使用JavaScript向URL添加参数

2020/10/07 05:01 · javascript ·  · 0评论

在使用AJAX调用的Web应用程序中,我需要提交一个请求,但要在URL的末尾添加一个参数,例如:

原始网址:

http://server/myapp.php?id = 10

结果网址:

http://server/myapp.php?id = 10 &enabled = true

寻找一种JavaScript函数,该函数解析URL以查看每个参数,然后添加新参数或更新值(如果已经存在)。

您需要调整的基本实现如下所示:

function insertParam(key, value) {
    key = encodeURIComponent(key);
    value = encodeURIComponent(value);

    // kvp looks like ['key1=value1', 'key2=value2', ...]
    var kvp = document.location.search.substr(1).split('&');
    let i=0;

    for(; i<kvp.length; i++){
        if (kvp[i].startsWith(key + '=')) {
            let pair = kvp[i].split('=');
            pair[1] = value;
            kvp[i] = pair.join('=');
            break;
        }
    }

    if(i >= kvp.length){
        kvp[kvp.length] = [key,value].join('=');
    }

    // can return this or...
    let params = kvp.join('&');

    // reload page with new params
    document.location.search = params;
}

这大约是正则表达式或基于搜索的解决方案的速度的两倍,但这完全取决于查询字符串的长度和任何匹配项的索引


我为完成测试而基准的慢速正则表达式方法(慢了大约150%)

function insertParam2(key,value)
{
    key = encodeURIComponent(key); value = encodeURIComponent(value);

    var s = document.location.search;
    var kvp = key+"="+value;

    var r = new RegExp("(&|\\?)"+key+"=[^\&]*");

    s = s.replace(r,"$1"+kvp);

    if(!RegExp.$1) {s += (s.length>0 ? '&' : '?') + kvp;};

    //again, do what you will here
    document.location.search = s;
}

您可以使用以下之一:

例:

var url = new URL("http://foo.bar/?x=1&y=2");

// If your expected result is "http://foo.bar/?x=1&y=2&x=42"
url.searchParams.append('x', 42);

// If your expected result is "http://foo.bar/?x=42&y=2"
url.searchParams.set('x', 42);

谢谢大家的贡献。我使用了annakata代码,并进行了修改,以包括url中根本没有查询字符串的情况。希望这会有所帮助。

function insertParam(key, value) {
        key = escape(key); value = escape(value);

        var kvp = document.location.search.substr(1).split('&');
        if (kvp == '') {
            document.location.search = '?' + key + '=' + value;
        }
        else {

            var i = kvp.length; var x; while (i--) {
                x = kvp[i].split('=');

                if (x[0] == key) {
                    x[1] = value;
                    kvp[i] = x.join('=');
                    break;
                }
            }

            if (i < 0) { kvp[kvp.length] = [key, value].join('='); }

            //this will reload the page, it's likely better to store this until finished
            document.location.search = kvp.join('&');
        }
    }

这是非常简单的解决方案。它不控制参数的存在,并且不更改现有值。它将参数添加到末尾,因此您可以在后端代码中获取最新值。

function addParameterToURL(param){
    _url = location.href;
    _url += (_url.split('?')[1] ? '&':'?') + param;
    return _url;
}
const urlParams = new URLSearchParams(window.location.search);

urlParams.set('order', 'date');

window.location.search = urlParams;

.set第一个是关键,第二个是值。

Here's a vastly simplified version, making tradeoffs for legibility and fewer lines of code instead of micro-optimized performance (and we're talking about a few miliseconds difference, realistically... due to the nature of this (operating on the current document's location), this will most likely be ran once on a page).

/**
* Add a URL parameter (or changing it if it already exists)
* @param {search} string  this is typically document.location.search
* @param {key}    string  the key to set
* @param {val}    string  value 
*/
var addUrlParam = function(search, key, val){
  var newParam = key + '=' + val,
      params = '?' + newParam;

  // If the "search" string exists, then build params from it
  if (search) {
    // Try to replace an existance instance
    params = search.replace(new RegExp('([?&])' + key + '[^&]*'), '$1' + newParam);

    // If nothing was replaced, then add the new param to the end
    if (params === search) {
      params += '&' + newParam;
    }
  }

  return params;
};

