为什么在使用()调用Node.js REPL中的函数起作用?

2020/10/19 04:21 · javascript ·  · 0评论

为什么可以用经node.js测试的JavaScript调用此函数:

~$ node
> function hi() { console.log("Hello, World!"); };
undefined
> hi
[Function: hi]
> hi()
Hello, World!
undefined
> hi)( // WTF?
Hello, World!
undefined
>

为什么最后一次呼叫“”hi)(有效?是node.js中的错误,V8引擎中的错误,正式未定义的行为还是对所有解释程序实际上有效的JavaScript?

似乎是Node REPL错误,将这两行放在.js会导致语法错误。

function hi() { console.log("Hello, World!"); }
hi)(

错误:

SyntaxError: Unexpected token )
    at Module._compile (module.js:439:25)
    at Object.Module._extensions..js (module.js:474:10)
    at Module.load (module.js:356:32)
    at Function.Module._load (module.js:312:12)
    at Function.Module.runMain (module.js:497:10)
    at startup (node.js:119:16)
    at node.js:901:3

问题已提交#6634

转载于v0.10.20。


v0.11.7已修复此问题。

$ nvm run 0.11.7
Running node v0.11.7
> function hi() { console.log("Hello, World!"); }
undefined
>  hi)(
SyntaxError: Unexpected token )
    at Object.exports.createScript (vm.js:44:10)
    at REPLServer.defaultEval (repl.js:117:23)
    at REPLServer.b [as eval] (domain.js:251:18)
    at Interface.<anonymous> (repl.js:277:12)
    at Interface.EventEmitter.emit (events.js:103:17)
    at Interface._onLine (readline.js:194:10)
    at Interface._line (readline.js:523:8)
    at Interface._ttyWrite (readline.js:798:14)
    at ReadStream.onkeypress (readline.js:98:10)
    at ReadStream.EventEmitter.emit (events.js:106:17)
> 

这是由于REPL如何评估输入,最终是:

(hi)()

添加附加括号以强制将其变为Expression

  // First we attempt to eval as expression with parens.
  // This catches '{a : 1}' properly.
  self.eval('(' + evalCmd + ')',
      // ...

目的是将其{...}视为Object文字/初始化程序,而不是作为

var stmt = '{ "foo": "bar" }';
var expr = '(' + stmt + ')';

console.log(eval(expr)); // Object {foo: "bar"}
console.log(eval(stmt)); // SyntaxError: Unexpected token :

而且,正如leesei所提到的,它已更改为0.11.x,它将仅包装{ ... }而不是所有输入:

  if (/^\s*\{/.test(evalCmd) && /\}\s*$/.test(evalCmd)) {
    // It's confusing for `{ a : 1 }` to be interpreted as a block
    // statement rather than an object literal.  So, we first try
    // to wrap it in parentheses, so that it will be interpreted as
    // an expression.
    evalCmd = '(' + evalCmd + ')\n';
  } else {
    // otherwise we just append a \n so that it will be either
    // terminated, or continued onto the next expression if it's an
    // unexpected end of input.
    evalCmd = evalCmd + '\n';
  }

4个月前针对此问题提出了一个错误https://github.com/joyent/node/issues/5698

问题在于,REPL将语句括在括号中。所以

foo)(

变成

(foo)()

实际的解释可以在这里https://github.com/joyent/node/issues/5698#issuecomment-19487718找到

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