在JavaScript中将字节大小转换为KB,MB,GB的正确方法

2020/10/08 02:01 · javascript ·  · 0评论

通过PHP将此代码转换为秘密大小(以字节为单位)。

现在,我想使用JavaScript将这些尺寸转换为人类可读的尺寸。我试图将此代码转换为JavaScript,如下所示:

function formatSizeUnits(bytes){
  if      (bytes >= 1073741824) { bytes = (bytes / 1073741824).toFixed(2) + " GB"; }
  else if (bytes >= 1048576)    { bytes = (bytes / 1048576).toFixed(2) + " MB"; }
  else if (bytes >= 1024)       { bytes = (bytes / 1024).toFixed(2) + " KB"; }
  else if (bytes > 1)           { bytes = bytes + " bytes"; }
  else if (bytes == 1)          { bytes = bytes + " byte"; }
  else                          { bytes = "0 bytes"; }
  return bytes;
}

这是正确的方法吗?有没有更简单的方法?

从此:(来源

function bytesToSize(bytes) {
   var sizes = ['Bytes', 'KB', 'MB', 'GB', 'TB'];
   if (bytes == 0) return '0 Byte';
   var i = parseInt(Math.floor(Math.log(bytes) / Math.log(1024)));
   return Math.round(bytes / Math.pow(1024, i), 2) + ' ' + sizes[i];
}

注意:这是原始代码,请在下面使用固定版本。Aliceljm不再激活她复制的代码


现在,未缩小固定版本,并且ES6版本:(按社区)

function formatBytes(bytes, decimals = 2) {
    if (bytes === 0) return '0 Bytes';

    const k = 1024;
    const dm = decimals < 0 ? 0 : decimals;
    const sizes = ['Bytes', 'KB', 'MB', 'GB', 'TB', 'PB', 'EB', 'ZB', 'YB'];

    const i = Math.floor(Math.log(bytes) / Math.log(k));

    return parseFloat((bytes / Math.pow(k, i)).toFixed(dm)) + ' ' + sizes[i];
}

现在,固定版本:( 由Stackoverflow的社区提供,+由JSCompress缩小

function formatBytes(a,b=2){if(0===a)return"0 Bytes";const c=0>b?0:b,d=Math.floor(Math.log(a)/Math.log(1024));return parseFloat((a/Math.pow(1024,d)).toFixed(c))+" "+["Bytes","KB","MB","GB","TB","PB","EB","ZB","YB"][d]}

用法:

// formatBytes(bytes,decimals)

formatBytes(1024);       // 1 KB
formatBytes('1024');     // 1 KB
formatBytes(1234);       // 1.21 KB
formatBytes(1234, 3);    // 1.205 KB

演示/来源:

function formatBytes(bytes, decimals = 2) {
    if (bytes === 0) return '0 Bytes';

    const k = 1024;
    const dm = decimals < 0 ? 0 : decimals;
    const sizes = ['Bytes', 'KB', 'MB', 'GB', 'TB', 'PB', 'EB', 'ZB', 'YB'];

    const i = Math.floor(Math.log(bytes) / Math.log(k));

    return parseFloat((bytes / Math.pow(k, i)).toFixed(dm)) + ' ' + sizes[i];
}

// ** Demo code **
var p = document.querySelector('p'),
    input = document.querySelector('input');
    
function setText(v){
    p.innerHTML = formatBytes(v);
}
// bind 'input' event
input.addEventListener('input', function(){ 
    setText( this.value )
})
// set initial text
setText(input.value);
<input type="text" value="1000">
<p></p>

PS:更改k = 1000sizes = ["..."]根据需要(字节

function formatBytes(bytes) {
    var marker = 1024; // Change to 1000 if required
    var decimal = 3; // Change as required
    var kiloBytes = marker; // One Kilobyte is 1024 bytes
    var megaBytes = marker * marker; // One MB is 1024 KB
    var gigaBytes = marker * marker * marker; // One GB is 1024 MB
    var teraBytes = marker * marker * marker * marker; // One TB is 1024 GB

    // return bytes if less than a KB
    if(bytes < kiloBytes) return bytes + " Bytes";
    // return KB if less than a MB
    else if(bytes < megaBytes) return(bytes / kiloBytes).toFixed(decimal) + " KB";
    // return MB if less than a GB
    else if(bytes < gigaBytes) return(bytes / megaBytes).toFixed(decimal) + " MB";
    // return GB if less than a TB
    else return(bytes / gigaBytes).toFixed(decimal) + " GB";
}
const units = ['bytes', 'KB', 'MB', 'GB', 'TB', 'PB', 'EB', 'ZB', 'YB'];

function niceBytes(x){

  let l = 0, n = parseInt(x, 10) || 0;

  while(n >= 1024 && ++l){
      n = n/1024;
  }
  //include a decimal point and a tenths-place digit if presenting 
  //less than ten of KB or greater units
  return(n.toFixed(n < 10 && l > 0 ? 1 : 0) + ' ' + units[l]);
}