You would then use this like so:

document.location.pathname + addUrlParam(document.location.search, 'foo', 'bar');
/**
* Add a URL parameter 
* @param {string} url 
* @param {string} param the key to set
* @param {string} value 
*/
var addParam = function(url, param, value) {
   param = encodeURIComponent(param);
   var a = document.createElement('a');
   param += (value ? "=" + encodeURIComponent(value) : ""); 
   a.href = url;
   a.search += (a.search ? "&" : "") + param;
   return a.href;
}

/**
* Add a URL parameter (or modify if already exists)
* @param {string} url 
* @param {string} param the key to set
* @param {string} value 
*/
var addOrReplaceParam = function(url, param, value) {
   param = encodeURIComponent(param);
   var r = "([&?]|&amp;)" + param + "\\b(?:=(?:[^&#]*))*";
   var a = document.createElement('a');
   var regex = new RegExp(r);
   var str = param + (value ? "=" + encodeURIComponent(value) : ""); 
   a.href = url;
   var q = a.search.replace(regex, "$1"+str);
   if (q === a.search) {
      a.search += (a.search ? "&" : "") + str;
   } else {
      a.search = q;
   }
   return a.href;
}

url = "http://www.example.com#hashme";
newurl = addParam(url, "ciao", "1");
alert(newurl);

并且请注意,在将参数附加到查询字符串之前,应先对其进行编码。

http://jsfiddle.net/48z7z4kx/

我有一个“类”来做到这一点,这里是:

function QS(){
    this.qs = {};
    var s = location.search.replace( /^\?|#.*$/g, '' );
    if( s ) {
        var qsParts = s.split('&');
        var i, nv;
        for (i = 0; i < qsParts.length; i++) {
            nv = qsParts[i].split('=');
            this.qs[nv[0]] = nv[1];
        }
    }
}

QS.prototype.add = function( name, value ) {
    if( arguments.length == 1 && arguments[0].constructor == Object ) {
        this.addMany( arguments[0] );
        return;
    }
    this.qs[name] = value;
}

QS.prototype.addMany = function( newValues ) {
    for( nv in newValues ) {
        this.qs[nv] = newValues[nv];
    }
}

QS.prototype.remove = function( name ) {
    if( arguments.length == 1 && arguments[0].constructor == Array ) {
        this.removeMany( arguments[0] );
        return;
    }
    delete this.qs[name];
}

QS.prototype.removeMany = function( deleteNames ) {
    var i;
    for( i = 0; i < deleteNames.length; i++ ) {
        delete this.qs[deleteNames[i]];
    }
}

QS.prototype.getQueryString = function() {
    var nv, q = [];
    for( nv in this.qs ) {
        q[q.length] = nv+'='+this.qs[nv];
    }
    return q.join( '&' );
}

QS.prototype.toString = QS.prototype.getQueryString;

//examples
//instantiation
var qs = new QS;
alert( qs );

//add a sinle name/value
qs.add( 'new', 'true' );
alert( qs );

//add multiple key/values
qs.add( { x: 'X', y: 'Y' } );
alert( qs );

//remove single key
qs.remove( 'new' )
alert( qs );

//remove multiple keys
qs.remove( ['x', 'bogus'] )
alert( qs );

我已经重写了toString方法,因此无需调用QS :: getQueryString,您可以使用QS :: toString,或者,正如我在示例中所做的那样,仅依赖于被强制转换为字符串的对象。

如果您有一个要用参数修饰的带有url的字符串,则可以尝试以下操作:

urlstring += ( urlstring.match( /[\?]/g ) ? '&' : '?' ) + 'param=value';

这意味着什么?将是参数的前缀,但是如果已经有在中urlstring用作前缀。

encodeURI( paramvariable )如果您未对参数进行硬编码,我也建议您这样做,但是它在paramvariable;中;或者其中有有趣的人物。

有关功能的用法,请参见javascript URL编码encodeURI

这是添加查询参数的简单方法:

const query = new URLSearchParams(window.location.search);
query.append("enabled", "true");

这就是它更多在这里

请注意支持规格

有时,我们?在URL的结尾看到了一些解决方案,它们生成的结果为file.php?&foo=bar我想出了自己的解决方案,可以按我的意愿完美地工作!

location.origin + location.pathname + location.search + (location.search=='' ? '?' : '&') + 'lang=ar'

