如何在contenteditable元素(div)中设置插入符(光标)的位置?

2020/10/18 07:01 · javascript ·  · 0评论

我以这个简单的HTML为例:

<div id="editable" contenteditable="true">
  text text text<br>
  text text text<br>
  text text text<br>
</div>
<button id="button">focus</button>

我想要简单的事情-单击按钮时,我想将插入符号(光标)放置到可编辑div中的特定位置。通过网络搜索,我将这个JS附加到了按钮单击上,但是它不起作用(FF,Chrome):

var range = document.createRange();
var myDiv = document.getElementById("editable");
range.setStart(myDiv, 5);
range.setEnd(myDiv, 5);

是否可以像这样手动设置插入符号的位置?

在大多数浏览器中,您需要RangeSelection对象。您可以将每个选择边界指定为一个节点,并在该节点内指定一个偏移量。例如,要将插入号设置为文本第二行的第五个字符,请执行以下操作:

function setCaret() {
    var el = document.getElementById("editable")
    var range = document.createRange()
    var sel = window.getSelection()
    
    range.setStart(el.childNodes[2], 5)
    range.collapse(true)
    
    sel.removeAllRanges()
    sel.addRange(range)
}
<div id="editable" contenteditable="true">
  text text text<br>text text text<br>text text text<br>
</div>

<button id="button" onclick="setCaret()">focus</button>

IE <9的工作原理完全不同。如果需要支持这些浏览器,则需要其他代码。

jsFiddle示例:http : //jsfiddle.net/timdown/vXnCM/

在内容可编辑的光标位置上找到的大多数答案都非常简单,因为它们仅适合纯文本的输入。在容器中使用html元素后,输入的文本将分成多个节点并在树结构中自由分布。

要设置光标位置,我具有此功能,该功能在提供的节点内循环所有子文本节点,并设置从初始节点的开始到chars.count字符的范围:

function createRange(node, chars, range) {
    if (!range) {
        range = document.createRange()
        range.selectNode(node);
        range.setStart(node, 0);
    }

    if (chars.count === 0) {
        range.setEnd(node, chars.count);
    } else if (node && chars.count >0) {
        if (node.nodeType === Node.TEXT_NODE) {
            if (node.textContent.length < chars.count) {
                chars.count -= node.textContent.length;
            } else {
                range.setEnd(node, chars.count);
                chars.count = 0;
            }
        } else {
           for (var lp = 0; lp < node.childNodes.length; lp++) {
                range = createRange(node.childNodes[lp], chars, range);

                if (chars.count === 0) {
                    break;
                }
            }
        }
    } 

    return range;
};

然后,我使用以下函数调用例程:

function setCurrentCursorPosition(chars) {
    if (chars >= 0) {
        var selection = window.getSelection();

        range = createRange(document.getElementById("test").parentNode, { count: chars });

        if (range) {
            range.collapse(false);
            selection.removeAllRanges();
            selection.addRange(range);
        }
    }
};

range.collapse(false)将光标设置到范围的末尾。我已经使用最新版本的Chrome,IE,Mozilla和Opera对其进行了测试,它们都可以正常工作。

PS。如果有人感兴趣,我可以使用以下代码获取当前光标位置:

function isChildOf(node, parentId) {
    while (node !== null) {
        if (node.id === parentId) {
            return true;
        }
        node = node.parentNode;
    }

    return false;
};

function getCurrentCursorPosition(parentId) {
    var selection = window.getSelection(),
        charCount = -1,
        node;

    if (selection.focusNode) {
        if (isChildOf(selection.focusNode, parentId)) {
            node = selection.focusNode; 
            charCount = selection.focusOffset;

            while (node) {
                if (node.id === parentId) {
                    break;
                }

                if (node.previousSibling) {
                    node = node.previousSibling;
                    charCount += node.textContent.length;
                } else {
                     node = node.parentNode;
                     if (node === null) {
                         break
                     }
                }
           }
      }
   }

    return charCount;
};

该代码执行与set函数相反的操作-它获取当前window.getSelection()。focusNode和focusOffset,并向后计数遇到的所有文本字符,直到它到达ID为containerId的父节点。isChildOf函数仅在运行之前检查所提供的节点实际上是所提供的parentId的子级

该代码应直接工作,没有变化,但我刚刚从插件我已经开发等等都出来砍死一对夫妇一个jQuery采取它这个的-让我知道如果有什么不工作!