结果:

niceBytes(435)                 // 435 bytes
niceBytes(3398)                // 3.3 KB
niceBytes(490398)              // 479 KB
niceBytes(6544528)             // 6.2 MB
niceBytes(23483023)            // 22 MB
niceBytes(3984578493)          // 3.7 GB
niceBytes(30498505889)         // 28 GB
niceBytes(9485039485039445)    // 8.4 PB

您可以使用filesizejs库。

与字节相关时,有两种表示大小的实际方法,它们是SI单位(10 ^ 3)或IEC单位(2 ^ 10)。还有JEDEC,但是他们的方法是模棱两可和令人困惑的。我注意到其他示例存在错误,例如使用KB而不是kB代表千字节,因此我决定编写一个函数,该函数将使用当前接受的度量单位范围解决每种情况。

最后有一个格式化位,会使该数字看起来更好(至少在我看来),如果它不适合您的目的,可以随意删除该格式。

请享用。

// pBytes: the size in bytes to be converted.
// pUnits: 'si'|'iec' si units means the order of magnitude is 10^3, iec uses 2^10

function prettyNumber(pBytes, pUnits) {
    // Handle some special cases
    if(pBytes == 0) return '0 Bytes';
    if(pBytes == 1) return '1 Byte';
    if(pBytes == -1) return '-1 Byte';

    var bytes = Math.abs(pBytes)
    if(pUnits && pUnits.toLowerCase() && pUnits.toLowerCase() == 'si') {
        // SI units use the Metric representation based on 10^3 as a order of magnitude
        var orderOfMagnitude = Math.pow(10, 3);
        var abbreviations = ['Bytes', 'kB', 'MB', 'GB', 'TB', 'PB', 'EB', 'ZB', 'YB'];
    } else {
        // IEC units use 2^10 as an order of magnitude
        var orderOfMagnitude = Math.pow(2, 10);
        var abbreviations = ['Bytes', 'KiB', 'MiB', 'GiB', 'TiB', 'PiB', 'EiB', 'ZiB', 'YiB'];
    }
    var i = Math.floor(Math.log(bytes) / Math.log(orderOfMagnitude));
    var result = (bytes / Math.pow(orderOfMagnitude, i));

    // This will get the sign right
    if(pBytes < 0) {
        result *= -1;
    }

    // This bit here is purely for show. it drops the percision on numbers greater than 100 before the units.
    // it also always shows the full number of bytes if bytes is the unit.
    if(result >= 99.995 || i==0) {
        return result.toFixed(0) + ' ' + abbreviations[i];
    } else {
        return result.toFixed(2) + ' ' + abbreviations[i];
    }
}

这是一个班轮:

val => ['Bytes','Kb','Mb','Gb','Tb'][Math.floor(Math.log2(val)/10)]

甚至:

val => 'BKMGT'[~~(Math.log2(val)/10)]

使用按位运算将是更好的解决方案。尝试这个

function formatSizeUnits(bytes)
{
    if ( ( bytes >> 30 ) & 0x3FF )
        bytes = ( bytes >>> 30 ) + '.' + ( bytes & (3*0x3FF )) + 'GB' ;
    else if ( ( bytes >> 20 ) & 0x3FF )
        bytes = ( bytes >>> 20 ) + '.' + ( bytes & (2*0x3FF ) ) + 'MB' ;
    else if ( ( bytes >> 10 ) & 0x3FF )
        bytes = ( bytes >>> 10 ) + '.' + ( bytes & (0x3FF ) ) + 'KB' ;
    else if ( ( bytes >> 1 ) & 0x3FF )
        bytes = ( bytes >>> 1 ) + 'Bytes' ;
    else
        bytes = bytes + 'Byte' ;
    return bytes ;
}

根据Aliceljm的回答,我在小数点后删除了0:

function formatBytes(bytes, decimals) {
    if(bytes== 0)
    {
        return "0 Byte";
    }
    var k = 1024; //Or 1 kilo = 1000
    var sizes = ["Bytes", "KB", "MB", "GB", "TB", "PB"];
    var i = Math.floor(Math.log(bytes) / Math.log(k));
    return parseFloat((bytes / Math.pow(k, i)).toFixed(decimals)) + " " + sizes[i];
}
function bytesToSize(bytes) {
  var sizes = ['B', 'K', 'M', 'G', 'T', 'P'];
  for (var i = 0; i < sizes.length; i++) {
    if (bytes <= 1024) {
      return bytes + ' ' + sizes[i];
    } else {
      bytes = parseFloat(bytes / 1024).toFixed(2)
    }
  }
  return bytes + ' P';
}

console.log(bytesToSize(234));
console.log(bytesToSize(2043));
console.log(bytesToSize(20433242));
console.log(bytesToSize(2043324243));
console.log(bytesToSize(2043324268233));
console.log(bytesToSize(2043324268233343));

我最初使用@Aliceljm的答案来处理我正在处理的文件上传项目,但最近遇到了一个问题,其中文件0.98kb被读取为1.02mb这是我现在正在使用的更新代码。

function formatBytes(bytes){
  var kb = 1024;
  var ndx = Math.floor( Math.log(bytes) / Math.log(kb) );
  var fileSizeTypes = ["bytes", "kb", "mb", "gb", "tb", "pb", "eb", "zb", "yb"];

  return {
    size: +(bytes / kb / kb).toFixed(2),
    type: fileSizeTypes[ndx]
  };
}