注意:location.origin在IE中不起作用,这是其修复方法

这是我自己的尝试,但是我将使用annakata的答案,因为它看起来更干净:

function AddUrlParameter(sourceUrl, parameterName, parameterValue, replaceDuplicates)
{
    if ((sourceUrl == null) || (sourceUrl.length == 0)) sourceUrl = document.location.href;
    var urlParts = sourceUrl.split("?");
    var newQueryString = "";
    if (urlParts.length > 1)
    {
        var parameters = urlParts[1].split("&");
        for (var i=0; (i < parameters.length); i++)
        {
            var parameterParts = parameters[i].split("=");
            if (!(replaceDuplicates && parameterParts[0] == parameterName))
            {
                if (newQueryString == "")
                    newQueryString = "?";
                else
                    newQueryString += "&";
                newQueryString += parameterParts[0] + "=" + parameterParts[1];
            }
        }
    }
    if (newQueryString == "")
        newQueryString = "?";
    else
        newQueryString += "&";
    newQueryString += parameterName + "=" + parameterValue;

    return urlParts[0] + newQueryString;
}

另外,我在stackoverflow的另一篇文章中找到了这个jQuery插件,如果您需要更大的灵活性,可以使用它:http :
//plugins.jquery.com/project/query-object

我认为代码会(尚未测试):

return $.query.parse(sourceUrl).set(parameterName, parameterValue).toString();

查看https://github.com/derek-watson/jsUri

URI和javascript中的查询字符串操作。

该项目包含了Steven Levithan出色的parseUri正则表达式库。您可以安全地解析各种形状和大小的URL,无论这些URL无效还是令人讨厌。

以下功能将帮助您向URL添加,更新和删除参数。

// example1and

var myURL = '/search';

myURL = updateUrl(myURL,'location','california');
console.log('added location...' + myURL);
//added location.../search?location=california

myURL = updateUrl(myURL,'location','new york');
console.log('updated location...' + myURL);
//updated location.../search?location=new%20york

myURL = updateUrl(myURL,'location');
console.log('removed location...' + myURL);
//removed location.../search

// example2

var myURL = '/search?category=mobile';

myURL = updateUrl(myURL,'location','california');
console.log('added location...' + myURL);
//added location.../search?category=mobile&location=california

myURL = updateUrl(myURL,'location','new york');
console.log('updated location...' + myURL);
//updated location.../search?category=mobile&location=new%20york

myURL = updateUrl(myURL,'location');
console.log('removed location...' + myURL);
//removed location.../search?category=mobile

// example3

var myURL = '/search?location=texas';

myURL = updateUrl(myURL,'location','california');
console.log('added location...' + myURL);
//added location.../search?location=california

myURL = updateUrl(myURL,'location','new york');
console.log('updated location...' + myURL);
//updated location.../search?location=new%20york

myURL = updateUrl(myURL,'location');
console.log('removed location...' + myURL);
//removed location.../search

// example4

var myURL = '/search?category=mobile&location=texas';

myURL = updateUrl(myURL,'location','california');
console.log('added location...' + myURL);
//added location.../search?category=mobile&location=california

myURL = updateUrl(myURL,'location','new york');
console.log('updated location...' + myURL);
//updated location.../search?category=mobile&location=new%20york

myURL = updateUrl(myURL,'location');
console.log('removed location...' + myURL);
//removed location.../search?category=mobile

// example5

var myURL = 'https://example.com/search?location=texas#fragment';

myURL = updateUrl(myURL,'location','california');
console.log('added location...' + myURL);
//added location.../search?location=california#fragment

myURL = updateUrl(myURL,'location','new york');
console.log('updated location...' + myURL);
//updated location.../search?location=new%20york#fragment

myURL = updateUrl(myURL,'location');
console.log('removed location...' + myURL);
//removed location.../search#fragment