如果您不想使用jQuery,可以尝试以下方法:

public setCaretPosition() {
    const editableDiv = document.getElementById('contenteditablediv');
    const lastLine = this.input.nativeElement.innerHTML.replace(/.*?(<br>)/g, '');
    const selection = window.getSelection();
    selection.collapse(editableDiv.childNodes[editableDiv.childNodes.length - 1], lastLine.length);
}

editableDiv您可编辑的元素,别忘了为其设置一个id然后,您需要innerHTML从元件中取出并切断所有制动管路。并使用下一个参数设置折叠。

  const el = document.getElementById("editable");
  el.focus()
  let char = 1, sel; // character at which to place caret

  if (document.selection) {
    sel = document.selection.createRange();
    sel.moveStart('character', char);
    sel.select();
  }
  else {
    sel = window.getSelection();
    sel.collapse(el.lastChild, char);
  }
function set_mouse() {
  var as = document.getElementById("editable");
  el = as.childNodes[1].childNodes[0]; //goal is to get ('we') id to write (object Text) because it work only in object text
  var range = document.createRange();
  var sel = window.getSelection();
  range.setStart(el, 1);
  range.collapse(true);
  sel.removeAllRanges();
  sel.addRange(range);

  document.getElementById("we").innerHTML = el; // see out put of we id
}
<div id="editable" contenteditable="true">dddddddddddddddddddddddddddd
  <p>dd</p>psss
  <p>dd</p>
  <p>dd</p>
  <p>text text text</p>
</div>
<p id='we'></p>
<button onclick="set_mouse()">focus</button>

当您拥有(p)(span)等进阶元素时,很难将插入符号设置在适当的位置。目标是获得(对象文本):

<div id="editable" contenteditable="true">dddddddddddddddddddddddddddd<p>dd</p>psss<p>dd</p>
    <p>dd</p>
    <p>text text text</p>
</div>
<p id='we'></p>
<button onclick="set_mouse()">focus</button>
<script>

    function set_mouse() {
        var as = document.getElementById("editable");
        el = as.childNodes[1].childNodes[0];//goal is to get ('we') id to write (object Text) because it work only in object text
        var range = document.createRange();
        var sel = window.getSelection();
        range.setStart(el, 1);
        range.collapse(true);
        sel.removeAllRanges();
        sel.addRange(range);

        document.getElementById("we").innerHTML = el;// see out put of we id
    }
</script>

我正在编写语法突出显示器(和基本的代码编辑器),并且我需要知道如何自动键入单引号字符并将插入号移回(就像当今的许多代码编辑器一样)。

这是我的解决方案的一小段代码,这要归功于该线程,MDN文档和许多Moz控制台监视。

//onKeyPress event

if (evt.key === "\"") {
    let sel = window.getSelection();
    let offset = sel.focusOffset;
    let focus = sel.focusNode;

    focus.textContent += "\""; //setting div's innerText directly creates new
    //nodes, which invalidate our selections, so we modify the focusNode directly

    let range = document.createRange();
    range.selectNode(focus);
    range.setStart(focus, offset);

    range.collapse(true);
    sel.removeAllRanges();
    sel.addRange(range);
}

//end onKeyPress event

这是在contenteditable div元素中

我在这里感谢,意识到已经有了一个可以接受的答案。

我是为我的简单文本编辑器创建的。

与其他方法的区别:

  • 高性能
  • 适用于所有空间

用法

// get current selection
const [start, end] = getSelectionOffset(container)

