) // will log  {name: "", version:""}

您还可以通过npm安装该库,并按以下方式导入它:

import { UAParser } from 'ua-parser-js';
let parser = new UAParser();
parser.getOS();

该库是基于JS的用户代理字符串解析器(window.navigator.userAgent是浏览器上的用户代理),因此您可以获取其他详细信息,例如浏览器,设备,引擎等,并且可以与节点js一起使用。也一样

如果您需要输入库:https : //www.npmjs.com/package/@types/ua-parser-js

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