这是功能。

function updateUrl(url,key,value){
      if(value!==undefined){
        value = encodeURI(value);
      }
      var hashIndex = url.indexOf("#")|0;
      if (hashIndex === -1) hashIndex = url.length|0;
      var urls = url.substring(0, hashIndex).split('?');
      var baseUrl = urls[0];
      var parameters = '';
      var outPara = {};
      if(urls.length>1){
          parameters = urls[1];
      }
      if(parameters!==''){
        parameters = parameters.split('&');
        for(k in parameters){
          var keyVal = parameters[k];
          keyVal = keyVal.split('=');
          var ekey = keyVal[0];
          var evalue = '';
          if(keyVal.length>1){
              evalue = keyVal[1];
          }
          outPara[ekey] = evalue;
        }
      }

      if(value!==undefined){
        outPara[key] = value;
      }else{
        delete outPara[key];
      }
      parameters = [];
      for(var k in outPara){
        parameters.push(k + '=' + outPara[k]);
      }

      var finalUrl = baseUrl;

      if(parameters.length>0){
        finalUrl += '?' + parameters.join('&'); 
      }

      return finalUrl + url.substring(hashIndex); 
  }

尝试这个。

// uses the URL class
function setParam(key, value) {
            let url = new URL(window.document.location);
            let params = new URLSearchParams(url.search.slice(1));

            if (params.has(key)) {
                params.set(key, value);
            }else {
                params.append(key, value);
            }
        }

添加到@Vianney的答案https://stackoverflow.com/a/44160941/6609678

我们可以按如下所示在节点中导入内置URL模块

const { URL } = require('url');

例:

Terminal $ node
> const { URL } = require('url');
undefined
> let url = new URL('', 'http://localhost:1989/v3/orders');
undefined
> url.href
'http://localhost:1989/v3/orders'
> let fetchAll=true, timePeriod = 30, b2b=false;
undefined
> url.href
'http://localhost:1989/v3/orders'
>  url.searchParams.append('fetchAll', fetchAll);
undefined
>  url.searchParams.append('timePeriod', timePeriod);
undefined
>  url.searchParams.append('b2b', b2b);
undefined
> url.href
'http://localhost:1989/v3/orders?fetchAll=true&timePeriod=30&b2b=false'
> url.toString()
'http://localhost:1989/v3/orders?fetchAll=true&timePeriod=30&b2b=false'

有用的链接:

https://developer.mozilla.org/zh-CN/docs/Web/API/URL
https://developer.mozilla.org/en/docs/Web/API/URLSearchParams

我喜欢Mehmet FatihYıldız的回答,即使他没有回答整个问题。

在与他的答案相同的行中,我使用以下代码:

“它不控制参数的存在,也不会更改现有值。它将参数添加到末尾”

  /** add a parameter at the end of the URL. Manage '?'/'&', but not the existing parameters.
   *  does escape the value (but not the key)
   */
  function addParameterToURL(_url,_key,_value){
      var param = _key+'='+escape(_value);

      var sep = '&';
      if (_url.indexOf('?') < 0) {
        sep = '?';
      } else {
        var lastChar=_url.slice(-1);
        if (lastChar == '&') sep='';
        if (lastChar == '?') sep='';
      }
      _url += sep + param;

      return _url;
  }

和测试人员:

  /*
  function addParameterToURL_TESTER_sub(_url,key,value){
    //log(_url);
    log(addParameterToURL(_url,key,value));
  }

  function addParameterToURL_TESTER(){
    log('-------------------');
    var _url ='www.google.com';
    addParameterToURL_TESTER_sub(_url,'key','value');
    addParameterToURL_TESTER_sub(_url,'key','Text Value');
    _url ='www.google.com?';
    addParameterToURL_TESTER_sub(_url,'key','value');
    _url ='www.google.com?A=B';
    addParameterToURL_TESTER_sub(_url,'key','value');
    _url ='www.google.com?A=B&';
    addParameterToURL_TESTER_sub(_url,'key','value');
    _url ='www.google.com?A=1&B=2';
    addParameterToURL_TESTER_sub(_url,'key','value');

  }//*/

我会使用这个小而完整的库来处理js中的网址:

https://github.com/Mikhus/jsurl

这是我在服务器端(例如Node.js)上进行一些基本url参数添加或更新时使用的方法。

CoffeScript:

###
    @method addUrlParam Adds parameter to a given url. If the parameter already exists in the url is being replaced.
    @param {string} url
    @param {string} key Parameter's key
    @param {string} value Parameter's value
    @returns {string} new url containing the parameter
###
addUrlParam = (url, key, value) ->
    newParam = key+"="+value
    result = url.replace(new RegExp('(&|\\?)' + key + '=[^\&|#]*'), '$1' + newParam)
    if result is url
        result = if url.indexOf('?') != -1 then url.split('?')[0] + '?' + newParam + '&' + url.split('?')[1]
    else if url.indexOf('#') != -1 then url.split('#')[0] + '?' + newParam + '#' + url.split('#')[1]
    else url + '?' + newParam
    return result