// change container html
container.innerHTML = newHtml

// restore selection
setSelectionOffset(container, start, end)

// use this instead innerText for get text with keep all spaces
const innerText = getInnerText(container)
const textBeforeCaret = innerText.substring(0, start)
const textAfterCaret = innerText.substring(start)

selection.ts

/** return true if node found */
function searchNode(
    container: Node,
    startNode: Node,
    predicate: (node: Node) => boolean,
    excludeSibling?: boolean,
): boolean {
    if (predicate(startNode as Text)) {
        return true
    }

    for (let i = 0, len = startNode.childNodes.length; i < len; i++) {
        if (searchNode(startNode, startNode.childNodes[i], predicate, true)) {
            return true
        }
    }

    if (!excludeSibling) {
        let parentNode = startNode
        while (parentNode && parentNode !== container) {
            let nextSibling = parentNode.nextSibling
            while (nextSibling) {
                if (searchNode(container, nextSibling, predicate, true)) {
                    return true
                }
                nextSibling = nextSibling.nextSibling
            }
            parentNode = parentNode.parentNode
        }
    }

    return false
}

function createRange(container: Node, start: number, end: number): Range {
    let startNode
    searchNode(container, container, node => {
        if (node.nodeType === Node.TEXT_NODE) {
            const dataLength = (node as Text).data.length
            if (start <= dataLength) {
                startNode = node
                return true
            }
            start -= dataLength
            end -= dataLength
            return false
        }
    })

    let endNode
    if (startNode) {
        searchNode(container, startNode, node => {
            if (node.nodeType === Node.TEXT_NODE) {
                const dataLength = (node as Text).data.length
                if (end <= dataLength) {
                    endNode = node
                    return true
                }
                end -= dataLength
                return false
            }
        })
    }

    const range = document.createRange()
    if (startNode) {
        if (start < startNode.data.length) {
            range.setStart(startNode, start)
        } else {
            range.setStartAfter(startNode)
        }
    } else {
        if (start === 0) {
            range.setStart(container, 0)
        } else {
            range.setStartAfter(container)
        }
    }

    if (endNode) {
        if (end < endNode.data.length) {
            range.setEnd(endNode, end)
        } else {
            range.setEndAfter(endNode)
        }
    } else {
        if (end === 0) {
            range.setEnd(container, 0)
        } else {
            range.setEndAfter(container)
        }
    }

    return range
}

export function setSelectionOffset(node: Node, start: number, end: number) {
    const range = createRange(node, start, end)
    const selection = window.getSelection()
    selection.removeAllRanges()
    selection.addRange(range)
}

function hasChild(container: Node, node: Node): boolean {
    while (node) {
        if (node === container) {
            return true
        }
        node = node.parentNode
    }

    return false
}

function getAbsoluteOffset(container: Node, offset: number) {
    if (container.nodeType === Node.TEXT_NODE) {
        return offset
    }

    let absoluteOffset = 0
    for (let i = 0, len = Math.min(container.childNodes.length, offset); i < len; i++) {
        const childNode = container.childNodes[i]
        searchNode(childNode, childNode, node => {
            if (node.nodeType === Node.TEXT_NODE) {
                absoluteOffset += (node as Text).data.length
            }
            return false
        })
    }

    return absoluteOffset
}

export function getSelectionOffset(container: Node): [number, number] {
    let start = 0
    let end = 0

    const selection = window.getSelection()
    for (let i = 0, len = selection.rangeCount; i < len; i++) {
        const range = selection.getRangeAt(i)
        if (range.intersectsNode(container)) {
            const startNode = range.startContainer
            searchNode(container, container, node => {
                if (startNode === node) {
                    start += getAbsoluteOffset(node, range.startOffset)
                    return true
                }

                const dataLength = node.nodeType === Node.TEXT_NODE
                    ? (node as Text).data.length
                    : 0

                start += dataLength
                end += dataLength

                return false
            })

            const endNode = range.endContainer
            searchNode(container, startNode, node => {
                if (endNode === node) {
                    end += getAbsoluteOffset(node, range.endOffset)
                    return true
                }

                const dataLength = node.nodeType === Node.TEXT_NODE
                    ? (node as Text).data.length
                    : 0

                end += dataLength

                return false
            })

            break
        }
    }

    return [start, end]
}

export function getInnerText(container: Node) {
    const buffer = []
    searchNode(container, container, node => {
        if (node.nodeType === Node.TEXT_NODE) {
            buffer.push((node as Text).data)
        }
        return false
    })
    return buffer.join('')
}

