如何使用lodash对2个对象进行深度比较?

2020/10/03 22:01 · javascript ·  · 0评论

我有2个不同的嵌套对象,我需要知道它们的嵌套属性之一是否有所不同。

var a = {};
var b = {};

a.prop1 = 2;
a.prop2 = { prop3: 2 };

b.prop1 = 2;
b.prop2 = { prop3: 3 };

具有更多嵌套属性的对象可能会更加复杂。但这是一个很好的例子。我可以选择使用递归函数或带有lodash的东西...

一个简单而优雅的解决方案是使用_.isEqual,它可以进行深度比较:

var a = {};
var b = {};

a.prop1 = 2;
a.prop2 = { prop3: 2 };

b.prop1 = 2;
b.prop2 = { prop3: 3 };

console.log(_.isEqual(a, b)); // returns false if different
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/lodash.js/4.17.4/lodash.min.js"></script>

但是,此解决方案未显示哪个属性不同。

如果您需要知道哪些属性不同,请使用reduce()

_.reduce(a, function(result, value, key) {
    return _.isEqual(value, b[key]) ?
        result : result.concat(key);
}, []);
// → [ "prop2" ]

对于绊倒这个线程的任何人,这是一个更完整的解决方案。它将比较两个对象,并为您提供所有属性的键,这些属性要么仅在object1中仅在object2中,要么都在object1和object2中,但具有不同的值

/*
 * Compare two objects by reducing an array of keys in obj1, having the
 * keys in obj2 as the intial value of the result. Key points:
 *
 * - All keys of obj2 are initially in the result.
 *
 * - If the loop finds a key (from obj1, remember) not in obj2, it adds
 *   it to the result.
 *
 * - If the loop finds a key that are both in obj1 and obj2, it compares
 *   the value. If it's the same value, the key is removed from the result.
 */
function getObjectDiff(obj1, obj2) {
    const diff = Object.keys(obj1).reduce((result, key) => {
        if (!obj2.hasOwnProperty(key)) {
            result.push(key);
        } else if (_.isEqual(obj1[key], obj2[key])) {
            const resultKeyIndex = result.indexOf(key);
            result.splice(resultKeyIndex, 1);
        }
        return result;
    }, Object.keys(obj2));

    return diff;
}

这是一个示例输出:

// Test
let obj1 = {
    a: 1,
    b: 2,
    c: { foo: 1, bar: 2},
    d: { baz: 1, bat: 2 }
}

let obj2 = {
    b: 2, 
    c: { foo: 1, bar: 'monkey'}, 
    d: { baz: 1, bat: 2 }
    e: 1
}
getObjectDiff(obj1, obj2)
// ["c", "e", "a"]

如果您不关心嵌套对象并想跳过lodash,则可以用代替_.isEqual常规值比较,例如obj1[key] === obj2[key]

基于Adam Boduch的回答,我编写了此函数,该函数以尽可能深的意义比较两个对象,返回具有不同值的路径以及一个或另一个对象缺少的路径。

编写代码时并未考虑效率,因此在这方面进行改进是最可取的,但是这是基本形式:

var compare = function (a, b) {

  var result = {
    different: [],
    missing_from_first: [],
    missing_from_second: []
  };

  _.reduce(a, function (result, value, key) {
    if (b.hasOwnProperty(key)) {
      if (_.isEqual(value, b[key])) {
        return result;
      } else {
        if (typeof (a[key]) != typeof ({}) || typeof (b[key]) != typeof ({})) {
          //dead end.
          result.different.push(key);
          return result;
        } else {
          var deeper = compare(a[key], b[key]);
          result.different = result.different.concat(_.map(deeper.different, (sub_path) => {
            return key + "." + sub_path;
          }));

          result.missing_from_second = result.missing_from_second.concat(_.map(deeper.missing_from_second, (sub_path) => {
            return key + "." + sub_path;
          }));

          result.missing_from_first = result.missing_from_first.concat(_.map(deeper.missing_from_first, (sub_path) => {
            return key + "." + sub_path;
          }));
          return result;
        }
      }
    } else {
      result.missing_from_second.push(key);
      return result;
    }
  }, result);

  _.reduce(b, function (result, value, key) {
    if (a.hasOwnProperty(key)) {
      return result;
    } else {
      result.missing_from_first.push(key);
      return result;
    }
  }, result);

  return result;
}

您可以使用以下代码段尝试代码(建议以全页模式运行):

这是一个简洁的解决方案:

_.differenceWith(a, b, _.isEqual);

要递归显示对象与其他对象的区别,可以将_.reduce_.isEqual_.isPlainObject结合使用在这种情况下,您可以比较a与b的区别或b与a的区别:

var a = {prop1: {prop1_1: 'text 1', prop1_2: 'text 2', prop1_3: [1, 2, 3]}, prop2: 2, prop3: 3};
var b = {prop1: {prop1_1: 'text 1', prop1_3: [1, 2]}, prop2: 2, prop3: 4};

var diff = function(obj1, obj2) {
  return _.reduce(obj1, function(result, value, key) {
    if (_.isPlainObject(value)) {
      result[key] = diff(value, obj2[key]);
    } else if (!_.isEqual(value, obj2[key])) {
      result[key] = value;
    }
    return result;
  }, {});
};

var res1 = diff(a, b);
var res2 = diff(b, a);
console.log(res1);
console.log(res2);
<script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/lodash@4.17.4/lodash.min.js"></script>

简单易用的_.isEqual方法,适用于所有比较...

  • 注意:此方法支持比较数组,数组缓冲区,布尔值,日期对象,错误对象,映射,数字,Object对象,正则表达式,集合,字符串,符号和类型化数组。Object*对象是通过自身(而不是继承的)可枚举属性进行比较的。支持函数和DOM *节点

因此,如果您具有以下条件:

 const firstName = {name: "Alireza"};
 const otherName = {name: "Alireza"};

如果你这样做: _.isEqual(firstName, otherName);

它将返回true

而如果 const fullName = {firstName: "Alireza", familyName: "Dezfoolian"};

如果你这样做: _.isEqual(firstName, fullName);

将返回

此代码返回一个对象,该对象的所有属性都具有不同的值,并且两个对象的值也不同。有助于记录差异。

var allkeys = _.union(_.keys(obj1), _.keys(obj2));
var difference = _.reduce(allkeys, function (result, key) {
  if ( !_.isEqual(obj1[key], obj2[key]) ) {
    result[key] = {obj1: obj1[key], obj2: obj2[key]}
  }
  return result;
}, {});

在不使用lodash /下划线的情况下,我已经编写了这段代码,并且对于将object1与object2进行深度比较对我来说工作正常

function getObjectDiff(a, b) {
    var diffObj = {};
    if (Array.isArray(a)) {
        a.forEach(function(elem, index) {
            if (!Array.isArray(diffObj)) {
                diffObj = [];
            }
            diffObj[index] = getObjectDiff(elem, (b || [])[index]);
        });
    } else if (a != null && typeof a == 'object') {
        Object.keys(a).forEach(function(key) {
            if (Array.isArray(a[key])) {
                var arr = getObjectDiff(a[key], b[key]);
                if (!Array.isArray(arr)) {
                    arr = [];
                }
                arr.forEach(function(elem, index) {
                    if (!Array.isArray(diffObj[key])) {
                        diffObj[key] = [];
                    }
                    diffObj[key][index] = elem;
                });
            } else if (typeof a[key] == 'object') {
                diffObj[key] = getObjectDiff(a[key], b[key]);
            } else if (a[key] != (b || {})[key]) {
                diffObj[key] = a[key];
            } else if (a[key] == (b || {})[key]) {
                delete a[key];
            }
        });
    }
    Object.keys(diffObj).forEach(function(key) {
        if (typeof diffObj[key] == 'object' && JSON.stringify(diffObj[key]) == '{}') {
            delete diffObj[key];
        }
    });
    return diffObj;
}

使用(嵌套)属性模板进行深度比较以检查

function objetcsDeepEqualByTemplate(objectA, objectB, comparisonTemplate) {
  if (!objectA || !objectB) return false

  let areDifferent = false
  Object.keys(comparisonTemplate).some((key) => {
    if (typeof comparisonTemplate[key] === 'object') {
      areDifferent = !objetcsDeepEqualByTemplate(objectA[key], objectB[key], comparisonTemplate[key])
      return areDifferent
    } else if (comparisonTemplate[key] === true) {
      areDifferent = objectA[key] !== objectB[key]
      return areDifferent
    } else {
      return false
    }
  })

  return !areDifferent
}

const objA = { 
  a: 1,
  b: {
    a: 21,
    b: 22,
  },
  c: 3,
}

const objB = { 
  a: 1,
  b: {
    a: 21,
    b: 25,
  },
  c: true,
}

// template tells which props to compare
const comparisonTemplateA = {
  a: true,
  b: {
    a: true
  }
}
objetcsDeepEqualByTemplate(objA, objB, comparisonTemplateA)
// returns true

const comparisonTemplateB = {
  a: true,
  c: true
}
// returns false
objetcsDeepEqualByTemplate(objA, objB, comparisonTemplateB)