JavaScript:

function addUrlParam(url, key, value) {
    var newParam = key+"="+value;
    var result = url.replace(new RegExp("(&|\\?)"+key+"=[^\&|#]*"), '$1' + newParam);
    if (result === url) { 
        result = (url.indexOf("?") != -1 ? url.split("?")[0]+"?"+newParam+"&"+url.split("?")[1] 
           : (url.indexOf("#") != -1 ? url.split("#")[0]+"?"+newParam+"#"+ url.split("#")[1] 
              : url+'?'+newParam));
    }
    return result;
}

var url = "http://www.example.com?foo=bar&ciao=3&doom=5#hashme";
result1.innerHTML = addUrlParam(url, "ciao", "1");
<p id="result1"></p>

最简单的解决方案,可以在您已经有标签的情况下工作,并自动将其删除,这样就不会继续添加相等的标签,请尽情享受

function changeURL(tag)
{
if(window.location.href.indexOf("?") > -1) {
    if(window.location.href.indexOf("&"+tag) > -1){

        var url = window.location.href.replace("&"+tag,"")+"&"+tag;
    }
    else
    {
        var url = window.location.href+"&"+tag;
    }
}else{
    if(window.location.href.indexOf("?"+tag) > -1){

        var url = window.location.href.replace("?"+tag,"")+"?"+tag;
    }
    else
    {
        var url = window.location.href+"?"+tag;
    }
}
  window.location = url;
}

然后

changeURL("i=updated");

Vianney Bajart的回答是正确的;但是,仅当您具有带有端口,主机,路径和查询的完整URL时,URL才起作用:

new URL('http://server/myapp.php?id=10&enabled=true')

仅当您传递查询字符串时URLSearchParams才有效:

new URLSearchParams('?id=10&enabled=true')

如果您使用的URL不完整或相对,并且不关心基本URL,则可以按以下?方式拆分以获取查询字符串,然后稍后再加入:

function setUrlParams(url, key, value) {
  url = url.split('?');
  usp = new URLSearchParams(url[1]);
  usp.set(key, value);
  url[1] = usp.toString();
  return url.join('?');
}

let url = 'myapp.php?id=10';
url = setUrlParams(url, 'enabled', true);  // url = 'myapp.php?id=10&enabled=true'
url = setUrlParams(url, 'id', 11);         // url = 'myapp.php?id=11&enabled=true'

与Internet Explorer不兼容。

如果您在链接或其他地方弄乱了网址,则可能还必须考虑哈希值。这是一个相当简单易懂的解决方案。 因为它使用了正则表达式,所以可能不是最快的,但是在99.999%的情况下,区别实际上并不重要!

function addQueryParam( url, key, val ){
    var parts = url.match(/([^?#]+)(\?[^#]*)?(\#.*)?/);
    var url = parts[1];
    var qs = parts[2] || '';
    var hash = parts[3] || '';

    if ( !qs ) {
        return url + '?' + key + '=' + encodeURIComponent( val ) + hash;
    } else {
        var qs_parts = qs.substr(1).split("&");
        var i;
        for (i=0;i<qs_parts.length;i++) {
            var qs_pair = qs_parts[i].split("=");
            if ( qs_pair[0] == key ){
                qs_parts[ i ] = key + '=' + encodeURIComponent( val );
                break;
            }
        }
        if ( i == qs_parts.length ){
            qs_parts.push( key + '=' + encodeURIComponent( val ) );
        }
        return url + '?' + qs_parts.join('&') + hash;
    }
}

我能想到的最简单的解决方案是此方法,它将返回修改后的URI。我觉得你们大多数人都在努力工作。

function setParam(uri, key, val) {
    return uri
        .replace(new RegExp("([?&]"+key+"(?=[=&#]|$)[^#&]*|(?=#|$))"), "&"+key+"="+encodeURIComponent(val))
        .replace(/^([^?&]+)&/, "$1?");
}

它处理以下URL:

  • 空的
  • 没有任何参数
  • 已经有一些参数
  • ?在年底,但同时没有任何参数

它不处理这样的URL:

  • 带有片段标识符(即哈希,#)
  • 如果URL已经具有必需的查询参数(那么将有重复的参数)

适用于:

  • 镀铬32+
  • Firefox 26+
  • Safari 7.1以上
function appendQueryParameter(url, name, value) {
    if (url.length === 0) {
        return;
    }

    let rawURL = url;

    // URL with `?` at the end and without query parameters
    // leads to incorrect result.
    if (rawURL.charAt(rawURL.length - 1) === "?") {
        rawURL = rawURL.slice(0, rawURL.length - 1);
    }

    const parsedURL = new URL(rawURL);
    let parameters = parsedURL.search;

    parameters += (parameters.length === 0) ? "?" : "&";
    parameters = (parameters + name + "=" + value);

    return (parsedURL.origin + parsedURL.pathname + parameters);
}

具有ES6模板字符串的版本。

适用于:

  • 铬41+
  • Firefox 32+
  • Safari 9.1+
function appendQueryParameter(url, name, value) {
    if (url.length === 0) {
        return;
    }

    let rawURL = url;

    // URL with `?` at the end and without query parameters
    // leads to incorrect result.
    if (rawURL.charAt(rawURL.length - 1) === "?") {
        rawURL = rawURL.slice(0, rawURL.length - 1);
    }

    const parsedURL = new URL(rawURL);
    let parameters = parsedURL.search;

    parameters += (parameters.length === 0) ? "?" : "&";
    parameters = `${parameters}${name}=${value}`;

    return `${parsedURL.origin}${parsedURL.pathname}${parameters}`;
}

好的,在这里我比较了两个函数,一个是我自己(regExp)制作的,另一个是(an​​nakata)制作的。

分割数组:

function insertParam(key, value)
{
    key = escape(key); value = escape(value);

    var kvp = document.location.search.substr(1).split('&');

    var i=kvp.length; var x; while(i--) 
    {
        x = kvp[i].split('=');

        if (x[0]==key)
        {
                x[1] = value;
                kvp[i] = x.join('=');
                break;
        }
    }

    if(i<0) {kvp[kvp.length] = [key,value].join('=');}

    //this will reload the page, it's likely better to store this until finished
    return "&"+kvp.join('&'); 
}

正则表达式方法:

function addParameter(param, value)
{
    var regexp = new RegExp("(\\?|\\&)" + param + "\\=([^\\&]*)(\\&|$)");
    if (regexp.test(document.location.search)) 
        return (document.location.search.toString().replace(regexp, function(a, b, c, d)
        {
                return (b + param + "=" + value + d);
        }));
    else 
        return document.location.search+ param + "=" + value;
}

测试案例:

time1=(new Date).getTime();
for (var i=0;i<10000;i++)
{
addParameter("test","test");
}
time2=(new Date).getTime();
for (var i=0;i<10000;i++)
{
insertParam("test","test");
}

time3=(new Date).getTime();

console.log((time2-time1)+" "+(time3-time2));

似乎即使使用最简单的解决方案(当regexp仅使用test而不输入.replace函数时),它仍然比拆分要慢...好。正则表达式有点慢,但是...呃...

这是我的工作。使用我的editParams()函数,您可以添加,删除或更改任何参数,然后使用内置的replaceState()函数更新URL:

window.history.replaceState('object or string', 'Title', 'page.html' + editParams('enable', 'true'));


// background functions below:

// add/change/remove URL parameter
// use a value of false to remove parameter
// returns a url-style string
function editParams (key, value) {
  key = encodeURI(key);

  var params = getSearchParameters();

  if (Object.keys(params).length === 0) {
    if (value !== false)
      return '?' + key + '=' + encodeURI(value);
    else
      return '';
  }

  if (value !== false)
    params[key] = encodeURI(value);
  else
    delete params[key];

  if (Object.keys(params).length === 0)
    return '';

  return '?' + $.map(params, function (value, key) {
    return key + '=' + value;
  }).join('&');
}

// Get object/associative array of URL parameters
function getSearchParameters () {
  var prmstr = window.location.search.substr(1);
  return prmstr !== null && prmstr !== "" ? transformToAssocArray(prmstr) : {};
}

// convert parameters from url-style string to associative array
function transformToAssocArray (prmstr) {
  var params = {},
      prmarr = prmstr.split("&");

  for (var i = 0; i < prmarr.length; i++) {
    var tmparr = prmarr[i].split("=");
    params[tmparr[0]] = tmparr[1];
  }
  return params;
}