我重构了@Liam的答案。我将其放在带有静态方法的类中,使它的函数接收一个元素而不是一个#id以及其他一些小的调整。

此代码特别适合将光标固定在您可能使用的富文本框中<div contenteditable="true">在到达以下代码之前,我被困了几天。

编辑:他的答案和这个答案有一个涉及击回车的错误。由于Enter键不算作字符,因此点击Enter键后光标位置就会混乱。如果我能够解决该代码,我将更新我的答案。

edit2:避免很多麻烦,并确保自己<div contenteditable=true>display: inline-block这修复了一些与Chrome放置相关的错误,<div>而不是<br>按Enter键。

如何使用

let richText = document.getElementById('rich-text');
let offset = Cursor.getCurrentCursorPosition(richText);
// do stuff to the innerHTML, such as adding/removing <span> tags
Cursor.setCurrentCursorPosition(offset, richText);
richText.focus();

// Credit to Liam (Stack Overflow)
// https://stackoverflow.com/a/41034697/3480193
class Cursor {
    static getCurrentCursorPosition(parentElement) {
        var selection = window.getSelection(),
            charCount = -1,
            node;
        
        if (selection.focusNode) {
            if (Cursor._isChildOf(selection.focusNode, parentElement)) {
                node = selection.focusNode; 
                charCount = selection.focusOffset;
                
                while (node) {
                    if (node === parentElement) {
                        break;
                    }

                    if (node.previousSibling) {
                        node = node.previousSibling;
                        charCount += node.textContent.length;
                    } else {
                        node = node.parentNode;
                        if (node === null) {
                            break;
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
        
        return charCount;
    }
    
    static setCurrentCursorPosition(chars, element) {
        if (chars >= 0) {
            var selection = window.getSelection();
            
            let range = Cursor._createRange(element, { count: chars });

            if (range) {
                range.collapse(false);
                selection.removeAllRanges();
                selection.addRange(range);
            }
        }
    }
    
    static _createRange(node, chars, range) {
        if (!range) {
            range = document.createRange()
            range.selectNode(node);
            range.setStart(node, 0);
        }

        if (chars.count === 0) {
            range.setEnd(node, chars.count);
        } else if (node && chars.count >0) {
            if (node.nodeType === Node.TEXT_NODE) {
                if (node.textContent.length < chars.count) {
                    chars.count -= node.textContent.length;
                } else {
                    range.setEnd(node, chars.count);
                    chars.count = 0;
                }
            } else {
                for (var lp = 0; lp < node.childNodes.length; lp++) {
                    range = Cursor._createRange(node.childNodes[lp], chars, range);

                    if (chars.count === 0) {
                    break;
                    }
                }
            }
        } 

        return range;
    }
    
    static _isChildOf(node, parentElement) {
        while (node !== null) {
            if (node === parentElement) {
                return true;
            }
            node = node.parentNode;
        }

        return false;
    }
}

我认为将插入符号设置为contenteditable元素中的某个位置并不容易。我为此编写了自己的代码。它绕过节点树计算剩余的字符数,并在所需元素中设置脱字符号。我没有对该代码进行太多测试。