这将在控制台中工作。如果需要,可以添加阵列支持

我刺了亚当·博杜奇(Adam Boduch)的代码来输出一个深的差异-完全未经测试,但是片段仍然存在:

function diff (obj1, obj2, path) {
    obj1 = obj1 || {};
    obj2 = obj2 || {};

    return _.reduce(obj1, function(result, value, key) {
        var p = path ? path + '.' + key : key;
        if (_.isObject(value)) {
            var d = diff(value, obj2[key], p);
            return d.length ? result.concat(d) : result;
        }
        return _.isEqual(value, obj2[key]) ? result : result.concat(p);
    }, []);
}

diff({ foo: 'lol', bar: { baz: true }}, {}) // returns ["foo", "bar.baz"]

根据要求,这是一个递归对象比较功能。还有一点。假设此类功能的主要用途是对象检查,那么我有话要说。当某些差异无关紧要时,完全深入的比较是一个坏主意。例如,TDD断言中的盲目的深度比较使测试变得不必要地脆弱。因此,我想介绍一个更有价值的part diff它是对该线程先前贡献的递归模拟。它忽略不存在键

var bdiff = (a, b) =>
    _.reduce(a, (res, val, key) =>
        res.concat((_.isPlainObject(val) || _.isArray(val)) && b
            ? bdiff(val, b[key]).map(x => key + '.' + x) 
            : (!b || val != b[key] ? [key] : [])),
        []);

BDiff允许在容忍其他属性的同时检查期望值,这正是您希望自动检查的结果。这允许构建各种高级断言。例如:

var diff = bdiff(expected, actual);
// all expected properties match
console.assert(diff.length == 0, "Objects differ", diff, expected, actual);
// controlled inequality
console.assert(diff.length < 3, "Too many differences", diff, expected, actual);

返回完整的解决方案。使用bdiff构建完整的传统diff很简单:

function diff(a, b) {
    var u = bdiff(a, b), v = bdiff(b, a);
    return u.filter(x=>!v.includes(x)).map(x=>' < ' + x)
    .concat(u.filter(x=>v.includes(x)).map(x=>' | ' + x))
    .concat(v.filter(x=>!u.includes(x)).map(x=>' > ' + x));
};

在两个复杂的对象上运行上面的函数将输出类似于以下内容:

 [
  " < components.0.components.1.components.1.isNew",
  " < components.0.cryptoKey",
  " | components.0.components.2.components.2.components.2.FFT.min",
  " | components.0.components.2.components.2.components.2.FFT.max",
  " > components.0.components.1.components.1.merkleTree",
  " > components.0.components.2.components.2.components.2.merkleTree",
  " > components.0.components.3.FFTResult"
 ]

最后,为了了解这些值之间的差异,我们可能希望直接eval() diff输出。为此,我们需要一个较丑陋的bdiff版本,版本可以输出语法正确的路径:

// provides syntactically correct output
var bdiff = (a, b) =>
    _.reduce(a, (res, val, key) =>
        res.concat((_.isPlainObject(val) || _.isArray(val)) && b
            ? bdiff(val, b[key]).map(x => 
                key + (key.trim ? '':']') + (x.search(/^\d/)? '.':'[') + x)
            : (!b || val != b[key] ? [key + (key.trim ? '':']')] : [])),
        []);

// now we can eval output of the diff fuction that we left unchanged
diff(a, b).filter(x=>x[1] == '|').map(x=>[x].concat([a, b].map(y=>((z) =>eval('z.' + x.substr(3))).call(this, y)))));

这将输出类似于以下内容:

[" | components[0].components[2].components[2].components[2].FFT.min", 0, 3]
[" | components[0].components[2].components[2].components[2].FFT.max", 100, 50]

MIT许可证;)

完成了亚当·博杜奇(Adam Boduch)的回答后,该书考虑了属性的差异

const differenceOfKeys = (...objects) =>
  _.difference(...objects.map(obj => Object.keys(obj)));
const differenceObj = (a, b) => 
  _.reduce(a, (result, value, key) => (
    _.isEqual(value, b[key]) ? result : [...result, key]
  ), differenceOfKeys(b, a));