最好的情况是,上述答案都不能解决查询字符串包含参数的情况,这些参数本身就是数组,因此会出现多次,例如:

http://example.com?sizes[]=a&sizes[]=b

以下功能是我写的要更新的功能document.location.search它使用键/值对数组作为参数,并将返回后者的修订版,您可以根据需要进行操作。我正在这样使用它:

var newParams = [
    ['test','123'],
    ['best','456'],
    ['sizes[]','XXL']
];
var newUrl = document.location.pathname + insertParams(newParams);
history.replaceState('', '', newUrl);

如果当前网址是:

http://example.com/index.php?test=replaceme&sizes[]=XL

这会让你

http://example.com/index.php?test=123&sizes[]=XL&sizes[]=XXL&best=456

功能

function insertParams(params) {
    var result;
    var ii = params.length;
    var queryString = document.location.search.substr(1);
    var kvps = queryString ? queryString.split('&') : [];
    var kvp;
    var skipParams = [];
    var i = kvps.length;
    while (i--) {
        kvp = kvps[i].split('=');
        if (kvp[0].slice(-2) != '[]') {
            var ii = params.length;
            while (ii--) {
                if (params[ii][0] == kvp[0]) {
                    kvp[1] = params[ii][1];
                    kvps[i] = kvp.join('=');
                    skipParams.push(ii);
                }
            }
        }
    }
    var ii = params.length;
    while (ii--) {
        if (skipParams.indexOf(ii) === -1) {
            kvps.push(params[ii].join('='));
        }
    }
    result = kvps.length ? '?' + kvps.join('&') : '';
    return result;
}

试试

正则表达式,太慢了,因此:

var SetParamUrl = function(_k, _v) {// replace and add new parameters

    let arrParams = window.location.search !== '' ? decodeURIComponent(window.location.search.substr(1)).split('&').map(_v => _v.split('=')) : Array();
    let index = arrParams.findIndex((_v) => _v[0] === _k); 
    index = index !== -1 ? index : arrParams.length;
    _v === null ? arrParams = arrParams.filter((_v, _i) => _i != index) : arrParams[index] = [_k, _v];
    let _search = encodeURIComponent(arrParams.map(_v => _v.join('=')).join('&'));

    let newurl = window.location.protocol + "//" + window.location.host + window.location.pathname + (arrParams.length > 0 ? '?' +  _search : ''); 

    // window.location = newurl; //reload 

    if (history.pushState) { // without reload  
        window.history.pushState({path:newurl}, null, newurl);
    }

};

var GetParamUrl = function(_k) {// get parameter by key

    let sPageURL = decodeURIComponent(window.location.search.substr(1)),
        sURLVariables = sPageURL.split('&').map(_v => _v.split('='));
    let _result = sURLVariables.find(_v => _v[0] === _k);
    return _result[1];

};

例:

        // https://some.com/some_path
        GetParamUrl('cat');//undefined
        SetParamUrl('cat', "strData");// https://some.com/some_path?cat=strData
        GetParamUrl('cat');//strData
        SetParamUrl('sotr', "strDataSort");// https://some.com/some_path?cat=strData&sotr=strDataSort
        GetParamUrl('sotr');//strDataSort
        SetParamUrl('cat', "strDataTwo");// https://some.com/some_path?cat=strDataTwo&sotr=strDataSort
        GetParamUrl('cat');//strDataTwo
        //remove param
        SetParamUrl('cat', null);// https://some.com/some_path?sotr=strDataSort

通过JS的新成就,可以在这里向URL添加查询参数:

var protocol = window.location.protocol,
    host = '//' + window.location.host,
    path = window.location.pathname,
    query = window.location.search;

var newUrl = protocol + host + path + query + (query ? '&' : '?') + 'param=1';

window.history.pushState({path:newUrl}, '' , newUrl);

另请参阅这种可能性Moziila URLSearchParams.append()

这将适用于所有现代浏览器。

function insertParam(key,value) {
      if (history.pushState) {
          var newurl = window.location.protocol + "//" + window.location.host + window.location.pathname + '?' +key+'='+value;
          window.history.pushState({path:newurl},'',newurl);
      }
    }
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