//Set offset in current contenteditable field (for start by default or for with forEnd=true)
function setCurSelectionOffset(offset, forEnd = false) {
    const sel = window.getSelection();
    if (sel.rangeCount !== 1 || !document.activeElement) return;

    const firstRange = sel.getRangeAt(0);

    if (offset > 0) {
        bypassChildNodes(document.activeElement, offset);
    }else{
        if (forEnd)
            firstRange.setEnd(document.activeElement, 0);
        else
            firstRange.setStart(document.activeElement, 0);
    }



    //Bypass in depth
    function bypassChildNodes(el, leftOffset) {
        const childNodes = el.childNodes;

        for (let i = 0; i < childNodes.length && leftOffset; i++) {
            const childNode = childNodes[i];

            if (childNode.nodeType === 3) {
                const curLen = childNode.textContent.length;

                if (curLen >= leftOffset) {
                    if (forEnd)
                        firstRange.setEnd(childNode, leftOffset);
                    else
                        firstRange.setStart(childNode, leftOffset);
                    return 0;
                }else{
                    leftOffset -= curLen;
                }
            }else
            if (childNode.nodeType === 1) {
                leftOffset = bypassChildNodes(childNode, leftOffset);
            }
        }

        return leftOffset;
    }
}

我还编写了代码以获取当前的插入符位置(未测试):

//Get offset in current contenteditable field (start offset by default or end offset with calcEnd=true)
function getCurSelectionOffset(calcEnd = false) {
    const sel = window.getSelection();
    if (sel.rangeCount !== 1 || !document.activeElement) return 0;

    const firstRange     = sel.getRangeAt(0),
          startContainer = calcEnd ? firstRange.endContainer : firstRange.startContainer,
          startOffset    = calcEnd ? firstRange.endOffset    : firstRange.startOffset;
    let needStop = false;

    return bypassChildNodes(document.activeElement);



    //Bypass in depth
    function bypassChildNodes(el) {
        const childNodes = el.childNodes;
        let ans = 0;

        if (el === startContainer) {
            if (startContainer.nodeType === 3) {
                ans = startOffset;
            }else
            if (startContainer.nodeType === 1) {
                for (let i = 0; i < startOffset; i++) {
                    const childNode = childNodes[i];

                    ans += childNode.nodeType === 3 ? childNode.textContent.length :
                           childNode.nodeType === 1 ? childNode.innerText.length :
                           0;
                }
            }

            needStop = true;
        }else{
            for (let i = 0; i < childNodes.length && !needStop; i++) {
                const childNode = childNodes[i];
                ans += bypassChildNodes(childNode);
            }
        }

        return ans;
    }
}

您还需要注意range.startOffset和range.endOffset包含文本节点的字符偏移量(nodeType === 3)和元素节点的子节点偏移量(nodeType ==== 1)。range.startContainer和range.endContainer可以引用树中任何级别的任何元素节点(当然,它们也可以引用文本节点)。

基于Tim Down的答案,但它会检查最后一个已知的“好”文本行。它将光标放在最后。

此外,我还可以递归/迭代地检查每个连续最后一个孩子的最后一个孩子,以在DOM中找到绝对的最后一个“好”文本节点。

function onClickHandler() {
  setCaret(document.getElementById("editable"));
}

function setCaret(el) {
  let range = document.createRange(),
      sel = window.getSelection(),
      lastKnownIndex = -1;
  for (let i = 0; i < el.childNodes.length; i++) {
    if (isTextNodeAndContentNoEmpty(el.childNodes[i])) {
      lastKnownIndex = i;
    }
  }
  if (lastKnownIndex === -1) {
    throw new Error('Could not find valid text content');
  }
  let row = el.childNodes[lastKnownIndex],
      col = row.textContent.length;
  range.setStart(row, col);
  range.collapse(true);
  sel.removeAllRanges();
  sel.addRange(range);
  el.focus();
}

function isTextNodeAndContentNoEmpty(node) {
  return node.nodeType == Node.TEXT_NODE && node.textContent.trim().length > 0
}
<div id="editable" contenteditable="true">
  text text text<br>text text text<br>text text text<br>
</div>
<button id="button" onclick="onClickHandler()">focus</button>
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