如果只需要键比较:

 _.reduce(a, function(result, value, key) {
     return b[key] === undefined ? key : []
  }, []);

这是一个带有Lodash深度差异检查器的简单Typescript,它将产生一个新对象,其中包含旧对象和新对象之间的差异。

例如,如果我们有:

const oldData = {a: 1, b: 2};
const newData = {a: 1, b: 3};

结果对象将是:

const result: {b: 3};

它还与多层深层对象兼容,对于数组,可能需要进行一些调整。

import * as _ from "lodash";

export const objectDeepDiff = (data: object | any, oldData: object | any) => {
  const record: any = {};
  Object.keys(data).forEach((key: string) => {
    // Checks that isn't an object and isn't equal
    if (!(typeof data[key] === "object" && _.isEqual(data[key], oldData[key]))) {
      record[key] = data[key];
    }
    // If is an object, and the object isn't equal
    if ((typeof data[key] === "object" && !_.isEqual(data[key], oldData[key]))) {
      record[key] = objectDeepDiff(data[key], oldData[key]);
    }
  });
  return record;
};

我需要知道它们的嵌套属性之一是否有所不同

其他答案为该问题提供了可能令人满意的解决方案,但它似乎非常困难且普遍,似乎有一个非常受欢迎的软件包可以帮助解决该问题deep-object-diff

要使用此软件包,您需要npm i deep-object-diff

const { diff } = require('deep-object-diff');
var a = {};
var b = {};

a.prop1 = 2;
a.prop2 = { prop3: 2 };

b.prop1 = 2;
b.prop2 = { prop3: 3 };

if (!_.isEqual(a, b)) {
  const abDiff = diff(a, b);
  console.log(abDiff);
  /*
  {
    prop2: {
      prop3: 3
    }
  }
  */
}

// or alternatively
const abDiff = diff(a, b);
if(!_.isEmpty(abDiff)) {
  // if a diff exists then they aren't deeply equal
  // perform needed actions with diff...
}

这是一个更详细的案例,其中直接从其文档中删除了属性:

const lhs = {
  foo: {
    bar: {
      a: ['a', 'b'],
      b: 2,
      c: ['x', 'y'],
      e: 100 // deleted
    }
  },
  buzz: 'world'
};

const rhs = {
  foo: {
    bar: {
      a: ['a'], // index 1 ('b')  deleted
      b: 2, // unchanged
      c: ['x', 'y', 'z'], // 'z' added
      d: 'Hello, world!' // added
    }
  },
  buzz: 'fizz' // updated
};

console.log(diff(lhs, rhs)); // =>
/*
{
  foo: {
    bar: {
      a: {
        '1': undefined
      },
      c: {
        '2': 'z'
      },
      d: 'Hello, world!',
      e: undefined
    }
  },
  buzz: 'fizz'
}
*/

有关实现的详细信息和其他用法信息,请参阅该仓库。

我们有这样的要求:获取两个json更新之间的增量以跟踪数据库更新。也许其他人可以找到帮助。

https://gist.github.com/jp6rt/7fcb6907e159d7851c8d59840b669e3d

const {
  isObject,
  isEqual,
  transform,
  has,
  merge,
} = require('lodash');
const assert = require('assert');

/**
 * Perform a symmetric comparison on JSON object.
 * @param {*} baseObj - The base object to be used for comparison against the withObj.
 * @param {*} withObj - The withObject parameter is used as the comparison on the base object.
 * @param {*} invert  - Because this is a symmetric comparison. Some values in the with object
 *                      that doesn't exist on the base will be lost in translation.
 *                      You can execute again the function again with the parameters interchanged.
 *                      However you will lose the reference if the value is from the base or with
 *                      object if you intended to do an assymetric comparison.
 *                      Setting this to true will do make sure the reference is not lost.
 * @returns           - The returned object will label the result of the comparison with the
 *                      value from base and with object.
 */
const diffSym = (baseObj, withObj, invert = false) => transform(baseObj, (result, value, key) => {
  if (isEqual(value, withObj[key])
    && has(withObj, key)) {
    return;
  }

  if (isObject(value)
    && isObject(withObj[key])
    && !Array.isArray(value)) {
    result[key] = diffSym(value, withObj[key], invert);
    return;
  }

  if (!invert) {
    result[key] = {
      base: value,
      with: withObj[key],
    };
    return;
  }

  if (invert) {
    result[key] = {
      base: withObj[key],
      with: value,
    };
  }
});