像这样添加文件后,将调用上述方法

// In this case `file.size` equals `26060275` 
formatBytes(file.size);
// returns `{ size: 24.85, type: "mb" }`

当然,Windows会按原样读取文件,24.8mb但我可以提供更高的精度。

该解决方案以先前的解决方案为基础,但同时考虑了公制和二进制单位:

function formatBytes(bytes, decimals, binaryUnits) {
    if(bytes == 0) {
        return '0 Bytes';
    }
    var unitMultiple = (binaryUnits) ? 1024 : 1000; 
    var unitNames = (unitMultiple === 1024) ? // 1000 bytes in 1 Kilobyte (KB) or 1024 bytes for the binary version (KiB)
        ['Bytes', 'KiB', 'MiB', 'GiB', 'TiB', 'PiB', 'EiB', 'ZiB', 'YiB']: 
        ['Bytes', 'KB', 'MB', 'GB', 'TB', 'PB', 'EB', 'ZB', 'YB'];
    var unitChanges = Math.floor(Math.log(bytes) / Math.log(unitMultiple));
    return parseFloat((bytes / Math.pow(unitMultiple, unitChanges)).toFixed(decimals || 0)) + ' ' + unitNames[unitChanges];
}

例子:

formatBytes(293489203947847, 1);    // 293.5 TB
formatBytes(1234, 0);   // 1 KB
formatBytes(4534634523453678343456, 2); // 4.53 ZB
formatBytes(4534634523453678343456, 2, true));  // 3.84 ZiB
formatBytes(4566744, 1);    // 4.6 MB
formatBytes(534, 0);    // 534 Bytes
formatBytes(273403407, 0);  // 273 MB
var SIZES = ['Bytes', 'KB', 'MB', 'GB', 'TB', 'PB', 'EB', 'ZB', 'YB'];

function formatBytes(bytes, decimals) {
  for(var i = 0, r = bytes, b = 1024; r > b; i++) r /= b;
  return `${parseFloat(r.toFixed(decimals))} ${SIZES[i]}`;
}

我在这里更新@Aliceljm答案。由于小数位对1,2位数字很重要,因此我将小数点后一位四舍五入并保留小数点后一位。对于3位数字,我将舍入四舍五入而忽略所有小数位。

getMultiplers : function(bytes){
    var unit = 1000 ;
    if (bytes < unit) return bytes ;
    var exp = Math.floor(Math.log(bytes) / Math.log(unit));
    var pre = "kMGTPE".charAt(exp-1);
    var result = bytes / Math.pow(unit, exp);
    if(result/100 < 1)
        return (Math.round( result * 10 ) / 10) +pre;
    else
        return Math.round(result) + pre;
}

这是向人显示字节的方式:

function bytesToHuman(bytes, decimals = 2) {
  // https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orders_of_magnitude_(data)
  const units = ["bytes", "KiB", "MiB", "GiB", "TiB", "PiB", "EiB"]; // etc

  let i = 0;
  let h = 0;

  let c = 1 / 1023; // change it to 1024 and see the diff

  for (; h < c && i < units.length; i++) {
    if ((h = Math.pow(1024, i) / bytes) >= c) {
      break;
    }
  }

  // remove toFixed and let `locale` controls formatting
  return (1 / h).toFixed(decimals).toLocaleString() + " " + units[i];
}

// test
for (let i = 0; i < 9; i++) {
  let val = i * Math.pow(10, i);
  console.log(val.toLocaleString() + " bytes is the same as " + bytesToHuman(val));

}

// let's fool around
console.log(bytesToHuman(1023));
console.log(bytesToHuman(1024));
console.log(bytesToHuman(1025));

我只想分享我的意见。我有这个问题,所以我的解决办法是这样。这会将较低的单位转换为较高的单位,反之亦然,只需提供参数toUnitfromUnit

export function fileSizeConverter(size: number, fromUnit: string, toUnit: string ): number | string {
  const units: string[] = ['B', 'KB', 'MB', 'GB', 'TB'];
  const from = units.indexOf(fromUnit.toUpperCase());
  const to = units.indexOf(toUnit.toUpperCase());
  const BASE_SIZE = 1024;
  let result: number | string = 0;

  if (from < 0 || to < 0 ) { return result = 'Error: Incorrect units'; }

  result = from < to ? size / (BASE_SIZE ** to) : size * (BASE_SIZE ** from);

  return result.toFixed(2);
}

我从这里得到了主意

function bytes2Size(byteVal){
    var units=["Bytes", "KB", "MB", "GB", "TB"];
    var kounter=0;
    var kb= 1024;
    var div=byteVal/1;
    while(div>=kb){
        kounter++;
        div= div/kb;
    }
    return div.toFixed(1) + " " + units[kounter];
}

试试这个简单的解决方法。

var files = $("#file").get(0).files;               
                var size = files[0].size;
                if (size >= 5000000) {
alert("File size is greater than or equal to 5 MB");
}
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