/**
 * Perform a assymmetric comparison on JSON object.
 * @param {*} baseObj - The base object to be used for comparison against the withObj.
 * @param {*} withObj - The withObject parameter is used as the comparison on the base object.
 * @returns           - The returned object will label the values with
 *                      reference to the base and with object.
 */
const diffJSON = (baseObj, withObj) => {
  // Deep clone the objects so we don't update the reference objects.
  const baseObjClone = JSON.parse(JSON.stringify(baseObj));
  const withObjClone = JSON.parse(JSON.stringify(withObj));

  const beforeDelta = diffSym(baseObjClone, withObjClone);
  const afterDelta = diffSym(withObjClone, baseObjClone, true);

  return merge(afterDelta, beforeDelta);
};

// By Example:

const beforeDataObj = {
  a: 1,
  c: { d: 2, f: 3 },
  g: 4,
  h: 5,
};
const afterDataObj = {
  a: 2,
  b: 3,
  c: { d: 1, e: 1 },
  h: 5,
};

const delta = diffJSON(beforeDataObj, afterDataObj);

// Assert expected result.
assert(isEqual(delta, {
  a: { base: 1, with: 2 },
  b: { base: undefined, with: 3 },
  c: {
    d: { base: 2, with: 1 },
    e: { base: undefined, with: 1 },
    f: { base: 3, with: undefined },
  },
  g: { base: 4, with: undefined },
}));
var isEqual = function(f,s) {
  if (f === s) return true;

  if (Array.isArray(f)&&Array.isArray(s)) {
    return isEqual(f.sort(), s.sort());
  }
  if (_.isObject(f)) {
    return isEqual(f, s);
  }
  return _.isEqual(f, s);
};

这是基于@JLavoie,使用lodash

let differences = function (newObj, oldObj) {
      return _.reduce(newObj, function (result, value, key) {
        if (!_.isEqual(value, oldObj[key])) {
          if (_.isArray(value)) {
            result[key] = []
            _.forEach(value, function (innerObjFrom1, index) {
              if (_.isNil(oldObj[key][index])) {
                result[key].push(innerObjFrom1)
              } else {
                let changes = differences(innerObjFrom1, oldObj[key][index])
                if (!_.isEmpty(changes)) {
                  result[key].push(changes)
                }
              }
            })
          } else if (_.isObject(value)) {
            result[key] = differences(value, oldObj[key])
          } else {
            result[key] = value
          }
        }
        return result
      }, {})
    }

https://jsfiddle.net/EmilianoBarboza/0g0sn3b9/8/

为了建立Sridhar Gudimela的答案,这里以一种使Flow满意的方式进行了更新:

"use strict"; /* @flow */



//  E X P O R T

export const objectCompare = (objectA: any, objectB: any) => {
  let diffObj = {};

  switch(true) {
    case (Array.isArray(objectA)):
      objectA.forEach((elem, index) => {
        if (!Array.isArray(diffObj))
          diffObj = [];

        diffObj[index] = objectCompare(elem, (objectB || [])[index]);
      });

      break;

    case (objectA !== null && typeof objectA === "object"):
      Object.keys(objectA).forEach((key: any) => {
        if (Array.isArray(objectA[key])) {
          let arr = objectCompare(objectA[key], objectB[key]);

          if (!Array.isArray(arr))
            arr = [];

          arr.forEach((elem, index) => {
            if (!Array.isArray(diffObj[key]))
              diffObj[key] = [];

            diffObj[key][index] = elem;
          });
        } else if (typeof objectA[key] === "object")
          diffObj[key] = objectCompare(objectA[key], objectB[key]);
        else if (objectA[key] !== (objectB || {})[key])
          diffObj[key] = objectA[key];
        else if (objectA[key] === (objectB || {})[key])
          delete objectA[key];
      });

      break;

    default:
      break;
  }

  Object.keys(diffObj).forEach((key: any) => {
    if (typeof diffObj[key] === "object" && JSON.stringify(diffObj[key]) === "{}")
      delete diffObj[key];
  });

  return diffObj;
};

只是使用香草js

let a = {};
let b = {};

a.prop1 = 2;
a.prop2 = { prop3: 2 };

b.prop1 = 2;
b.prop2 = { prop3: 3 };

JSON.stringify(a) === JSON.stringify(b);
// false
b.prop2 = { prop3: 2};

JSON.stringify(a) === JSON.stringify(b);
// true

在此处输入图片说明

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